What are the most common hallucinogens?
- Ayahuasca. Sometimes called hoasca,aya,and yage,ayahuasca is brewed from plants containing DMT along with an Amazonian vine that prevents the normal breakdown of DMT in the digestive system.
- 1 What religion uses hallucinogens?
- 2 Are psychedelics legal for religion?
- 3 What does the Bible say on drugs?
- 4 What does Buddhism say about psychedelics?
- 5 Can illegal drugs be used in religious ceremonies?
- 6 Where does Ibogaine come from?
- 7 What are the laws on psychedelics?
- 8 Is smoking a sin?
- 9 Are drugs mortal sin?
- 10 How can God help me with addiction?
- 11 Did Buddhists take psychedelics?
- 12 Are psychedelics useful in the practice of Buddhism?
- 13 What are five precepts in Buddhism?
- 14 Spiritual Effects of Hallucinogens Persist, Johns Hopkins Researchers Report – 07/01/2008
- 15 The Spirituality of Psychedelic Drug Users
- 16 Psychopharmacology Essential Reads
- 17 Psychedelics show religion isn’t the only route to spirituality
- 18 Jews, Christians, and Muslims Are Reclaiming Ancient Psychedelic Practices, And That Could Help With Legalization
- 19 Psychedelics as Catalysts of Spiritual Development
- 20 PsychedelicsSpiritual Development
- 21 Long-term Benefits of ‘Peak’ or Mystical Experiences
- 21.1 “It is well known that highly profound psychological experiences, whatever their cause, can lead individuals to question prior assumptions and change their behavior and outlook, sometimes in a fundamental and lasting way. In a similar way, psychedelics may serve as a kind of ‘existential shock’ therapy, confronting individuals with the illusory nature of their self or ego and its attachments.” – Alexander Lebedev
- 22 Study suggests psychedelics promote positive mental health through increased spirituality and emotion regulation
What religion uses hallucinogens?
Hinduism. Hinduism has a history of psychedelic usage going back to the Vedic period. The oldest scriptures of Hinduism Rigveda(1500 BCE), mentions ritualistic consumption of a divine psychedelic known as soma. There are many theories about the recipe of Soma.
Are psychedelics legal for religion?
Although the importation, manufacture and use of psychedelics is prohibited under the CSA, the Supreme Court has looked unfavorably on the imposition of generally applicable laws to sincere religious belief since the passage of the RFRA (e.g. Hobby Lobby).
What does the Bible say on drugs?
1 Corinthians 6:19-20 These lines speak to taking care of your body. You should not harm that which was created by God in His image. Substance abuse of any kind certainly harms the body and the mind. It can also lead to self-harming and even death.
What does Buddhism say about psychedelics?
Buddhist traditions are characterized by features that indicate the influences of psilocybin: rapid, in one life-time enlightenment (peak psychedelic experiences); extensive visualization exercises (facilitated by psilocybin effects on the visual system); and non-dualism (ego-loss caused by psilocybin).
Can illegal drugs be used in religious ceremonies?
The Supreme Court ruled today that governments may prosecute those who use illegal drugs as part of religious rituals. It said such prosecutions were not a violation of the constitutional guarantee of religious freedom.
Where does Ibogaine come from?
ibogaine, hallucinogenic drug and the principal iboga alkaloid, found in the stems, leaves, and especially in the roots of the African shrub Tabernanthe iboga. Ibogaine was isolated from the plant in 1901 and was synthesized in 1966. In small doses it acts as a stimulant.
What are the laws on psychedelics?
In January 2020, Santa Cruz, California, voted unanimously to decriminalize the adult possession and cultivation of psilocybin. Commercial sale of psilocybin is still illegal.
Is smoking a sin?
The Roman Catholic Church does not condemn smoking per se, but considers excessive smoking to be sinful, as described in the Catechism (CCC 2290): The virtue of temperance disposes us to avoid every kind of excess: the abuse of food, alcohol, tobacco, or medicine.
Are drugs mortal sin?
Vatican Includes Drugs and Wealth in New Sin List: NPR. Vatican Includes Drugs and Wealth in New Sin List In an effort to keep up with the modern world, the Vatican has announced a list of seven new mortal sins.
How can God help me with addiction?
Reading the Bible and praying each morning helps you build a routine based on joy and positivity. You can repent and ask for His forgiveness, and you can find solace in praying for others. When you feel temptation creeping up on you, you can ask God to give you the strength to stay sober.
Did Buddhists take psychedelics?
In the legendary biographies of some Buddhist adepts from the 2nd- and 9th-centuries there are some clues which can be interpreted to reveal that the adepts were consuming psychedelic Amanita muscaria, ‘fly agaric’, mushrooms to achieve enlightenment.
Are psychedelics useful in the practice of Buddhism?
The author has found the informed use of psychedelics to be a valuable tool in accelerating proficiency and deepening meditative practice and offers recommendations for suc- cessful use.
What are five precepts in Buddhism?
The Five Precepts
- Refrain from taking life. Not killing any living being.
- Refrain from taking what is not given. Not stealing from anyone.
- Refrain from the misuse of the senses. Not having too much sensual pleasure.
- Refrain from wrong speech.
- Refrain from intoxicants that cloud the mind.
Spiritual Effects of Hallucinogens Persist, Johns Hopkins Researchers Report – 07/01/2008
A related study outlines safety precautions to take when doing hallucinogen research. In a follow-up study to previous findings that psilocybin, a compound found in “holy mushrooms,” has significant spiritual benefits, a Johns Hopkins team reveals that those good effects appear to linger for more than a year after the mushroom has been consumed. The Johns Hopkins researchers report in the Journal of Psychopharmacology that the majority of the 36 volunteer subjects who took psilocybin under controlled conditions in a Hopkins study published in 2006 continued to report that the experience increased their sense of well-being or life satisfaction 14 months later.
Researchers make guidelines for undertaking this sort of study in a linked publication that was also published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology.
In addition, detailed instructions are supplied for preparing participants and giving psychological support to them before and after their hallucinogen encounter.
According to the paper’s lead author, Mathew W.
The two publications follow up on the findings of the previous study.
Religious, divinatory, and therapeutic uses of psilocybin-containing mushrooms have been practiced in certain civilizations for hundreds of years or more and have been utilized for a variety of purposes including healing and divination.
The findings revealed that approximately the same proportion of volunteers rated their participation in the study as the single most meaningful or spiritually significant event of their lives, or as one of the top five most meaningful or spiritually significant events of their lives, and that they perceived it as having increased their sense of well-being or life satisfaction.
- This lends validity to the assertions that the mystical-type experiences that some individuals have when using hallucinogens may be beneficial to cancer patients suffering from anxiety or sadness, as well as serving as a potential cure for drug addiction.
- Using hallucinogens in less-well-supervised circumstances, the study team warns, might result in dangerous conduct due to the likely fear or anxiety reactions that may occur.
- A number of other researchers, including Matthew W.
- McCann, M.D., of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; psychologist William A.
Richards of the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center; and Robert Jesse of the Council on Spiritual Practices in San Francisco, also contributed to this work.
The Spirituality of Psychedelic Drug Users
Psychedelic substances, including LSD,psilocybin, and mescaline, have long had a link with spiritual endeavors. For example, hallucinogenic herbs, such as psilocybe mushrooms, peyote, and ayahuasca have long been employed in shamanic traditions in the Americas (LernerLyvers, 2006). (LernerLyvers, 2006). Recent study has demonstrated that providing psychedelic substances in a supportive atmosphere can give powerful spiritual experiences. For example, a recent study found that about 60 percent of volunteers in an experiment on the effects ofpsilocybin, who had never before used psychedelic drugs, had a “complete mystical experience,” characterised by experiences such as unity with all things, transcendence of time and space, a sense of insight into the ultimate nature of reality, and feelings of ineffability, awe, and profound positive emotions such as joy, peace, and love (Griffiths, Richards, McCann,Jesse, 2006).
- (Griffiths, Richards, McCann,Jesse, 2006).
- A research by Lerner and Lyvers (2006) contrasted persons who used large doses of traditional psychedelic drugs (e.g.
- (Only high-dose psychedelic drug users were included, as large dosages are necessary to elicit mystical experiences.
- Psychedelic drug users also claimed they put higher emphasis onspiritualityand care for others, and less weight on material prosperity, than the other two groups.
Spirituality in this latter research was described as “one’s relationship to God, or whatever you consider to be Ultimate Transcendence.” These findings show that persons who take psychedelic drugs consider themselves more spiritual, and potentially less materialistic, than people who prefer other substances or who do not use illicit drugs at all.
- Lerner and Lyvers say that the answer is probably a combination of both as those on a spiritual journey are more likely to use these drugs and their subsequent experiences may reinforce and deepen their spiritual ideals and beliefs.
- A research on psilocybin by Griffiths et al.
- One of the key elements of mystical experience is “an intuitive feeling that the experience is a source of objective truth about the nature of reality” (MacLean, Johnson,Griffiths, 2011).
- As indicated previously, nearly 60 percent of volunteers in the Griffiths et al.
- From this, it is plausible to infer that one of the results of the mystical experience was to convince participants that consciousness did endure beyond death.
- Peoplehigh in openness to experiencealso tend to endorse more mystical and spiritual beliefs, although they may also endorse less conventional religious belief.
- There is a subculture of people called “psychonauts” who are interested in taking psychedelic drugs for purposes of self-exploration, which can include religious and spiritual motives.
- referred to such purposes as autognosis(self-knowledge) and found that autognosis was one of the main motives for using psychedelic drugs and for preferring them to other drugs.
- This would seem to indicate that some people are more likely than others to “benefit” from psychedelic drugs, in terms of having a profound spiritual experience.
- Having examined that psychedelic drugs may be favorable to mystical and spiritual ideas and experiences, it may be interesting contemplating what benefits psychedelic drug usage could offer.
- (2008) found that 14 months after taking psilocybin for the first time, nearly two-thirds of volunteers rated the experience in the top five for both most personally meaningful and most spiritually significant experience in their entire lives.
About 64 percent said the experience had increased their personal well-being and life satisfaction. Having a mystical experience while on psilocybin appeared to play a central role in these high ratings of personal meaning and spiritual significance.
Psychopharmacology Essential Reads
Psychedelic substances, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline, have long been associated with spiritual endeavors, and this link continues today. As an example, hallucinogenic plants such as psilocybe mushrooms, peyote, and ayahuasca have long been employed in shamanic traditions in the Americas, including psilocybe mushroom infusions and peyote tinctures (LernerLyvers, 2006). In recent study, it has been shown that taking psychedelic substances in a supportive environment can result in deep spiritual experiences.
- Given the relationship between psychedelic drugs and mystical experiences, some recent study has examined how the spiritual views and attitudes of psychedelic drug users compare to those of non-psychedelic drug users and to those of non-drug users, among other things.
- The participants were compared to people who used other illegal drugs (primarily marijuana and amphetamines) but had never tried psychedelic drugs, as well as people who had never used illegal drugs but had never tried psychedelic drugs.
- Individuals who are primarily interested in the perceptual benefits, such as the augmentation of music during raves, are more likely to use low doses.
- Psychedelic drug users also stated that they placed a higher priority on spirituality and care for others than the other two groups, and that they placed a lower value on material prosperity.
- 2011, Moró et al.
- Individuals who take psychedelic drugs appear to be more spiritual, and potentially less materialistic, than those who prefer other substances or do not use illicit drugs at all, according to the findings of this study.
- As suggested by Lerner and Lyvers, the answer is most likely a combination of the two since people on a spiritual search are more likely to use these substances, and their subsequent experiences may enhance and develop their spiritual ideals and views.
Researchers Griffiths and colleagues (2011) discovered that those who had never before used psychedelic substances showed long-term (measured over a period of 14 months) increases in “death transcendence,” which was measured over a period of 14 months.
An important characteristic of mystical experience is “an intuitive feeling that the experience is a source of objective truth about the nature of reality” (as defined by the American Psychological Association) (MacLean, Johnson,Griffiths, 2011).
research reported experiencing an entirely mystical experience, which they evaluated as having lasting personal meaning and spiritual value months after the event occurred.
Additionally, as previously stated, participants who had a full mystical experience while taking psilocybin had a rise in the personality domain of openness to experience as a result of their encounter.
On the other hand, a person’s motivations for using psychedelic substances in the first place are very certainly tied to their pre-existing views and values, which are discussed more below.
Móró and colleagues referred to such goals as autognosis (self-knowledge), and they discovered that autognosis was one of the most common reasons for using psychedelic substances and for preferring them over other drugs in their study.
Taking this into consideration, it would appear that certain people are more likely than others to “benefit” from psychedelic substances in the sense of experiencing a profound spiritual experience.
Once it has been shown that psychedelic drugs may be conducive to mystical and spiritual ideas and experiences, it may be worthwhile to evaluate the potential advantages of psychedelic drug usage.
(2008), 14 months after taking psilocybin for the first time, nearly two-thirds of volunteers rated the experience as one of the most personally meaningful and spiritually significant experiences of their entire lives, with the experience ranking in the top five for both categories.
In this study, participants’ high judgments of personal meaning and spiritual importance were attributed mostly to their having had a mystical experience while taking psilocybin.
- Psilocybin and the development of personality
- The effects of psilocybin on brain function
- Is it possible for the experience of awe to open the mind?
Psychedelics show religion isn’t the only route to spirituality
Psychedelic substances are currently a popular topic of discussion. These contentious chemicals are demonstrating potential as both psychiatric therapies and as research tools in cognitive neuroscience, despite widespread opposition. Even philosophers are getting into the game, having recognized the significance of psychedelic research to arguments about selfhood, moral improvement, and the purpose of life in the modern world. One especially noteworthy finding is that psychedelics have the ability to create experiences that participants regularly characterize as’spiritual.’ One participant in an ayahuasca retreat for the treatment of addiction described their experience as follows: “I had no feeling of spirituality before truly.
- That seemed like a lot of crap to begin with.
- I sincerely hope.
- However, this story is predicated on the premise that spirituality is fundamentally about a belief in something transcendent that exists “out there” – something that is not shared by everyone.
- Traditional religions have kept a stronghold on techniques that allow us to explore a deeper realm beyond the surface of ordinary life; yet, psychedelic evidence and philosophical thought demonstrate that this monopoly is unneeded in today’s world.
- Far from being a fanciful notion, the’mystical-type’ experience is a well-established term in the psychology of religion, and it appears to be significant for the therapeutic benefits of psychedelics.
- Whatever the case may be, there was no doubt that something fresh and significant had occurred in my life – something I am willing to refer to as spiritual, but only in the most circumscribed sense.
- But now I’m wondering if this is usually the case or if it’s just a coincidence.
Why should we turn to psychedelic experiences in particular for signs regarding whether spirituality and a naturalistic worldview are compatible?
In psychedelic experience, one of the most prevalent characteristics is a sensation of heightened connectedness.
Psychedelics, on the other hand, are notable for the fact that they may cause experiences that participants describe as “spiritual” despite the fact that they had no prior interest or belief in such a thing.
To determine if spirituality is necessary constantly centered on non-naturalistic notions, one apparent technique is to speak with persons who have experienced such an experience and ask them what it meant to them.
However, some of the subjects express metaphysical glimpses of what the Zen writer Alan Watts termed a ‘joyous cosmology,’ whilst other subjects do not disclose such experiences.
It appears that the situation is not as straightforward as mysticism equaling non-naturalism.
The philosopher Jerome Stone, in his paper ‘Spirituality for Naturalists’ (2012), brings together a number of similar views and distills them down to a basic set of concepts: The manifestation of spirituality occurs when our feeling of connection is heightened, when we aspire to larger things, and when we ask the big questions.
- When people have a psychedelic experience, they often report feeling a stronger sense of connection.
- Subjects report feeling more connected to their bodies, sensations, sentiments, and values, as well as to other people and the rest of the world, than they did before.
- One patient commented, “This connection, it’s just a great feeling.
- One patient who underwent psilocybin therapy for tobacco addiction shared his or her experience.
- I don’t believe I altered my principles; rather, I believe I simply recalled more of them.
- According to psychedelic experience, spiritual experience does not necessitate affiliation to any one religion or belief system.
- Users of psychedelics frequently begin asking questions that are clearly philosophical in nature and advocating traditional philosophical stances, even if they have no prior philosophical knowledge.
- None of it, however, had anything to do with cigarette addiction.
- In conclusion, psychedelic research supports the notion that connection, aspiration, and thought on important topics are all ‘means of.
- In the psychedelic state, changes in one’s sense of self are common; they are also the common component that connects tales of encounters with cosmic awareness with more naturalistic sensations of closeness, catharsis, and wonder.
For example, the default mode network, a collection of brain areas associated with’mind-wandering,’ daydreaming, and weaving autobiographical narratives about one’s life, has been connected to psychedelic use and has been found to be altered by psychedelics when used in conjunction with other drugs.
- It appears that Pollan was accurate in his assertion that spirituality may be naturalized.
- It is supported by psychedelic evidence that spirituality is about connection, ambition, and asking the great questions; that these are all ways of growing the self; and that enlarging the self in this way, with or without pharmaceutical aid, is consistent with a naturalistic worldview.
- Spirituality is about more than simply having good sensations; it is also about being in touch with the reality of things as they are.
- Subjects who rediscover their own ignored or forgotten ideals, on the other hand, are at least re-connecting with something psychologically meaningful and existentially significant about their own life.
- Additionally, individuals who are aware of their profound connectivity with other people as well as the natural world are undoubtedly becoming more in touch with an indisputable objective reality – one that we continue to disregard at our own peril.
- Because of the evidence provided by psychedelic experience, it is suggested that spiritual experience does not need commitment to any specific belief or doctrine about the nature of reality.
- Those of us who live in diverse, secular cultures must thus wrestle with the question of whether it is possible to safely and ethically make spiritual experiences, as well as the powerful technology that generate them, more publicly available.
Consider how we might make psychedelics more widely available for the benefit and enrichment of more people – not just those who have psychiatric diagnoses, but also for those of us who are merely pondering the perennial existential questions of meaning, purpose, and connection, as well as those who are’merely’ grappling with these questions.
Jews, Christians, and Muslims Are Reclaiming Ancient Psychedelic Practices, And That Could Help With Legalization
A psychedelic trip might be one of the most holy experiences a person can have in his or her life. The inclination to use a psychedelic drug for a spiritual motive, on the other hand, is frequently neglected as a justification for lifting the restriction on psychedelic drugs. Cannabis legalization is frequently used as a paradigm for the legalization of hallucinogenic drugs. The legalization of marijuana is occurring piecemeal, with the plant often being authorized for medical purposes first, and later for recreational use.
However, what this binary paradigm of medicalization versus decriminalization fails to recognize is that there is a third way of using psychedelics: obtaining legal sanction for the spiritual or religious use of psychedelic substances, which are considered sacred tools in a variety of religious traditions.
Members of Abrahamic faiths are introducing entheogens – chemicals that cause spiritual experiences — into their own rituals, citing Biblical precedent as justification for doing so.
Think about the rapidly expanding meetup group Faith+Delics, which is organized by Plant Medicine Law Group founding partner Adriana Kertzer and has grown to dozens of members in less than half a year, including rabbis, priests, professors, practitioners of Judaism, Islam, and Christianity as well as others.
(One of these organizers is Madison Margolin, who also happens to be the author of this piece.) Madison, a practicing Jew, has been observing and participating in prayer circles and Sabbath rituals with magic mushrooms, ayahuasca, MDMA, cannabis, and other entheogens for more than half of the past decade.
For example, according to one underground guide from a Hasidic background who works with plant medicine in the Jewish community, “these plants are teachers and healers, helping to heal the traumas that our people have been going through for thousands of years as a minority people in Europe and other lands, and helping us embrace our true nature, which is what we’re born from and our roots.” Many people in the community, according to him, have altered their relationships with their wives, coworkers, God, religion, and themselves as a result of working with plant medicine such as ayahuasca.
It should be noted that rituals using these plants “may be done in a non-pagan style, but interwoven into the sacred of all religions,” says the author.
However, the question remains as to whether or not persons who mix psychedelics into their current practice of a well-established religion are entitled to legal protection for their actions.
To begin, religious observance and practice are protected by the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.
He continues, “From that perspective, there is no need for anybody to approach the government in order to obtain approval for the religious use of any substance because there is no department of religion.” “Having stated that, you must place the entheogen at the center of your religious observance.” It can’t be just accidental, but must be a genuine sacrament,” says the author.
The historical precedent must be demonstrated, and I believe that you have a historical argument.
RFRA prevents the federal government from “seriously impeding a person’s exercise of religion, even if the impediment is caused by a rule that is generally applicable.” In other words, even though a drug such as ayahuasca is federally banned, religious organizations that use it for “sincere” religious objectives may be entitled to seek protection under the Religious Freedom Restoration Act.
The catch-22 is that, until a court finds that a practice is in compliance with the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, there will always be the possibility of discrimination or even punishment against those who pursue religious freedom.
In speculating whether or not a currently established religion could use a controlled substance, Ismail Ali, policy and advocacy counsel at the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS), who also advises churches in this area of the law, points to the fact that UDV and Santo Daime are syncretic religions, combining elements of other religions together.
His explanation: “They take features of a dominant religion and apply them to a minority faith.” “So, taking everything into consideration, I believe it makes it more possible that a group that uses entheogenic chemicals and is based on a currently recognized religion will be more likely to obtain an exemption,” says the author.
According to Ali, members of a certain religion may require judgements from religious authorities as well as evidence of some amount of established practice and traditions while utilizing entheogens.
Nevertheless, the issue arises as to why someone would want to include entheogens into their religious practice if there are others who worship the same faith who do not feel compelled to do so.
According to the attorney, “a court will check to see if you are just now coming up with this notion, as some cannabis religions do, and they will begin to doubt if you have a “sincerely held belief.” In the absence of further expansion of RFRA safeguards or a change in the scheduling of certain entheogens, a religious organization may invoke RFRA as a defense in the event of a criminal prosecution, such as that resulting from the seizure of sacraments by the Drug Enforcement Administration.
- “There are also additional offensive legal options, including as filing for declaratory or injunctive relief to get a court’s determination of your rights and maybe an injunction prohibiting the federal government from breaching those rights,” Wu explains.
- The Church of the Eagle and Condor is now collaborating with Chacruna to implement an innovative technique in response to incidents when ayahuasca was confiscated by the Customs and Border Patrol at the border, according to her.
- Indeed, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is just another obstacle that religious organizations may have to overcome in their quest for legal protection.
- According to Ali, the most important thing to understand is that in order to apply, you must state that your usage of the substance is essential for your practice, with the word “necessary” being the keyword.
- This procedure, according to some attorneys, is unlawful because it would compel a group or individual to self-disclose criminal activities without ensuring a positive outcome – placing them at even greater risk rather than merely less danger.
- In other words, if there is a genuine remedy available, such as the Drug Enforcement Administration procedure, the courts will not necessarily hear the matter until the organization is refused via that process first.
But the main conclusion, according to Ali, is that “the necessity of religion outweighs [the purposes of the CSA].” For example, in the case of an old-world religion, adherents may be required to demonstrate why an entheogen is so crucial to the practice now, given that such ceremonies have remained dormant for thousands of years.
For example, in Madison’s seven-plus years of reporting on the overlap of religion and psychedelics, we’ve observed that for those who would otherwise not be practicing religion at all — including secular-raised people lacking religious insipration, as well as those who’ve fled from more hardcore orthodox backgrounds — psychedelic spirituality, through the use of ayahuasca, LSD, mushrooms, and other entheogens used during holidays and rituals, has been It is said in the subterranean plant medicine handbook that “many individuals exhibit hostility to their faith.” “However, I believe that the medication is extremely helpful, assisting us in shedding our ancestral baggage, overcoming these stumbling blocks, and connecting with the Creator.”
Psychedelics as Catalysts of Spiritual Development
A key feature of the psychedelic experience is the sensation of oneness with the universe, also known as ‘ego dissolution.’ This sensation is frequently reported by research participants, who have described their participation in studies as one of the most personally significant and spiritually meaningful experiences of their lives. Psychedelics are used to induce this state of oneness with the universe. With the help of these so-called “peak” experiences, psychedelics appear to act as a’reset button,’ allowing people to alter the course of their lives.
Walter Pahnke’s 1962 Good Friday Experiment (Pahnke, 1963) offered the first scientific proof of psychedelics’ potential to create spiritually meaningful experiences, and the findings of this experiment were later validated by current research into the mystical properties of psychedelics.
When people have psychedelic experiences in a supportive therapeutic environment, between 66 percent and 86 percent of individuals who have them regard them to be one of the five most important and spiritually significant events of their life, according to a survey (Hartogsohn et al.
This deeper state of consciousness, which is associated with the dissolution of the ego, is characterized physiologically by more complex, less predictable, and more ‘entropic’ neural activity, as well as an increase in global functional connectivity (as opposed to the more common mystical psychedelic experience) (Tagliazucchi et al.
Psychoactive substances have long been associated with spirituality, dating back to the dawn of human existence. It has been argued that psychedelic plants and fungi have played an important role in the evolution of religions all over the world, and that they have been utilized as sacramental instruments for thousands of years by non-Western societies to enhance their spiritual experiences. According to a survey study conducted in 2019 by researchers from Johns Hopkins University, those who identified as atheists were more likely to abandon their identification after having a psychedelic encounter with something that seemed bigger than themselves (Griffiths et al.
One-hundred-and-fortieth page of James Oroc’s book is dedicated to his profoundly life-changing mystical experiences resulting from the smoking of 5-Meo-DMT, experiences that transformed him from “a hardened atheist who embraced an inherited cynical material-reductionist worldview” to someone who is “indelibly aware of the existence of God.” “This initial encounter was responsible for profoundly altering me into a spiritually inspired and much more hopeful human being,” he adds.
In 2009, the Tryptamine Palace was built.
“The experiences Oroc describes include radiant white light, recognition of unity and love as the organizing power of the Universe, complete dissolution of ego-identity, oneness with God, and a sometimes abrupt return to normal consciousness of one’s body,” he Psychedelics, regardless of their potential to foster spirituality, at the very least appear to increase personality qualities that are comparable to those that may be strengthened by spiritual practice, according to research.
The Beckley/Sant Pau Research Programme has conducted a number of studies.
This, in turn, has been found to assist those suffering from depression, anxiety, bereavement, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in overcoming their ailments.
A study conducted by MacLean et al. (2011) found that psilocybin-induced mystical experiences resulted in increases in the personality dimension of openness (MacLean et al. 2011), as well as long-lasting beneficial changes in attitudes, mood, and behavior (Griffiths et al. 2011).
Long-term Benefits of ‘Peak’ or Mystical Experiences
Is it possible that a spiritual awakening is at the heart of the long-term beneficial benefits of psychedelics? The existence of a relationship between mystical experiences and beneficial outcomes following psychedelic-assisted treatment has been frequently documented, and the topic has also been studied previously. In healthy individuals, the depth of the spiritual experience caused by psychedelics appears to be related to the likelihood of long-term good results in the future. Among other things, our collaborators at Maastricht University assessed Ayahuasca ceremony attendants before, immediately after, and four weeks after the ritual and found that the changes in affect, satisfaction with life, and mindfulness were significantly correlated to the level of ego dissolution experienced during the ceremony and were unrelated to prior experience with ayahuasca (Uthaug et al.
“It is well known that highly profound psychological experiences, whatever their cause, can lead individuals to question prior assumptions and change their behavior and outlook, sometimes in a fundamental and lasting way. In a similar way, psychedelics may serve as a kind of ‘existential shock’ therapy, confronting individuals with the illusory nature of their self or ego and its attachments.” – Alexander Lebedev
Pahnke, W. (1963), Drugs and Mysticism: An Analysis of the Relationship Between Psychedelic Drugs and Mystical Consciousness, New York: Columbia University Press. Tagliazucchi and colleagues (2016) found that increased global functional connectivity correlates with LSD-induced ego dissolution. Griffiths et al. 2019, Survey of subjective “God encounter experiences”: Comparisons between naturally occurring experiences and those produced by the classic psychedelics psilocybin, LSD, ayahuasca, or DMT, published in the journal Psychological Science.
2018, Predicting Responses to Psychedelics: A Prospective StudyHartogsohn et al.
2018, Predicting Responses to Psychedelics: A Prospective Study Amanda’s Opinions All
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Study suggests psychedelics promote positive mental health through increased spirituality and emotion regulation
One of the most recent studies, published in the Journal of Humanistic Psychology, gives fresh information on the mechanism that links psychedelic use to enhanced mental health. Psychedelic usage appears to be associated with increased spirituality, which, in turn, is associated with improved emotion control, according to the findings of the study. Improvements in emotion control have been shown to minimize the symptoms of sadness, anxiety, and disordered eating in the study participants. Non-Western civilizations have been using psychedelic substances such as psilocybin and ayahuasca in spiritual ceremonies for thousands of years, and this practice continues today.
- While studies have begun to identify therapeutic benefits, the exact mechanism through which these effects occur remains a mystery.
- According to the researchers, the use of psychedelics may be associated with improved mental health because it increases spiritual connection, which in turn aids emotion management.
- It will also inform the wrap-around psychotherapy, allowing for, for example, a greater emphasis on spirituality and emotion management to be encouraged.” Lafrance and her colleagues sent a questionnaire to 159 psychedelic users ranging in age from 18 to 69.
- The participants provided information on their lifetime psychedelic usage as well as a rating of their spirituality.
- It was found that the great majority (96 percent) of participants had used psilocybin in the past, and that a third (33 percent) of individuals had used more than one sort of psychedelic.
- They also discovered that those who had more difficulty managing their emotions had higher scores on depression, anxiety, and disordered eating tests than those who did not.
- Finally, using a mediation model, it was discovered that psychedelic usage was associated with depression, anxiety, and disordered eating in a way that was indirect, including spirituality and emotion control.
- They claim that their findings contribute to the growing body of evidence suggesting psychedelics have therapeutic advantages in some situations.
- They recommend that longitudinal and experimental controlled trials be done in order to replicate their findings and aid in the establishment of causation.
- It is the writers’ responsibility to point forth the ramifications of their results.
They suggest that mental health clinicians may want to assist their clients in “cultivating a greater connection with oneself, others, the natural world, or with spirit, and/or greater involvement with ceremonial or religious practices,” as well as “cultivating a greater connection with one’s own spirituality.” “According to the findings of this study, the field of psychotherapy in general should devote much greater attention to spirituality as a mechanism of action in traditional psychotherapy (that does not include psychedelics),” Lafrance continued.
“At the moment, many training programs recommend that spirituality be brought up as a psychotherapy issue only if the client expresses an interest in doing so.
Spirituality may be understood and expressed in a variety of ways, and if our findings are correct, it is critical that we take use of this potentially powerful agent of change.
Bird, Michelle St.
Pierre, and Zach Walsh, “Classic Psychedelic Use and Mechanisms of Mental Health: Exploring the Mediating Roles of Spirituality and Emotion Processing on Symptoms of Anxiety, Depressed Mood, and Disordered Eating in a Community Sample” was published in the journal Psychological Science.