The Enneagram respects all spiritual paths and traditions, and is grounded in sound psychological and spiritual knowledge. Complex, yet accessible, the Enneagram names the obstacles to spiritual experience for each type.
- 1 What does an Enneagram teach us?
- 2 What is Enneagram and why is it important?
- 3 What are the roots of the Enneagram?
- 4 What Enneagram is Paul from the Bible?
- 5 Do psychologists use the Enneagram?
- 6 What do the wings mean in Enneagram?
- 7 Which Enneagram type is the most common?
- 8 Is the Enneagram legit?
- 9 What is an instinctual variant?
- 10 Is the Enneagram scientific?
- 11 What is an ego fixation?
- 12 What is an Enneagram fixation?
- 13 What is Jesus on the Enneagram?
- 14 What Enneagram is Oprah?
- 15 What MBTI type was Jesus?
- 16 The Enneagram and Spirituality
- 17 What is the ‘Enneagram,’ and why are Christians suddenly so enamored by it?
- 18 The Enneagram as a tool for spiritual growth
- 19 Why the Enneagram of Personality is becoming popular with Christians and other faith groups
- 20 ‘Who am I?’
- 21 ‘Centers of intelligence’ can play a role in creating a worship service
- 22 Enneagram has faced pushback, but remains popular
- 23 ‘It showed me where my blind spots and my pitfalls were’
- 24 Traditional Enneagram (History) — The Enneagram Institute
- 25 The Virtues, Passions, Holy Ideas, and Fixations
- 26 How the Enneagram helps in spiritual direction — The Sabbath Life
- 26.1 Type ONE: The Perfectionist or Reformer
- 26.2 Type TWO: The Helper
- 26.3 Type THREE: The Performer or Achiever
- 26.4 Type FOUR: The Romantic or Individualist
- 26.5 Type FIVE: The Investigator
- 26.6 Type SIX: The Loyalist
- 26.7 Type SEVEN: The Enthusiast
- 26.8 Type EIGHT: The Challenger
- 26.9 Type NINE: The Peacemaker
- 27 The Spiritual Dimension of the Enneagram: Nine Faces of the Soul: Maitri, Sandra: 9781585420810: Amazon.com: Books
What does an Enneagram teach us?
Understanding a person’s Enneagram type helps us to see why they behave the way they do. Each Enneagram type has a set of core beliefs that will consistently motivate them to take particular actions and guide them to make certain decisions. The Enneagram also helps us understand how people react to stress.
What is Enneagram and why is it important?
Originally known as the Enneagram of Personality Types, the Enneagram was first invented in the 1900s as a model of the human psyche. While it can be a useful tool to understand your personality, strengths, and challenges in life, it can also help us to examine how we relate to ourselves, others, and our world.
What are the roots of the Enneagram?
Stemming from the Greek words ennea (nine) and grammos (a written or drawn symbol), the Enneagram was borne out of ancient tradition. It was introduced to the modern world in 1915 as a human development system by philosopher and teacher George Gurdjieff.
What Enneagram is Paul from the Bible?
The Biblical narrative that most represents types One is the story of the apostle Paul. As we have mentioned before, we don’t know Paul was a type One, but his life and epistles tend to reflect a lot of type One aspects. Paul, who was first called Saul, was a Greek speaking Jew who had been trained as a Pharisee.
Do psychologists use the Enneagram?
The Enneagram has been used by psychiatrists since the 1970s. In the past century, psychiatrists and psychologists have utilized many systems for describing personality characteristics and styles. These have varied widely in their basis, acceptance, and application.
What do the wings mean in Enneagram?
Essentially, a wing represents another part of your personality that you identify with that works in harmony with your Type. So, if you are an Enneagram Seven with an Eight-wing, you likely primarily demonstrate the tendencies of an Enneagram Seven, but your behaviors may also lean toward an Enneagram Eight.
Which Enneagram type is the most common?
Enneagram Type 9 is the most common personality type according to studies performed by Truity and other reputable enneagram sources.
Is the Enneagram legit?
Despite criticism, the Enneagram has some basis of validity. An article from Bustle stated, “The Enneagram Institute’s Riso-Hudson Enneagram Type Indicator (RHETI) is 72 percent accurate, which is a pretty high score for this type of test.” The Enneagram is a good way for people to work on renewing their minds.
What is an instinctual variant?
Enneagram subtypes, or instinctual variants, refer to 3 different areas of the personality type. These are the self-preservation instinct, the sexual instinct, and the social instinct. Each of these will bring out different aspects of a person’s personality, depending on the situation.
Is the Enneagram scientific?
But while the enneagram test is used across an array of contexts, ranging from human services to some academic communities, it’s generally agreed that there’s a lack of rigorous scientific research on its application.
What is an ego fixation?
Ego fixation refers to the involuntary persistence of self-control. One important consequence of ego fixation is that individuals can no longer access their negative reactions to distasteful stimuli.
What is an Enneagram fixation?
The enneagram type is a fixation, because experts have an attachment to being the expert, and mentors have an attachment to being guides, and fours have an attachment to feeling like outcasts or victims. As you are freed from the attachment, you are also freed from the fixation.
What is Jesus on the Enneagram?
It has been suggested that Jesus’ Enneagram was 9 This is a textbook example of a type 9 enneagram. Enneagram type 9 is the Adaptive Peacemaker. All number 9 really wants is a quiet life, peace, harmony, and goodwill among men. Their ‘holy idea’ is love.
What Enneagram is Oprah?
Oprah Winfrey’s Personality Type – Enneagram, 16-Personality (based on types by Jung, Myers, & Briggs), and DISC. Oprah tends to be decisive and energized by ideas, favoring action over analysis and the big picture over details. As a Type Three, Oprah tends to be ambitious, adaptable, and enthusiastic.
What MBTI type was Jesus?
Originally Answered: What is the Myers-Briggs personality type of Jesus Christ? According to most Myers-Briggs Personality Sources (16 Personalities, etc), he would be classified as an INFJ.
The Enneagram and Spirituality
My first encounter with the Enneagram occurred in 1994, when a classmate at the Candler School of Theology urged me to participate in a session on personality types led by a professor in the Master of Divinity program. My acquaintance, who was enthusiastic about this new instrument known as the Enneagram, urged me and a few other people to immerse oneself in this new understanding. I had no idea that this unexpected contact with the Enneagram would have such a profound impact on my personal and professional development.
As the professor discussed some of the dark parts of my Type 4 pattern, I felt seen, exposed, and vulnerable for the first time.
I had never felt this way before.
Over the following 20 years, I read a slew of books, engaged in a variety of amusing talks with friends and coworkers, and participated in a couple of Enneagram workshops.
- I shared it with everyone who was willing to put up with my zealous evangelical demeanor.
- I was requested to present a class session on the Enneagram at Wake Forest University School of Divinity a few years ago, with the goal of assisting students in increasing their self-awareness and supporting their leadership development.
- “How did you find out this information about me?” several voices in the room appeared to ask in response to the kinds’ inquiry.
- The intensity of conflicting sensations in the room was palpable by the conclusion of class – astonishment, excitement, uncertainty, liberation – and I knew that the students were beginning to experience the same transforming force of the Enneagram that had captivated me two decades before.
- Tamica came me after class and requested a private meeting with me.
- for a long time, she had carried a sense of guilt about who she was, questioning why God had designed her to be what she had heard others characterize as loud, forceful, and dominating in her personality.
- It was through this new realization that she shared with me that she was finally finding a place at home in herself.
- After class, I became acutely aware of not just the heightened energy in the room, but also of how alive and vibrant I felt on a personal level.
As a result of this encounter, I went on to become a Certified Enneagram Teacher in the Narrative Tradition, completed my Doctor of Ministry degree with a dissertation that focused on the intersection of the Enneagram and spiritual practices, and began teaching a regular course on the spirituality of the Enneagram at Wake Forest University, among other things.
I hope you will join me in this endeavor.
What is the ‘Enneagram,’ and why are Christians suddenly so enamored by it?
For the previous quarter-century, a personality type system has been entering Christian congregations invisibly and without notice. Some believers, on the other hand, may be pardoned for their skepticism. After all, the “Enneagram” is an old system with an unknown origin and an enigmatic term that has been given to it. Even though it is densely packed with religious words, it is not openly Christian in its approach. It is based on nine different personality types, which are organized into a chart that resembles a pentagram.
- When Franciscan Fr.
- There was an increase in interest as a result, which gradually spread into church pulpits and local groups.
- I spoke with Chris Heuertz, author of “The Sacred Enneagram: Finding Your Unique Path to Spiritual Growth,” to better understand why the Enneagram is so appealing.
- Heuertz is the co-founder of The Gravity Center and has received guidance from Mother Teresa.
- We’ll talk about why the Enneagram is so appealing to Christians, as well as how he responds to those who are critical of it.
- What is the Enneagram and how does it work?
- Zondervan provided the image for this post.
CH: That’s correct.
We deceive ourselves and others about our true identities unless we are completely honest with ourselves.
While the Enneagram may be considered a holy map to our soul, it is also a blueprint for creating character that each of us carries with us throughout our lives, but one that we do not open until we identify our personality type.
What country did it come from?
It’s possible that folk Buddhism has its own version of the Enneagram.
The Sufis of Central Asia, on the other hand, assert that they are the first practitioners.
If it is a system with thousands of years of buried history but just 60 to 70 years of use in its present form, it is an exciting moment to investigate the possibilities of what has yet to be discovered.
RNS: Let’s get started.
CH: To understand the Enneagram for the first time, I aligned each of the numbers with a distinct need that I had.
It was the progression of Father Richard Rohr’s early, yet revolutionary work on the Enneagram that led to the identification of these requirements. Here’s a diagram to help you understand:
|Type One||The Need to Be Perfect|
|Type Two||The Need to Be Needed|
|Type Three||The Need to Succeed|
|Type Four||The Need to Be Special (or Unique)|
|Type Five||The Need to Perceive (or Understand)|
|Type Six||The Need to Be Sure/Certain|
|Type Seven||The Need to Avoid Pain|
|Type Eight||The Need to Be Against|
|Type Nine||The Need to Avoid|
The Enneagram has nine mirrors that may be used for self-reflection. These nine mirrors, if we choose to look directly into them, can assist us in dispelling the illusions that led us astray and away from home in the first place. When it comes to identifying patterns in human character and archetypes, the Enneagram offers us nine different techniques. When repeated, these patterns strengthen a type of psycho-spiritual-somatic muscle memory that influences how we think, feel, and behave. I frequently introduce the Enneagram’s nine types by focusing on what inspires each one of them.
|Type One strives for principled excellence as moral duty.|
|Type Two strives for lavish love through self-sacrifice.|
|Type Three strives for appreciative recognition from curated successes.|
|Type Four strives for the discovery of identity for faithful authenticity.|
|Type Five strives for decisive clarity through thoughtful conclusions.|
|Types Six strives for steady constancy from confident loyalty.|
|Type Seven strives for imaginative freedom for inspirational independence.|
|Type Eight strives for impassioned intensity for unfettered autonomy.|
|Type Nine strives for harmonious peacefulness as congruent repose.|
It’s not just another personality type system like Meyers-Briggs or something like that; this is something far more complex. Right? You believe that the Enneagram is “holy,” don’t you? As one of my instructors, Russell Hudson, says, “Type isn’t only a type of person; it is also a road to God.” CH: I feel it is sacred because, as a map of our soul, it is a caring drawing of the possibilities that lay ahead for each individual. Rather than nine “categories of individuals,” the Enneagram is about nine routes back to our inner selves, as well as nine paths to divine love, according to the author.
- The Sacred Enneagram assists us in self-observation, assists us in telling the truth about who we really are, assists us in coming clean from our delusions and illusions, and assists us in locating the actual basis of our identity, among other things.
- According to the Sacred Enneagram, contemplative prayer practices are characterized by three fundamental postures: seclusion, quiet, and stillness.
- Elnora Turner created the illustrations (do not use without permission) RNS: The entire system appears to be strange and mysterious.
- We all identify with the reality of the Enneagram, which is that each and every one of us is lovely and cherished of God.
- Many people allow bits of their identity to claim ownership of the entirety of who they believe they are in their minds.
- This is how we end up getting ourselves into trouble.
- Using the Enneagram, we may begin an honest examination of the depths of our identity, and ultimately, of who we truly are.
The Enneagram, more than any other tool I’ve come across, assists us in accomplishing this goal.
RNS: All right.
At the very least, Catholicism may rely on history and saints for support.
RNS: You accept that this method has been used by other religions, such as Buddhism and Sufism, in the past.
CH: Without a doubt, everyone who is anchored in a religious group must appeal to their sense of truth as the launching point from which to establish their views.
It is not a scandal to assert that divine love reaches out to each and every one of us, regardless of where we are or what we do in response to it.
Rather, it implies that you must learn to put your faith in yourself and your capacity to determine how to react to truth on your own.
As it happens, the Enneagram provides just what you need: the tools and keys to develop your discernment as you learn to trust yourself and absorb divine love. MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND IN ” THE SACRED ENNEAGRAM ” BY CHRIS HEUERTZ.
The Enneagram as a tool for spiritual growth
The Enneagram is being studied by the Clergy Leadership Academy, clergy covenant groups, New City Church, and a number of other groups and people around the Minnesota Conference, and they are finding it to be a useful tool for personal and spiritual growth and reflection. I’d want to give you a general idea of what it is and how it may be a useful resource in your own religious journey by providing you with an example. What is the Enneagram and how does it work? The Enneagram is an old symbol and a model of nine that is constantly changing.
- The Enneagram is a diagram that depicts how comprehensive systems function (or do not function)!
- It’s a holy map of the regions of the soul that has been created.
- “Once we grasp the nature of our personalities’ processes, we can make an informed decision about whether or not we choose to identify with them.
- The practice of becoming more present has been a fundamental component of my own training with Don Riso and Russ Hudson of The Enneagram Institute.
- It has helped me to clarify the boundaries between my genuine self and my phony self.
- I refer back to this map, known as the Enneagram, on a regular basis to assist me in living as a Christ follower.
- For spiritual growth, team development, and leadership development, this map may be incredibly beneficial (click hereto watch a video about a clergy covenant group that uses the Enneagram as its primary tool).
How can I learn more about the Enneagram?
Like driving cross-country with a Rand McNally Road Atlas or using Google Maps to navigate, you begin by defining your current location, your “home territory,” or kind of travel, and then exploring the routes that will take you to your desired destination.
It is recommended that you take the RHETI (Riso-Hudson Enneagram Type Indicator), which is available for $12 through The Enneagram Institute.
The evaluations will provide you with a general concept of the areas or kinds, which you may then explore in further depth by reading about the Enneagram or attending seminars or retreats on the subject of personality types.
(This is mandatory reading for Clergy Leadership Academy participants in the 2018-2019 academic year.) The Enneagram of the Sacred by Chris Heuertz is an American actor and director.
Beatrice Chestnut’s The Complete Enneagram: 27 Paths to Greater Self-Awareness is a book about the Enneagram.
What Kind of Leader Do You Consider Yourself to Be?
In Deep Living: Transforming Your Relationship to Everything That Matters Using the Enneagram, by David Eagleman Roxanne Howe-Murphy is a writer and actress.
A Typology of Podcasts: “The Road Back to You” What is the Enneagram’s Journey? Jody Thone is the director of leadership development for the Minnesota Annual Conference of The United Methodist Church. She has over 20 years of experience in the church.
Why the Enneagram of Personality is becoming popular with Christians and other faith groups
Sandra Smith is perplexed as to why the Enneagram has gained such popularity in religious organizations in recent years. She speculated that it may be due of social media, or that it might be because of the widespread practice of classifying one another. The Enneagram, on the other hand, is not a typing system, according to Smith, a trained consultant and teacher of the Enneagram. In it, the question is, ‘How can I prevent my heart from giving and accepting love?’ Thursday, a group of spiritual directors and clergy convened at Church Health to learn more about the Enneagram, a tool that maps out nine personality types and delves into the strengths, problems, and prevailing emotions that each type demonstrates.
- Parts of it, such as its sign with nine points in a circle, date back thousands of years.
- Smith is keen to point out that the Enneagram is not a Christian symbol, despite the fact that she teaches it in a number of Christian institutions.
- The Enneagram was popularized even more in the 1990s and early 2000s by Franciscan Fr.
- In his opening remarks to the gathering at Church Health, Smith stated that “the junction of personality and spirituality is sacred ground for me.” Then she urged individuals to search their hearts for a good phrase to share with others.
‘Who am I?’
A group of clergy, spiritual directors, and therapists gathered on Thursday to hear from Smith, who has been teaching the Enneagram for almost 20 years. Smith shared his insights on how the Enneagram “gets to the essence of who we are” with the gathering. A fundamental religious question is, “Who am I?” says the author. Smith expressed himself. “If I don’t know who I am or if I am unable to be present to myself, I am not available to anybody else but myself.” It’s impossible to be open to others or to the Holy One if I’m not available to myself first.
Without being fully present with myself, I have no idea who I am.” Those in attendance on Thursday did so for a variety of reasons.
Edith Love’s desire that the Enneagram will be used to help members of the activist community better understand themselves, especially those who are dealing from significant trauma, according to her.
As a chaplain for children’s hospitals, the Rev. David Marshall claims that the Enneagram helps him see the connection between his personality and the reason he picked his current job.
‘Centers of intelligence’ can play a role in creating a worship service
The Enneagram is made up of nine personality types, each of which is represented by a point on a star-like figure. The perfectionist or the reformer are both terms used to describe number one. Two is frequently referred to as the helper or the people-pleaser. The achiever is represented by number three, the individualist by number four, and so on. Smith, on the other hand, urged the group against allowing preconceptions to define them. It’s not the complete tale of who we are when we begin with our type, she emphasized.
- It provides us with a set of keys, and the first key that we can utilize, which is a really significant step forward, is determining where we should direct our attention.
- And that, she explained, might be taken into consideration while planning worship services.
- She believes that it is necessary for persons who identify as such to be among others without having to speak or play a role, and that worship services should include a period of communal quiet.
- And, according to Smith, tales may help eights, nines, and ones feel more valuable by providing them with a sense of purpose.
Enneagram has faced pushback, but remains popular
As the Enneagram has gained favor within religious communities, it has also come under fire from some quarters. Some Evangelicals have expressed dissatisfaction with the Enneagram system’s ties to mysticism or Gnosticism, as well as the idea that Ichazo received the system in a dream, as if it were a gift from an angel. An assessment of the Enneagram was released in 2010 by the Lutheran Church – Missouri Synod, who stated that it might be a “pretty safe instrument if used purely to explore personality features,” but that its “spiritual linkages make the Enneagram program spiritually deceitful and hazardous.” The Enneagram has also been a source of contention for the Catholic Church, with the Vatican stating in a 2003 declaration that the Enneagram, “when utilized as a tool for spiritual growth, introduces uncertainty into the doctrine and practice of the Christian faith.” Despite this, the Enneagram continues to gain popularity.
Smith offers Enneagram seminars to a diverse group of people, including United Methodists, Episcopalians, Presbyterians, and others.
She said that certain Unitarian Universalist seminaries require students to identify their personality type before they may graduate. According to a Google search, Enneagram seminars are being offered by Catholic parishes, retreat houses, and chaplains’ groups.
‘It showed me where my blind spots and my pitfalls were’
- After lunch on Thursday, the participants in Smith’s course were separated into smaller groups according to their personality types. Big groups of twos (the helpers), large groups of eights (the challengers), and a few smaller groups of the other sorts make up the group. Smith invited them to share their experiences with one another, both their successes and their failures. Rather of focusing on how they would utilize the Enneagram with others, many participants were more interested in learning how they might use the Enneagram to better understand and develop themselves as individuals. Lori Guy, a type four who leads, isn’t in a leadership position at her church, but she opted to go regardless since she has found the Enneagram to be beneficial in her personal spiritual practice. Many years ago, she discovered that her personal biases and opinions were restricting her ability to pray and study the Bible effectively, she explained. According to her, the Enneagram has helped her recognize how she might benefit from the personality qualities of others, which she has found useful. As a type four, Guy admits that his fixations come in the way of his work. When it comes to the Christian faith, all nine categories are a representation of Jesus,” says the author. There is no one sort of person that possesses complete insight. I really battle with leading with the kind and thinking that once you become a Christian is believing at my finest most glorified four that I’m anyway similar to Jesus, which is one of the things I really struggle with. I’m not one of them. Everything else is a set of character traits and characteristics that characterize a spiritually evolved individual.” After discovering the Enneagram for the first time, independent spiritual director Linda Douty Mischke described the experience as “revelationary and profound.” “It revealed to me where my blind spots and hazards were,” Mischke said of the experience. “And I considered myself to be a fairly self-aware individual – I was mistaken. Knowing oneself makes it easier to be receptive to getting to know another person.” It helps her to be more “out of the way” while aiding a client and to be a better spiritual director since she understands her three-dimensional personality qualities, which include how much she is task-oriented. Mischke explained that “one of the key precepts of the religious community is to love your neighbor as yourself.” In the words of Dr. Seuss: “If you don’t know and love yourself, it’s very difficult to know and love someone else.” Katherine Burgess is a journalist who focuses on county administration, religion, and the suburbs. [email protected], 901-529-2799, and on Twitter @kathsburgess are all ways to get in touch with her.
Traditional Enneagram (History) — The Enneagram Institute
Even though the Enneagram of Personality Types is a modern synthesis of several old wisdom traditions, Oscar Ichazo is credited with being the one who first conceptualized and implemented the system. Born in Bolivia, Ichazo grew up there, and also in Peru, before moving to Argentina as a teenager to study at an inner-work school he had come across. Ichazo has been described as “a man of many faces.” Following that, he traveled around Asia, acquiring further information before returning to South America, where he began to put together a methodical approach to all he had learnt.
He taught in Chile throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s before relocating to the United States, where he lived until his death in 2020.
A group of American students, including noted psychologists and writers Claudio Naranjo and John Lilly, traveled to Arica, Chile to study with Ichazo and to gain firsthand experience with the methods for achieving self-realization that he had developed during his time in South America.
The Arica school, like any serious system of inner work, is a vast, interwoven, and at times complex body of teachings on psychology, cosmology, metaphysics, spirituality, and other topics, all of which are combined with various practices to bring about transformations in the consciousness of the individual practitioner.
- (Neither Don Riso nor Russ Hudson were involved with this school, and as a result, they cannot describe it accurately.
- The Enneagramsymbol has ancient origins that may be traced back at least as far as Pythagoras’s writings on the subject of geometry.
- Gurdjieff generally taught the symbol through a sequence of holy dances or movements, which were intended to provide the practitioner with a direct, felt understanding of the meaning of the symbol and the processes it represented, according to the tradition.
- Gurdjieff did disclose to advanced students what he referred to as their defining characteristic.
- Gurdjieff was known for utilizing colorful language to characterize a person’s most distinguishing characteristic, frequently employing the Sufi custom of informing the person what sort of idiot they was.
- However, Gurdjieff never taught anything about the Enneagram symbol or a method of analyzing character that is connected to it.
As a result, there is a common and incorrect assumption that the Enneagram system was passed down orally from the Sufis or from some other ancient school as a continuous “oral heritage.” It is true that Ichazo relied on his understanding of a number of such traditions in order to create the Enneagram symbol; nonetheless, the particular mix of those traditions associated with the sign is all his invention.
In this way, the “Traditional Enneagram” only dates back to the 1960s, when Ichazo began teaching it, despite the fact that the philosophy behind the Enneagram incorporates elements from mystical Judaism and Christianity as well as elements from Islamic philosophy, Taoism, Buddhism, and ancient Greek philosophy (particularly Socrates, Plato, and the Neo-Platonists), all of which have roots that date back to antiquity.
Previously, in Personality Types(11-26), we provided a more detailed history of the system; however, in this section, we will look at the fundamentals of the Enneagram system established by Ichazo.
The Enneagram of the Passions, the Enneagram of the Virtues, the Enneagram of the Fixations, and the Enneagram of the Holy Ideas are some of the names given to these diagrams.
Ichazo’s own comments on the subject: “A distinction must be made between the essence of a man and the man as shown in his ego or personality.
When this occurs, several things happen: the ego begins to grow, karma accumulates, a transition occurs from objectivity to subjectivity, and man is transformed from essence into personhood.” (See Ichazo’s interviews on page 9 for further information.) The Enneagram, in this regard, was seen by Ichazo as a method of delving further into intricacies pertaining to the organization of the human soul, and specifically into the manner in which true soul characteristics of Essence became distorted, or constricted into states of ego.
- His Enneagram ideas were based on a subject that has appeared repeatedly in Western mystical and philosophical tradition: the idea of nine holy forms.
- During the third century of our era, the Neo-Platonic thinkers, notably Plotinus, advanced this concept even farther in his key book, The Enneads, which is still in print today.
- It was accepted by early Christian mystics known as the Desert Fathers, who devoted their lives to researching the loss of the Divine Forms in the ego awareness of their day.
- Exactly how the originalnineforms were reduced to sevendeadly crimes throughout their journey from Greece to Egypt over the period of a century is still a mystery to this day.
- A design known as the Tree of Life is at the heart of Kabbalah (Etz Hayimin Hebrew).
- The diagram is made up of ten spheres (Sefirot) that are connected by 22 routes that are arranged in a certain way.
- (10 spheres total; the first sphere, Keter, is reserved for the Messiah, leaving nine other spheres for the rest of humankind).
- 4 According to this doctrine, there are many types of souls—different emanations or aspects of the Divine Unity—and that there are different sorts of souls.
- In line with the western mystical tradition, he referred to the higher, fundamental elements of the human mind as the Holy Ideas, which means “holy ideas.” Each Holy Idea is accompanied with a Virtue that corresponds to it.
- People lose knowledge and presence as they slip away from Essence into the trance of the personality.
- While everyone has the ability to embody all of the Holy Ideas and Virtues, one pair of them is particularly important to the soul’s identity.
As a result, the loss of this pair is felt most acutely, and the person’s ego is most preoccupied with trying to recreate it, albeit in a futile and self-defeating manner. Take a look at the diagram below. Ego distortions and higher essence qualities are related in a number of ways.
The Virtues, Passions, Holy Ideas, and Fixations
In this approach, the Passions and Ego-fixations symbolize the ways in which spiritual attributes are reduced to ego states. In accordance with Ichazo’s philosophy, there are nine major ways in which we lose our center and become confused in our thinking. These nine methods are also the nine ways in which we lose our connection with the Divine. (Think of the Passions as our wild animal nature before it is altered by touch with higher forces like as awareness and Grace.) In light of this particular relationship between the higher qualities of the soul and their corresponding ego distortions, a person who uses presence and awareness to recognize the pattern of their distortion—their characteristic passion and ego-fixation—can come to recognize the quality of Essence that had previously gone unnoticed.
By recalling or meditating the greater quality, it is possible to restore equilibrium, so speeding up the individual’s realization of themselves as their own essence.
The Virtues are the natural outpouring of a heart that has been awakened.
“An essential individual will be in regular contact with them merely by virtue of his or her being in his or her body.
The personality then seeks to compensate by pursuing interests that are meaningful to him or her.” (Interviews with Oscar Ichazo, on page 19 of the book.) A fundamental emotional reaction to reality brought on by a lack of communication with our Essential nature, with the source of our Being, with our actual identity as Spirit or Essence, the Passions indicate a deep emotional response to reality.
- When we lose someone we care deeply about, the underlying sadness, humiliation, and grief that comes with it are great, and our ego is pushed to come up with an appropriate method of emotionally coping with our loss.
- As a result, we can restore the Virtue if we recognize that the Passion is a distortion of a fundamental and essential Virtue.
- It is possible to progressively convert the Passion by recalling the Virtue while in a condition of present.
- The Holy Ideas are special non-dual views on Essence — precise methods of knowing and acknowledging the oneness of Being — that are unique to each individual.
- The loss of a Holy Idea results in a certain sort of ego-delusion about oneself or reality, which is referred to as the type’s Ego-fixation.
- Understanding our type’s Holy Idea from the perspective of our type’s Holy Idea serves as an antidote to the ego-fixation once more.
6 The Enneagram of the Virtues, created by Oscar Ichazo The Enneagram of the Passions, created by Oscar Ichazo The Enneagram of the Holy Ideas, created by Oscar Ichazo Ego-Fixations as seen in Oscar Ichazo’s Enneagram of the Ego-FixationsFootnotes
- Interviews with Oscar Ichazo, published by Arica Press in 1982, is a very good read. If you want to get a sense of Ichazo’s overall philosophy, read this book. It also explains in simple language his orientation and use of Enneagrams, or “Enneagons,” as he calls them
- Ichazo has referred to the Enneagram as the “Ninth Seal of Pythagoras,” see Goldberg, 1993
- And if you want to know more about Ichazo, read this book. No claim is made that we are representatives of Ichazo’s teachings, but we would like to share our own interpretation of a few of them based on our own experience with the system over the previous few decades. See Z’ev ben Shimon Halevi’s Adam and the Kabbalistic Tree, published by Weiser in 1974. In the next page, he explains the relationship that exists between the sefirot and the patriarchs. Read also Howard Addison’s The Enneagram and Kabbala, published by Jewish Lights Press in 1998
- For a more in-depth study of the Passions, see Claudio Naranjo’s Character and Neurosis, published by Gateways in 1994
- And The Enneagram and Kabbala, published by Jewish Lights Press in 1998.
Interviews with Oscar Ichazo, published by Arica Press in 1982, is a book we especially like. Ichazo refers to the Enneagram as the “Ninth Seal of Pythagoras,” and he explains his orientation and usage of Enneagons, or “Enneagons,” as he refers to them, in simple language. Ichazo has referred to the Enneagram, or “Enneagons,” as he refers to them; see Goldberg, 1993, for more information. As such, we make no claim to be representatives of Ichazo’ s teachings, but instead seek to give our own interpretations of some of his teachings based on our own experience with his system over the previous few decades.
He explains the link between the sefirot and the patriarchs on page 66.
How the Enneagram helps in spiritual direction — The Sabbath Life
Consider the possibility of discovering that you are normal. Consider the relief of discovering that you are not alone. Consider the possibility of learning that there is nothing wrong with you at all. Consider the scenario in which you are bumbling around in a dark room and suddenly discover the light switch. This is what I discovered when I looked into the Enneagram. “Wait,” you say, “what do you mean, the innia-what?” The Enneagram is a method for categorizing people according to their personalities.
- It’s your operating system, the way you’re hard-wired on the inside that determines how you behave.
- You may discover why you are unhappy in your career, why you have continual conflict with your spouse, or why you feel like a square peg in a round hole when you attend church.
- Yes, you like assisting others and/or wishing to make a difference in the world.
- What is the monetary reward for your efforts?
- These questions are answered by the Enneagram.
- Each kind possesses incredible abilities, but each type also possesses a dark side.
- Any personality type may become an excellent pastor, nurse, or police officer.
Type ONE: The Perfectionist or Reformer
Whenever I think about the number ONE on the Enneagram, I’m reminded of the moment at the opening of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, where young Indiana emerges from the cave to see that his scout unit has turned their backs on him. “Everyone else has gone astray but me,” he boasts. Ones are visionaries who have the ability to see a perfect world. There is only one problem with this: it only exists in their minds. They’re idealists, to put it mildly. A nagging sensation that nothing is good enough motivates them to pursue the illusive goal of doing things just right, no matter how difficult it may seem.
If you are your own toughest critic, not only in your spiritual life, but also in the rest of your life, you may be a ONE (one hundred percent).
Even if you’ve tried every approach for finding quiet time, there’s a good chance you believe you might be doing it better. A spiritual director can assist you in accepting grace in all of its forms.
Type TWO: The Helper
The church in North America is a big fan of the number TWO. The TWO are unable to keep themselves from assisting others. They are the first to offer their services. They genuinely like serving others. When you arrive at a party, they’ll be the first ones to greet you and fetch you a beverage. A TWO will take care of all of your requirements. TWO’s have a real affection for other people. However, it may come at the price of their own wellbeing. They are able to see everyone else’s requirements, but not their own.
If you’ve ever found yourself obsessing over whether or not others are taking notice of all of your hard work and service, you could be a TWO personality type.
You devote so much of your time and energy to helping others that you neglect your own well-being.
A spiritual director can assist you in establishing your identity in God’s love rather than in how much others require your services.
Type THREE: The Performer or Achiever
The THREE plays are necessary for victory. Their native language is competition, and their love language is productivity. They are the ultimate winners. They are effective in their work. The number THREE is celebrated throughout the day in American culture. A THREE might be a natural leader, but they can have difficulties with interpersonal connections. Being is much simpler to do than it is to be. For a THREE to default into “the aim justifies the means,” stomping all over people and their sentiments, is a simple matter of course.
The THREE might be just as forgetful as the TWO when it comes to self-care.
A spiritual director can assist you in learning to embrace silence and to put your confidence in God’s long-term plan.
Type FOUR: The Romantic or Individualist
The Enneagram is a type of diagram. FOUR has a very different view on the world than the rest of us. The FOUR’s are not afraid to try something new. They don’t only think outside of the box; they live outside of the box as well. They are motivated by a desire to stand out from the crowd. A large number of FOURs are artists or work in the creative industries. They have brilliant ideas, and they are really creative. They seem completely at home in the midst of sadness and gloom. When it comes to emotions, especially their own, they are easily captured.
If you believe that the Enneagram, or any other personality classification for that matter, is absolutely ludicrous, you could be a FOUR type.
If you are a FOUR, you may be motivated by a strong sense of aesthetics, and spiritual guidance can help you discover God’s beauty and presence even in the most banal and everyday situations.
A spiritual director can assist you in healing from previous injuries and preventing you from becoming enmeshed in them.
Type FIVE: The Investigator
The Enneagram is a type of personality assessment tool that It’s impossible to describe how FOUR views the world. They are not afraid to be different. The think outside the box, but they also live outside the box when it comes to how they conduct their lives. Those who want to be different are motivated by a desire to stand out. A large number of FOURs are artists or work in the creative industries in one capacity or another. This group of individuals has fantastic ideas. Mourning is a place where they feel completely at ease.
As a rule, FOUR’s think in the other direction.
They live by the motto, “You don’t know who I am.” As a FOUR, you may be motivated by a strong sense of aesthetics, and spiritual guidance may help you discover God’s beauty and presence even in the most banal and regular situations.
Type SIX: The Loyalist
The number SIX on the Enneagram represents loyalty and compassion. Because they would never let you down, you want to be friends with someone who is a SIX. The SIX, like the FIVE, is an exceptional listener. The SIX, like the ONE, has a natural tendency to obey the rules. However, whereas a ONE follows the rules in order to be right, a SIX follows the rules in order to be protected. A SIX is motivated by the desire to maintain security. Frequently, they are imagining the worst-case scenario and acting it out in their heads.
Worry is their natural language, and they can’t stop worrying.
Via focused prayer and meditation, a SIX can find escape from their ever-present worry through spiritual direction.
Type SEVEN: The Enthusiast
Six on the Enneagram is devoted and compassionate, as indicated by the letter SI. Your best buddy should be a SIX since they will never fail to meet your expectations. When it comes to listening skills, the SIX is right up there with the FIVE! A natural rule follower, the SIX, like the ONE, is represented by the number SIX. However, whereas a ONE follows the rules in order to be right, a SIX follows the rules in order to be secure. A SIX is motivated by the want to be safe. Worst-case scenarios are routinely rehearsed in their heads by them.
It is the SIX’s belief that if anything can go wrong, it is a matter of when rather than whether it will happen.
By practicing focusing prayer and meditation under spiritual guidance, a SIX can find relief from their ever-present worry. SIX can benefit from the guidance of a spiritual director who can help them believe that all will be well in the end.
Type EIGHT: The Challenger
An EIGHT may be either your best friend or your worst enemy depending on the situation. EIGHT’s compassion is enormous, especially for the down-and-out, the little guy, and the underprivileged, and they rely on this immense potential to help them. The EIGHT’s make excellent advocates and attorneys. The world of the EIGHT is a realm of black and white contrasts. They have an instinctive understanding of what is right and wrong. They will come to your aid if they believe you have been taken advantage of by one of the EIGHT.
An EIGHT is a person who thrives in situations of conflict and confrontation.
A spiritual director can assist you in discovering your own inner strength in times of weakness.
Type NINE: The Peacemaker
The NINEs on the Enneagram have an inbuilt sense of empathy, according to the theory. They are good at building bridges and have a natural ability to see both sides of a situation. 9s are satisfied to go with the flow of events. They are the most relaxed of all the different varieties. Instead of blending in to get an advantage, the NINE blends in so that they do not become a nuisance to anyone in their environment. If your default reaction to the question “Where do you want to go out?” is “I don’t know, anywhere you want to go,” you could be a NINE.
- A spiritual director may be able to assist you in uncovering your actual self behind the layers of other people’s expectations that you have buried yourself beneath.
- There are a variety of ways in which each type is linked to the others, both during times of stress and during periods of mature development.
- With the assistance of a spiritual director, you may begin to identify and explore your kind.
- There is also a connected website with a large number of audio materials that deconstructs the Enneagram.
The Spiritual Dimension of the Enneagram: Nine Faces of the Soul: Maitri, Sandra: 9781585420810: Amazon.com: Books
A natural feeling of empathy is possessed by NINEs on the Enneagram. It is their gift to establish bridges between people and to perceive things from various perspectives. 9s are satisfied to go with the flow of things. Compared to the other categories, they are the most laid back. Instead of blending in to get an advantage, the NINE blends in so that they do not become a nuisance to anyone in their surroundings. If your default reaction to the question “Where do you want to go out?” is “I don’t know, anywhere you want to go,” you may be a NINE personality type.
It is possible that a spiritual director may assist you in uncovering your genuine self underneath the layers of demands placed on you by others.
During times of stress and mature growth, there are several ways in which each kind is linked to the others.
In collaboration with a spiritual director, you may begin to identify and explore your kind.
Associated with this website is an audio library that delves into the Enneagram’s many levels of complexity.
Top reviews from other countries
5.0 stars out of 5 for this product This song hits right to the heart of who we are! On September 2, 2012, it was reviewed in the United Kingdom, and it was verified as a purchase. I am a student of and ardent supporter of the Enneagram. So far, I have a library of perhaps ten to twelve books, the most of which are of the personality-descriptive variety. These have been really beneficial, and I have acquired so much insight into myself as a result that I wouldn’t have been able to function without them.
Despite the fact that I had mistyped myself countless times over the years, this book goes more to the core of the kinds and I was finally able to type myself with confidence.
5.0 stars out of 5 for this product I would suggest this book to anyone who is interested in learning more about the spiritual.
Sandra Maitri writes on the spiritual aspects of the Enneagram with incredible clarity and precision.
I would suggest this book to anyone who is interested in learning more about the spiritual components of the enneagram.
The author has written an excellent book that takes a psychological perspective to this old technique of personality discovery.
On June 7, 2018, a reviewer in the United Kingdom expressed satisfaction with their purchase.
Sandra Maitri’s work is essential reading if you wish to go deeper into the subject.5.0 out of 5 stars This is a very fantastic book.
Purchase that has been verified This is an absolutely fantastic book.
The spiritual dimension, as well as the explanation of how this impacts our soul and our existence, strikes a deep emotional chord within me.