What Are Morals For Spirituality? (Solution found)

Morality is everything that spirituality is. Being moral allows us to live honestly and purely in a world that doesn’t always take notice. Keeping morality close to us in the hub of everyday life, serves to remind us that morality and spirituality can pave the way for us to be happy, content and at peace.

What is the difference between integrity and morality?

  • Integrity is following strong moral principles while Probity of having strong moral principle. The difference is integrity means you are aware about morality and strictly following it also. However, Probity only tells that person has good knowledge morality and but whether he is following it or not is not sure.

What is example of moral spiritual?

Prayer and worship. Deep feelings of what is felt to be ultimately important. A sense of security, well-being, worth and purposefulness.

What is the important of spirituality in morality?

Appreciation of spiritual and moral values informs the life of the truly educated person. When this happens a moral context is given to what one does with the knowledge one has gained. The Chapel exists to give direction to the implementation of spiritual and religious values in character formation.

What are the five spiritual values?

The spiritual literature reveals five values that are consistent with a spiritual individual. These include finding meaning, altruistic love, self-awareness, visioning, and authenticity. Certain values act as broad umbrellas that allow for study of sub values such as; faith, meditation, positive thinking and humility.

What are spirituality values?

The definition that emerged was: “spirituality is a personal search for meaning and purpose in life, which may or may not be related to religion. It entails connection to religious beliefs, values and practices that give meaning to life, thereby inspiring and motivating individuals to achieve their optimal being” [p.

What are some examples of spiritual values?

To make a list, then spiritual values include: Honesty Trust Kindness

What are the important spiritual moral and social values?

ability to be reflective about their own beliefs, religious or otherwise, that inform their perspective on life and their interest in and respect for different people’s faiths, feelings and values.

What is moral and spiritual development?

Spiritual development is the development of the non-material aspects of life, focusing on personal insight, values, meanings and purpose. Moral development involves supporting students to make considered choices around their behaviour and the values that provide a framework for how they choose to live.

What is the difference between spirituality and morality?

The second question has to do with how people come to be, and to act as, moral and spiritual beings, where spirituality refers to people’s relation to and experience of what they take to be the divine and morality refers to a sense of obligation to do right and avoid wrong that may be conditioned by the perception of

How can I be spiritually and morally healthy?

8 ways to boost your spiritual health

  1. Connect with your faith community. According to a Gallup study, 43% of Americans say they belong to a church or other religious body.
  2. Volunteer or help others.
  3. Practice yoga.
  4. Meditate.
  5. Keep a journal.
  6. Spend time in nature.
  7. Focus on your hobbies.
  8. Speak with a chaplain or someone you trust.

What is spiritual value simple?

adjective. Spiritual means relating to people’s thoughts and beliefs, rather than to their bodies and physical surroundings.

What is the value of spiritual life?

Spirituality is linked to many important aspects of human functioning—spiritual people have positive relationships, high self-esteem, are optimistic, and have meaning and purpose in life.

How do you practice spiritual values?

7 Ways to Incorporate a Consistent Spiritual Practice Into Your

  1. Meditate. Meditation is when we listen.
  2. Pray. Prayer is when we ask for help.
  3. Develop a gratitude practice.
  4. Journal your heart out.
  5. Take care of your body.
  6. Breathe.
  7. Surrender.

What are the 12 spiritual principles?

The 12 spiritual principles of recovery are as follows: acceptance, hope, faith, courage, honesty, patience, humility, willingness, brotherly-love, integrity, self-discipline, and service.

What are the 3 elements of spirituality?

The shamans, healers, sages, and wisdom keepers of all times, all continents, and all peoples, in their ageless wisdom, say that human spirituality is composed of three aspects: relationships, values, and life purpose.

What are spiritual beliefs?

Spiritual beliefs include the relationship to a superior being and are related to an existential perspective on life, death, and the nature of reality. 11. Religious beliefs include practices/rituals such as prayer or meditation and engagement with religious community members.

Moral and Ethics in Spirituality – New Delhi Times – India Only International Newspaper

Dr. Pramila Srivastava contributed to this article. In our daily lives, we are confronted with challenges that have the potential to split us along moral lines and cause us to consider the “good and evil” aspects of our existence. A significant and empowering part of our personalities is formed as a result of our exposure to morality and ethics, which serve to define the character of a person. When it comes to our daily lives, the phrases morals and ethics are used interchangeably, yet they are actually quite distinct from one another.

As a result, morals are more personalized as compared to ethics, which are generally produced by the public for individuals to adhere to as standards and are less individualised.

Spirituality is more than what religion is, which is why an individual may identify as spiritual rather than religious, therefore showing that spirituality is an act that transcends all.

A moral code refers to a collection of personal or cultural ideals that guide our decisions about how to act in social situations, which is precisely why morality is intimately associated with spirituality.

  • Developing self-awareness is the foundation of spirituality, and this assists an individual in achieving it.
  • Someone with good moral character will have behavioural qualities that demonstrate him or her to be modest and sensible, therefore demonstrating that there is a connection between the physical and spiritual selves as well.
  • Individuals engage in ethical behavior in order to become more self-aware of their actions and behaviors, which is why it is encouraged.
  • However, in the current world context, it is impossible to adhere to these principles, despite the fact that they are equally vital and important, due to the fact that it has become significantly more complicated.
  • As a result, it is critical to recognize that one must engage in habits and behaviors that are consistent with the whole concept of spiritual practice, as well as with the fundamentals of ethical conduct.

Individuals with high spirituality will, instinctively, hold high moral and ethical values, which will serve as the foundation of motivational force, and are less likely to participate in unethical and illegal activities, which are detrimental to society in the long run, as a result of their spirituality.

The formation of new moral standards that are in sharp contrast to the established ‘way of the world’ is made possible by decisions that are spiritual and ethical in nature in an era characterized by greedy judgments, crises, and battles against mankind.

Image courtesy of Shutterstock [email protected] is the email address. Pramila BK may be found on Twitter at @PramilaBK.


Alex Robboy is a fictional character created by author Alex Robboy. Dr. CAS, MSW, ACSW, LCSW is the founder and executive director of the organization. As My Moral Compass, Spirituality serves as a guide: morality is a system of principles by which we judge if anything, in this case conduct or behavior, is good or wrong. Morals, or our own convictions with relation to ethical conduct, are derived from a variety of sources, including religion and philosophy. Our moral code is shaped by our upbringing, our religion, the standards of society as represented in legislation, our peer groups, and even our personal experiences.

  1. One’s religion, for example, may condemn a certain activity, such as premarital sex, but another source, such as the legal system, may approve of the same action in question.
  2. The subsequent desire for direction or a sense of guilt can have devastating consequences.
  3. Spirituality is defined as being of or connected to the spirit.
  4. It may be claimed that no two snowflakes are precisely identical, just as no two people are exactly same.
  5. That world can exist both within and outside of the person who is experiencing it.
  6. The question therefore becomes, how can something so broad as spirituality come to intersect with something so constrained as morality?
  7. Personal spiritual experiences serve to anchor an individual’s set of morals within themselves when outward moral codes, such as those provided by religion, government, or culture, begin to conflict and cause confusion or distress.

To put it another way, just as people frequently establish their own spirituality, they may also develop their own moral notions in response to their own spiritual experiences.

However, they are not immune from the limitations and standards of other systems, such as governmental regulations; rather, they are governed by their own notions of morality, rather than the plethora of others in their immediate environment.

Because they are asking themselves the questions that they had previously delegated to others.

After that, you have to ask yourself, “How do I feel about consuming illicit drugs?” “Can you tell me why I’m feeling this way?” Consider starting with themes that are widely handled by other codes of ethics, such as sex and relationships with men or with women, dishonesty and violence.

We see this again when it comes to subjects such as abortion, death penalty, and gun control.

Afterwards, with each one, ask yourself, “How do I feel about this?” and write down your personal responses, even if they are in opposition to one another.

What is the relationship between it and these topics?


Is it necessary for you to make decisions about individuals who are for or against these issues as a result of your spiritual experience?

Furthermore, you may discover that, even though you do not condone the act of murder, you are unable to tolerate the presence of someone who does it.

They may even cause you to reexamine your conception of the divine as well as your personal relationship with it.

Once you have begun to establish your moral position on the large problems, you will find it much simpler to do the same on the lesser ones in the following years.

Although you may discover that many of your values are fairly similar to those of others, it is critical to remain grounded in your own personal moral compass so that you are not thrown around by the competing interests that exist in your environment.

Difference between Spirituality and Morality

In everyday life and the wider world, spirituality is frequently mistaken with morality, and vice versa. The two are seen as being interchangeable. One has the impression that if one is attempting to live according to certain moral ideals, one is quite spiritual in nature. One is unable to comprehend the conduct and behavior of spiritual people, however, because they do not always adhere to the conventional standards of decency and ethics. And this type of ambiguity and misunderstanding is really typical and widely prevalent.

  1. Here is the Mother’s illuminating response, which clearly demonstrates the distinction in a straightforward manner and also provides new insight into a variety of topics, which now look in a completely different light.
  2. The spiritual life, or the life of Yoga, has as its goal the development of divine consciousness, and as its outcome the purification, intensification, glorifying, and perfection of what already exists within you.
  3. When it comes to morality, it is a mental construction that begins with a few notions about what is good and what is not, and ends with the establishment of an ideal type into which everyone must push themselves.
  4. In spite of this, it proclaims itself to be a singular type, a categorical absolute; it admits of no other types outside of itself; it does not even permit of variations within itself.
  5. Because morality has such a hard, artificial aspect, it is diametrically opposed to the spiritual life both in its principles and in its application to reality.
  6. Morality elevates one artificial norm above all others, which is in opposition to the variety of life and the freedom of the soul.
  7. Everyone must put forth effort in order to attain the same attributes and the same ideal nature.

Morality assumes as its fundamental element a set separation between the good and the wicked; nonetheless, this is an arbitrary distinction to be drawn.

Morality goes so far as to assert that there are good wants and evil desires, and it encourages you to accept the good and reject the bad in order to live a decent life.

In accordance with its rules, you must renounce any and all movements that lead you away from God.

This description encompasses all desires, whether good or bad, because desire itself arises from a unillumined vital being and the ignorance that it possesses.

However, you embrace them not because they are wonderful in and of themselves, but because they lead you closer to the Divine Source.

You should reject everything that pulls you away from the Divine Life, but you should avoid categorizing things as good or bad and attempting to force your viewpoint on others; because what you consider harmful may be exactly what your neighbor needs who is not attempting to realize the Divine Life.

  • Normal societal concepts discriminate between two types of men: the generous and the avaricious, to name a few examples.
  • However, from the perspective of spiritual vision, they are on the same plane; the generosity of one and the greed of the other are distortions of a higher truth, a greater heavenly force, respectively.
  • This movement is expressed by a soul-type that is hidden behind the generous man and his generosity; he is a force for diffusion, for wide distribution.
  • The guy you extort with avarice was intended to be a tool in the cause you are opposing.
  • The Divine will use both in the same degree and with equal value if they are truly surrendered to Him and if they are truly surrendered to Him, they will be used as instruments for His divine work.
  • Neither wants to let go; the other wants to hold on; yet both are being pushed and tugged by forces that are beyond their own comprehension, and there is little to choose between them.
  • However, the avaricious guy usually acts out of ego and want, much like his opponent; he is the other end of the same ignorance as the egoistic man.
  • It is possible to take all other types and trace them back to some initial goal inside the Divine Force in the same way.
  • It is an incorrect movement that causes the distortion or caricature to be created.
  • Every one of them is justified by the truth that is within them; they are all equally significant and equally required; they are all diverse but vital instruments of Divine Manifestation.–The Mother TMS (The Mother and Sri Aurobindo) are the authors of this work.

(Editor’s note: TMSA is an abbreviation that is used to refer to The Mother and Sri Aurobindo.)

17. Spirituality and the moral life

Reflections on the Christian life are just what we’ve been looking for. Ted Grimsrud is a well-known author. It is your word that serves as a lamp for my feet and a light for my path. I have taken an oath and reaffirmed it, swearing to follow your holy laws and ordinances. I am badly afflicted; please, Lord, restore my life in accordance with your promise. Accept my praise offerings, O Lord, and instruct me in your statutes and regulations. I have my life in my hands at all times, yet I do not forget your law or your commandments.

  1. All of this has to do with morals, with discipleship, and with just living as Christians in our everyday lives.
  2. What is our perception of what is good and wrong?
  3. What are the regulations that we adhere to?
  4. What about the way we treat others?
  5. I feel that the location of actual spirituality has much to do with who we are in our everyday lives.
  6. Spirituality and ethical behavior are intricately interwoven in many ways.
  7. When we have a vibrant spirituality, we can understand that everything in life, including and especially the moral domain, has to do with interpersonal connections, creativity, mutuality, and imagination.
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Spirituality, on the other hand, is the way by which we may remain in the world and not be overrun by it.

But it is not simple to live a decent life in our environment, let alone to live a creative life and, presumably, to be spiritually alive while doing so.

There are concerns and themes about who we are, about who God is, about what gives us encouragement, about how we mourn, and about how we discover confidence.

I subscribe to a magazine called Utne that I read on a regular basis (formerly theUtne Reader).

Negative stories are frequently published since the world may be a fairly depressing place at times.

This means that every issue has solutions and points of view that have the potential to generate at least some happy sensations.

“American Fear: Why We’re So Afraid” is the title of the core subject of the film.

In a number of pieces, we talk about crime and violence in our society.

Both Detroit and Oakland are represented by two self-described politically liberal women who write about their experiences in each city.

In the second instance, the woman is just contemplating the situation.

This is referred to as a “high security suburb.” It has thick fences and security patrols to keep off intruders.

“It’s a safe environment here,” one of the developers assures.

Also, it’s lovely.

It’s exactly what potential purchasers are searching for.” The image depicted in the article depicts a sterile, scary, and lifeless atmosphere.

“ Its communities were terrorized by a rapist who roamed the streets last year; authorities believe the perpetrator is a local and is responsible for three rapes and five robberies.

According to the Unsolved Mysteries television series, Joseph Weldon Smith murdered his wife and two stepdaughters at an affluent Green Valley neighborhood known as The Fountains, where they lived with their mother.

A suspected child molester who had been playing football with Green Valley youngsters was apprehended the following week, according to authorities.

In the case of any of us, any attempt to isolate ourselves will almost certainly fail, as did Green Valley.

People are traveling from all around the world to attend this event, taking their troubles with them.” So, how can we live in such a culture in a way that is both creative and hopeful?

Some of us do, and the most of us do something, if only a little.

We are compelled to live in a world that, on the surface, appears to be becoming less secure.

This prompted concern in the United States media about what it implies for global terrorism to have penetrated our borders.

Long before the advent of the United States of America, terrorism was a reality for many African-Americans of all races, women, children, homosexual people, and others living in various parts of our country.

Yes, I believe that is the case.

That is not to argue, however, that we do not have other things to be concerned about.

A healthy feeling of caution is appropriate, as is an awareness of the need to be on the lookout, to avoid potentially harmful situations, and to be prepared to look after oneself.

We must, nevertheless, continue to live.

We shall increasingly find ourselves in an It world rather than a Thou world.

We have undoubtedly witnessed the consequences of fear on a large scale in our culture, particularly during the Cold War era.

It is also polluting the environment in an irreversible manner, and it keeps us living under the shadow of the Sword of Damocles in the hopes that the bombs will not be used.

All out of dread of being eaten by a paper tiger.

Bears and rabid dogs were the things that I was most scared of back then, especially in my rural surroundings.

I’ve been startled by a quick movement more than once.

Then, as I came closer to the next streetlight, I realized that what had been frightening me all along was my own shadow.

Our country, on the other hand, has not been so fortunate.

Perhaps, under the surface, what we were really terrified of in our society as a whole was our own shadow.

People who have a strong sense of who they are may still experience dread in appropriate situations, but fear does not take over their life and does not control their actions.

Understanding is what I’m actually talking about when it comes to spirituality.

The more our understanding of the nature of reality, the greater our confidence in God will be.

The more we regard ourselves as loveable and capable of loving, the better we will feel about ourselves.

I’m going to presume that everything is well.

Similarly, the psalmist declares, “God’s word is a candle to my feet and a light to my path.give me life in accordance with the word.” (129) (119:105, 107) As I began writing this book, I reflected on our understanding of ourselves as well as our understanding of God.

Although they are apparently opposing viewpoints, both beliefs have deep roots in the Christian faith, despite their evident differences.

According to this teaching, human beings are born wicked, born condemned, and born with an overwhelming inclination toward evil from the moment of their conception.

Given that we are evil, we must be restrained by force.

Alice Miller has convincingly demonstrated the disastrous consequences of adopting such a child-rearing style.

Parents should welcome their child and encourage him or her to develop creativity and a mutually loving give and take relationship with the rest of the world as he or she grows.

This leaves the youngster feeling afraid and furious on the inside, as well as lacking empathy and the ability to think critically and express himself or herself emotionally freely.

They are completely unaware of “the difference between who they would have become and who they actually are.” “As adults, regardless of their IQ, they will subsequently view the will of another person as if it were their own,” says the author.

“However, something that one is not aware of might nonetheless cause illness.” The condition is characterized by suppressed rage that manifests itself in unanticipated or arbitrary ways – particularly with one’s own children later in life.

Moreover, the concept of a hierarchical God contributes to this illness.

This all-powerful God lends his support to all-powerful religious and political establishments.

People have been urged by this Psalm not to question their nation’s decisions when it sends them to war.

It is in the name of a hierarchical God that this style of scapegoating finds its justification.


Good Christian individuals have restrained their feelings of rage.

Scapegoating is difficult to defend in the absence of God’s justice to vindicate the situation.

We will do this even if we have repressed the hatred to such a degree that we are unable to identify it for what it truly is.

In the literature used to stoke the flames of patriotism during World War II, it is abundantly clear how important a hierarchical God is to the overall scheme of things.

On the battlefield, such warring lunacy manifests itself on a grand scale.

Violence of this nature is incompatible with healing spirituality.

We must state unequivocally that we no longer acknowledge such a God as being God.

We have the finest perception of the genuine God as one who loves, as one who we encounter as a healing presence in the midst of our many brokennesses and suffering.

In a gentle manner, God guides us toward the realization that love, healing, and growth toward wholeness are all possible in this moment.

However, when the Bible is read with the greatest amount of discernment, it points in the opposite direction.

“So God created humankind in God’s image,.male and female.,” God says in the affirmation of the creation story.

God looked at all that God had created, and he found it to be very beautiful.” (Genesis 1:27-28, and 31.) This is demonstrated in Psalm 8’s affirmation.


The unfolding of the Bible’s story serves as an affirmation of this statement.

God, according to the Bible, is not so much a huge hierarchical judge as he is a loving father.

These are acts of compassion that are founded on God’s unconditional love, not on some sort of superiority of certain individuals over others, nor on God’s ability to separate the wheat from the chaff.

The only way to come face to face with such a God is through pain.

This is demonstrated in Jesus’ beautiful parable of the prodigal son, found in the book of Luke 15.

He begins to awaken.

He has reached a point where he requires assistance that is beyond the scope of his own willpower.

In actuality, he discovers that God is present with him.

His thoughts become clear, and he decides to return home.

As it turns out, he discovers much more than he had anticipated.

Let’s have a good time!

What follows from such insight is joy, as well as the conviction that life, God, and oneself are all trustworthy sources of information.

Trust that God wants to party far more than he wants to rub our faces in our shame and sorrow, as Jesus’ story teaches us.

Trust and kindness are intricately linked together in the human heart.

We will realize that we can rely on God if he is merciful to us.

More open hands are seen than clinched fists in this pose.

We do not acquire their trust with our good deeds.

Such ambitions are out of reach for us in any case.

When we are focused on achieving our goals, we lose our feeling of hearing and receptivity.

This spiral must be broken in some way, whether it is through self-respect or respect for others.

A theologian once gave a compelling and incisive presentation on how the Bible may be a friend to oppressed people, and I was moved to tears by his words.

He referred to them as “evil,” “bad people,” and “the adversary.” I can’t help but think that if he were to win power, we would still have victims in his society, no matter how much I empathize with his point of view.

Unless the downward spiral of violence is broken, it will continue.

Life is not to be found in some ideal world in the distant future or in the celestial realms above.

That is, it is spirituality that gives us the ability to live with hope even while we are grieving.

“Home, safe home,” by David Guterson, published in Utne Reader 56.

“Home, safe home,” says Guterson on pages 65-66.

(Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997). In addition, Ted Grimsrud’s book God’s Healing Strategy: An Introduction to the Main Themes of the Bible is highly recommended (Telford, PA: Cascadia Publishing House, 2000).

World History for Us All: Key Theme Seven

HomeKey ThemesSevenAre morality and spirituality unique to human beings? Howhas human spirituality changed in the course of history? Howhave changing ideas of morality and spirituality shaped history?The word spirituality refers to human awareness of a transcendentalstate of being, one that is beyond the material world of everydaylife. It may mean belief in a supreme creator, in an afterlife,or in the existence of mysterious spirits and magical forces.Our sense of spirituality shapes how we think of the worldand our place in it. It also shapes our sense of morality,that is, the way in which we recognize differences betweenright and wrong. Spirituality has been a powerful force inhuman history.Do animals have a sense of spirituality or morality? Allanimals have to learn that some behaviors work well and othersdo not. A young deer that strays too far from its herd maybe “punished” by being killed. Those who learnthese rules of behavior survive. Those who do not learn themmay die. We have no evidence, however, that animals think in moralterms, no sense that they are aware of doing “good”things or “bad” things. Being aware of morality,like being aware of identity (KeyTheme 5), appears to be uniquely human. Only we humanshave language, which allows us to think about the rightnessor wrongness of our behavior. The same is probably true ofspirituality. Symbolic language allows us to express and shareinformation, not just about what is in front of us, but alsoabout things that we cannot see with our eyes or hear withour ears. Language lets us think and talk about God, angels,saints, demons, fairies, heaven, and hell. Only humans, itseems, can imagine a spiritual realm. As far as we know, all human communities have had ideas ofa spiritual realm and of rules for right and wrong behavior.Different communities, however, have thought about those thingsin an astonishing variety of ways. People have often fought,killed, or died to put forth or defend their own ideas ofspirituality and morality. A belief or practice that one communityconsiders normal may seem totally unacceptable to another.For example, in some communities people have traditionallyregarded public nudity as normal. In others, they have seen itas shocking and offensive. What can we know of the spiritual life of our distant ancestorsin paleolithic times? Archaeologists have found many objectsthat look as if they had spiritual meaning to those who createdthem. Fifteen thousand years ago, people in southern Europetook the trouble to crawl far back into the dark reaches ofa cave to carve clay statuettes of bison that hardly anyonewas ever likely to see. We do not know why they did this butcertainly not merely to amuse themselves or to make “artfor art’s sake.” What about cave paintings that showhunters stalking animals? Were these works possibly designedto cast a spell over animal prey? One cave painting includesthe picture of a man who looks to modern eyes like a priestor wizard. We do not really know if he was or not. The problemis that we know so little about the wider social or culturalcontexts in which works like these were produced and used.We do have some ideas, however. Anthropologists have studiedthe spiritual beliefs of small, relatively isolated communitiesthat exist today. Scholars of paleolithic history base manyof their ideas about early human thought and behavior on suchstudies. In many of these communities there may be no clearborderline between the human and spiritual worlds. One featurethat seems to appear in all small-scale communities is animism.This is the belief that the world is full of spirits and thatto survive one must coexist and communicate with them. Onemust pray to them, bargain with them, and even try to allywith them in disputes with human or non-human enemies. The community may regard natural objects and forces, suchas rain, wind, thunder, trees, the sun, the moon, and starsas members of a huge and varied family. People, however, maynot always think of spirits as more powerful or more moralthan humans. Spirits may be like family members. Some aregood and helpful, and some are bad, fickle, dangerous, orstupid. In some parts of the world societies have totemic beliefs,that is, ideas about close spiritual ties between familiesor clans and particular animals. The members of a “jaguarclan,” for example, might forbid killing jaguars becauseof the belief that these animals are in some sense also partof the extended family. How did people contact the spirit world? They might hearspirits in a thunderstorm, or they might make contact throughdreams or rituals. Religious ceremonies might involve dancing,chanting, or taking mind-altering drugs to induce a trance-likestate and a feeling of “crossing over” to thespiritual realm. Frequently, communities looked for help fromindividuals believed to have special gifts for communicatingwith the spirits. In Siberia and some other parts of the world,such specialists have been known as shamans. These are womenor men who have the power to go into a trance. In that statethey may “fly” to the spirit realm to talk, fight,or plead with spirits—even to marry them. Upon returningto the human world, shamans tell other people what happened.Their pronouncements may have a powerful effect on people,curing their diseases, cursing them, driving them to war withtheir neighbors, or encouraging them to make peace. A shamancould be an extremely powerful man or woman in a community.Hunting and foragingpeople painted this rock art in Zimbabwe in Southern Africaabout 2,000 years ago.The scene depicts aceremonial dance whose purpose may have been to animate thelife force. The large figure in the center, very likely wearing an antelopemask, is lying down and perhaps in a state of trance, or altered consciousness. “ Diana’s Vow” site, Manicaland, ZimbabweR. Dunn In small-scale societies, most spirits werelocal, and people identified strongly with particular ones.After about 12,000 BCE, however, larger-scale societies beganto appear. When that happened, people’s sense of spiritualityalso changed. As communities became larger and more powerful,their gods, too, became more potent and awe-inspiring. Thesedeities were often venerated beyond the local community. Priests and rulers began to take on the power that shamansonce exercised. Rulers of city-states and kingdoms that existed5,000 or 6,000 years ago often claimed spiritual power andidentified themselves with particular gods. In Sumer in lowerMesopotamia (the Tigris-Euphrates River valley), each cityhad its own major deity, which people represented in imagesof stone or wood. For example, in the city of Uruk the goddessof love, known as Inanna, inhabited the “white temple.”This building stood atop a ziggurat, or stepped, pyramid-shapedstructure, which dominated the whole town.In Sumer every urban temple had its religious leaders, orpriests, who had the job of pleasing the gods in endless rituals,festivals, and sacrifices. People dedicated all their laborto the service of the city’s gods. Therefore, the priestsclaimed the right to command the population and economy, rulingthe city as the top social class. Religious teachings supportedthe right of the city-state’s rulers to accumulate wealthand wield power. Priests instructed ordinary people that,if they wished to receive the blessing of the gods, they shouldobey their rulers. The priests might try to dull people’swillingness to protest against abuse and exploitation by threateningthem with the wrath of the gods or by promising them a betterlife in the afterworld if they remained obedient. In the third millennium BCE, when bigger states began toappear, rulers almost always associated themselves with themost powerful deities. In ancient Egypt or the later Romanempire, for example, rulers claimed to be not only the deputiesof gods but deities in their own right. In the ancient Mediterraneanregion and other places, people thought of their numerousgods and goddesses as part of a pantheon, or “household”of deities that controlled the universe as one big and sometimesquarreling family. Stories about the gods were at the heartof oral and literary traditions, and children learned aboutduties and obligations, right and wrong behavior, from theexamples that gods and goddesses set. In Afroeurasia in the middle centuries of the first millenniumBCE, belief systems began to appear that eventually becameworld religions. These systems focused on a single supremegod or cosmic, creative power. They also appealed to peopleof differing languages and cultural traditions, not just themembers of a single city or local area. Most of these systems,though not all, were “universalist” in that theypreached their message to whomever would listen, not justto particular groups. The major universalist religions to appear so far—allof them by the seventh century CE—have been Hinduism,Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Daoism, Christianity, Manicheanism, and Islam. Among these,Hinduism has remained closely associated with South Asian and,to some extent, Southeast Asian societies. People have practicedDaoism mainly in China. Confucianism also emerged in the midfirst millennium BCE, but as a belief system it has emphasizedmoral and ethical behavior much more than spiritual doctrines.Also, it has remained firmly linked to East Asian societies,especially Chinese. Judaism, which took shape as a distinctivebelief system in the first millennium BCE, shared its monotheism,or belief in one God, with Christianity and Islam. Jews, however,did not take up a universalist mission but rather have transmittedtheir faith mainly within the community believed to descendfrom the early Hebrews. Today, more than 70 per cent of the world’s populationidentifies at least nominally with Buddhism, Christianity,Islam, or Hinduism. In the past millennium, however, Manicheanismhas faded from global view, and Zoroastrians (called Parsistoday) number fewer than 500,000.Table data from Ninian Smart,ed., Atlas of the World’s Religions (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), 13. All the world religions embrace varying beliefs,practices, and sects. None is homogeneous or uniform. Forexample, in Islam, Sunnism and Shi’ism constitute twomajor branches with somewhat differing beliefs. In fact, theShi’ite tradition has several branches of its own. Inthe Christian tradition Roman Catholics, Greek Orthodox Catholics,Protestants, and other groups all share basic monotheism butwith numerous differences in doctrine, ritual, and practice.Most major religious traditions also incorporate two importantdimensions. One of them involves people joining together forpublic worship, communal prayer or ritual, scriptural study,and mutual moral and social support. The other, which in sometraditions is characterized as mysticism, is concerned withthe individual’s search for knowledge of God, unionwith the divine, transcendent experience, healing, and salvation.For millions of people, religious experience may involve bothof these dimensions.A final point about the varieties of religious experienceis that people in many parts of the world, and in rural areasmore than in cities, have professed one of the major religionsbut assimilated older animist beliefs into it. For example,a Christian community might honor a local saint who is a Christianizedversion of an ancient god or spirit. For another example,Muslims in some places wear a little box around their neckwith a piece of paper in it carrying an inscription from theQur’an. They display this charm, or amulet to ward offevil, even though Muslim scripture does not condone such apractice.The architecture of Christian churchesvaries greatly depending on the denomination and the region.On the left is a Methodist chapel in Wales. On the rightis ancient Greek Orthodox church in Istanbul, Turkey. R. Dunn Today, many people argue that modern sciencepresents a powerful challenge to religion because it offersexplanations of nature, the cosmos, and human origins thatrequire no reference to God or any other manifestation ofspiritual power. Also, the material evidence that sciencepresents to support its description of the natural and physicaluniverse has continued to pile up, especially during thepast century. Few doubt that science, technology, and medicinehave benefited humankind in countless ways. For some people,however, science and religion start from such contradictorypremises that they cannot be reconciled. This perceivedcontradiction may even be a source of profound bewildermentor dismay. Other people, however, find no trouble acceptingthe propositions of modern science while at the same timeexpressing faith in a transcendent creative power. Principles and standards of ethical behaviorare as important to peace, order, and social cooperationin the world as they have ever been. Science, however, hasvery little to tell us about ethics. Also, persistent poverty,environmental degradation, epidemic disease, and crime havedefied the best efforts of humanity’s scientific imagination.Amid the distresses and dangers of our contemporary era,people have sought not only communal ties to one anotherbut also moral and spiritual certainties. Spiritual questsand ethical questions continue to be a vital part of humancultural

Why Do We Need to Understand this KeyTheme?

  • REFLECTIONS ON THE CHRISTIAN LIFE ARE EXACTLY WHAT WE REQUIRE. Tom Ted Grimsrud is a well-known author and illustrator. It is your word that serves as a lamp for my feet and a light for my way. To uphold your righteous ordinances, I have sworn an oath and confirmed it in writing. O Lord, grant me life in accordance with your word because I am severely afflicted. Lord, please accept my praise offerings and instruct me on how to obey your laws. Your law is something I remember because I always have my life in my hands. – Psalm 119:105-109 is a passage from the Bible that says According to my definition of spirituality – that which inspires us to live hopeful and creative lives – it is not something separate from everyday life but rather something that complements it. All of this has to do with morality, with discipleship, and with simply living as Christians in our daily lives. My spiritual reflections have nothing to do with our values, so what does it matter? What is the basis of our sense of right or wrong? Is it possible for us to meet our responsibilities and obligations? What are the rules that we adhere to, exactly? What are our ethical judgments based upon? Our manners toward those around us, perhaps? The manner in which we respond to issues and causes My belief is that authentic spirituality is found in the context of who we are in our everyday lives. The concrete lives we lead are where it is located. A close relationship exists between spirituality and moral behavior. Morality cannot be approached as a dry list of rules because we have a living spirituality. When we have a vital spirituality, we can see that everything in life, including and especially the moral realm, has something to do with relationships, creativity, reciprocity, and imagination. We can remember that spirituality is not an escape from the stresses of everyday life if we keep morality as a central theme. Spirituality, on the other hand, is the means by which we can remain in the world without being overcome by it. Living a spiritually vibrant life also means living a morally upright life. Being a moral and creative person, and hopefully being spiritually alive in our world, is not an easy thing to do in our time. We should keep these issues and themes in mind because they are extremely difficult to ignore. There are issues and themes about who we are, about who God is, about what gives us hope, about how we grieve, and about how we find trust. As long as we are alive, the issues that I have raised in this book will continue to be critical. Itne is a magazine that I read on a regular basis (formerly theUtne Reader). It is generally considered to be an optimistic editorial perspective, if you want to use that term. Negative articles are frequently published because the world can be a depressing place at times. It appears that one of Utne’s missions is to instill a glimmer of hope in the hearts of those who need it. This means that every issue includes solutions and points of view that have the potential to generate at least some positive emotions. The March/April 1993 issue, on the other hand, left me feeling pretty much hopeless. “American Fear: Why We’re So Afraid,” is the title of the central theme. In which direction should we look for hope?” When it comes to reasons for being afraid, the emphasis is much greater than when it comes to reasons to be hopeful. Criminality and violence in our society are the subject of a few of the articles. In part, it’s the gloominess of the picture, which begins with the plague of violence in big cities and progresses from there. Both Detroit and Oakland are represented by two self-described politically liberal women who write about their experiences in those cities. In the first instance, the woman eventually feels compelled to relocate. In the second instance, the woman is only contemplating the situation at the moment. The article about Green Valley, a planned community in suburban Nevada, is, by far, the most depressing of the bunch. A “high security suburb” is what this area is called. Security patrols are stationed on the premises and high walls surround the area. In his visit, the author learns about the people who live there and their reasons for staying. As one of the developers puts it, “It’s safe here.” “It’s also tidy. In addition, it’s pleasant to be around. The schools are excellent, and the crime rate is relatively low in this area. What buyers are looking for is exactly what you’ve provided.” It depicts a sterile, frightening, and lifeless environment in the article. The irony is that it is far from being a crime-free zone. “ Its neighborhoods were terrorized last year by a rapist, who police believe is a resident and was responsible for three rapes and five robberies. Several months before his killing spree in a Killeen, Texas cafeteria in October 1991, George Hennard lived in Green Valley and purchased two of the weapons he used in the massacre. According to the television series Unsolved Mysteries, Joseph Weldon Smith murdered his wife and two stepdaughters in a posh Green Valley development known as The Fountains, where they lived with their mother. A handcuffed hostage was taken hostage, and more than $100,000 was taken from the bank by two armed robbers who then fled and opened fire with military-assault rifle rounds at officers who were hot on their tails. A suspected child molester who had been playing football with Green Valley children was apprehended the following week,” police said. Essentially, we don’t have a completely secure environment. Attempts to isolate ourselves from the rest of the world are likely to end up like Green Valley. “You can run, but you can’t hide,” according to one local. People are traveling from all over the world to attend this event, bringing their problems with them,” says the organizer. As a result, how do we live in a culture that encourages creativity and optimism? Perhaps we don’t have to be concerned about our own safety after all. – The majority of us do something, if not everything. We must, however, adapt to a world that is becoming increasingly fearful. We are compelled to live in a world that, on the surface, appears to be becoming increasingly dangerous. The World Trade Center in New York was bombed in March of 1993, killing a total of 6,000 people. When the news spread that international terrorism had crossed our borders, the media in the United States expressed concern. As a result of the events of September 11, 2001, these concerns were greatly heightened. Long before the advent of the United States of America, terrorism was a reality for many African-Americans, as well as women, children, gay people, and others living in various parts of our country. Are there any implications for this in discussions of spirituality and the moral life? Yes, I believe that is the case! Our greatest source of anxiety is our own apprehension of the unknown. We don’t have to worry about anything else, but that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t be concerned. In this world, violence and the threat of violence are unavoidable facts of existence. There should be a healthy sense of caution, awareness of the need to be on the lookout, to avoid potentially dangerous situations, and to be able to look after one’s own safety. Along with that, we should certainly hope to see violent criminals apprehended, and those who cause harm to others restrained. We must, however, go on living. It is possible to be constrained and prevented from being creative if we live our lives in fear. The world will increasingly become an It world rather than a Thou world, as we move forward. Our characteristics will resemble those we fear. We have certainly seen the consequences of fear on a large scale in our society, particularly during the Cold War. In order to protect ourselves from the Soviets, we built a massive military-industrial complex that is currently bankrupting us. While doing so, it is causing irreversible environmental damage, as well as putting us all on edge as we wait to see if nuclear weapons are used. We subverted democracy at home and abroad because we were paralyzed by our fears. A paper tiger had them all on edge. As a child, I recall walking home by myself from school on occasion in the evening. Bears and rabid dogs were the things I was most afraid of back then, especially in my rural surroundings. Shadows would grow in size and speed as a result of the distance between street lights. Several times, I was startled by a sudden movement. As a result, I’d walk or run faster. Then, as I got closer to the next streetlight, I’d realize that what had been frightening me all along was my own reflection in the darkness. Thank goodness I didn’t have my gun with me, so I didn’t accidentally shoot anyone. It hasn’t been so fortunate for our own nation. Much harm has been done as a result of the shifting shadows of the so-called Soviet menace. We might have been more afraid of our own shadows than anything else in our society at the time. In my opinion, fear operates in this manner. Even though people who have a strong sense of who they are may still experience fear in appropriate situations, fear does not take over their lives in this way. At this point, our spirituality becomes increasingly important to us. In terms of spirituality, what I am really talking about is comprehension. We must learn to understand ourselves, to understand life, to understand God. As we gain a better understanding of the nature of reality, our faith in God will grow stronger. To the extent that we appreciate life, the more we will appreciate it. Our ability to love and be loved will grow the more we see ourselves as such. As a result, I am under the impression that God is reliable. I’m going to assume that everything is fine with life. I am under the impression that you are lovable and loveable. God’s word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path, as the psalmist confesses
  • “give me life according to your word,” he prays. (129) (119: 105, 107) As I began writing this book, I reflected on our understanding of ourselves as well as how we perceive God. A hatred of humanness, as well as a hierarchical view of God, are two major obstacles to such an understanding. It goes without saying that both perspectives are firmly rooted in Christian tradition, albeit on opposing sides of the coin. In fact, we can find biblical support for both viewpoints – including what became known as the doctrine of original sin – in the book of Genesis. According to this doctrine, human beings are born bad, born condemned, and born with an overwhelming proclivity toward evil from the beginning of their lives. A common justification for harsh child-rearing practices has been that they are necessary to protect children. Due to our criminal nature, we must be restrained by force. To be successful, we must break our wills. Using compelling evidence, Alice Miller demonstrates the tragic consequences of such a child-rearing approach. It is extremely dangerous to discipline a child in this manner, as it is to “break his will.” As a result, the child’s soul is effectively murdered. It is important for parents to accept their children and encourage them to develop their creativity as well as their ability to give and receive in a mutually loving relationship with the world. When a child’s will is broken, the child becomes numb to his or her own feelings. This leaves the child feeling fearful and angry on the inside, as well as lacking empathy and the ability to think critically and express himself or herself emotionally. “The primary emphasis is placed on raising children in such a way that they are unaware of what is being done to them, what is being taken away from them, or what they are losing as a result of the process,” says the author of the book. They are completely unaware of “who they would have been if things had turned out differently and who they are now.” Thus, “as adults, regardless of their intelligence, they will later regard the wishes of others as if they were their own.” They have no way of knowing if their own will has been violated because they were never given the opportunity to do so. “However, even if one is not aware of it, something can still cause illness.” Anger that has been suppressed manifests itself in unpredictable or arbitrary ways, particularly with one’s own children later in life. This illness manifests itself as a lack of imagination, a lack of empathy, and a lack of spiritual vitality. Moreover, the concept of a hierarchical God contributes to this condition. When you think of God as something to be obeyed, you think of It rather than a Thou. This all-powerful God lends his support to all-powerful religious and political establishments alike. Psalm 21, for example, which so closely associates God with the king, does not raise any questions. People have been encouraged by this Psalm not to question their nation’s decisions when it sends them into battle. The idea that God commands people to scapegoat others is not questioned by such individuals. It is in the name of a hierarchical God that this style of scapegoating is justified. Similarly, according to the psalmist, God will “bring them to a fiery furnace” in order to destroy his adversaries (v. 9). How this scapegoating campaign is targeting sexual minorities has been demonstrated by Didi Herman. A great deal of anger has been repressed by good Christian people. They will only feel justified in directing their rage at others if they can track down God’s enemies. A scapegoat’s actions are difficult to justify in the absence of divine judgment. When we feel the need to vent our hostility, we will look for scapegoats to direct our vengeance against. We will do this even if we have repressed the hostility to such a degree that we are unable to recognize it for what it actually is. It goes without saying that this is the dynamic at play in nationalism, where people seek to scapegoat other countries for their own problems. In the literature used to stoke the flames of patriotism during World War II, it is abundantly clear how crucial a hierarchical God is to the overall scheme of things. Only this kind of God can serve as the foundation for the divine assistance that nations require in times of war. It is on the grand scale of war that such warring lunacy manifests itself. Homophobia and violence against children are examples of violence that occurs on a more local scale. A violent response to spiritual healing is incompatible with spiritual healing. Atheismover is required in the face of a hierarchical God of such magnitude. The time has come to declare that such a God is no longer recognized as such. There is a fundamental difference between the true God and the false God. Our best understanding of the true God is as one who loves, as one who we encounter as a healing presence amidst our many brokennesses and suffering. In this God’s gentle guidance, we can come to terms with our current reality. In a gentle manner, God guides us toward the realization that love, healing, and progress toward wholeness are all possible right now. It is unfortunate that some people use biblical materials to support low views of humanness and to support a hierarchical conception of God. But when the Bible is read with the greatest amount of discernment, the opposite is true. Humanity as a whole, as well as each individual human being, is loved unconditionally by the biblical God. “So God created humankind in God’s image,.male and female.,” says the Bible in its affirmation of the creation story. And God was gracious to them. All that God had created was seen by God, and it was indeed very good.” The Bible says this in Genesis 1:27-28, and 31. This is reflected in the affirmation of Psalm 8:1. Human beings have been crowned with “glory and honor” by God, who has placed them only a “little lower than God” in the hierarchy of creation (v. 5). The New Testament’s portrayal of Jesus, for example, demonstrates this point. The unfolding of the Bible’s story serves as an affirmation of this. Those who are broken and suffering are more likely to discover the biblical God in their lives. Rather than being a great hierarchical judge, God is depicted in the Bible as a loving and compassionate being. And more than that, God is one who suffers with us, who cares for us, who sustains life and love, and who works to bring about our recovery. These are acts of compassion that are based on God’s unconditional love, not on some sort of superiority of certain people over others, nor on God’s ability to separate the wheat from the chaff God is the presence of suffering love, the source of strength for a life that is weak but persistent. Experiencing such a God is only possible through grief. In order to meet God, we must give up our desire for control and self-will, as well as our desire for power. The beautiful parable of the prodigal son in Luke 15 illustrates this point. It is at this point that the wayward son “comes to himself,” as the saying goes. He has come to terms with who he is as an individual. He comes to and begins to move around the room. Eventually, he comes to the realization that he has reached the end of his ability. He has reached a point where he requires assistance that is beyond his own capacity for self-sufficiency and determination. The prodigal has arrived at the point of surrender, of surrendering one’s ability to control one’s actions. In reality, he discovers that God has joined him in his endeavors. One small ray of hope emerges from the ashes of a life that was wasted. He returns home after his thoughts have cleared. Though he goes into it with few expectations, he has the distinct impression that it will be here that he will find what little life he may be able to lead. What he discovers is far more than he could have imagined. As a reflection of God’s ways, the father of the prodigal son responded by pulling his son to his feet when he returned home prostrate and ashamed. We should get together and have a good time. In order to be truly self-aware, one must also have a deeper understanding of the world and God. What results from such understanding is joy, as well as a conviction that life, God, and oneself are all trustworthy sources of information and guidance. Self-affirmation, as well as affirmation of God and other people, results from this process of affirmation of oneself. Trust that God wants to party much more than he wants to rub our shame and brokenness in our faces, as Jesus’ parable teaches us. Faith in God and an awareness of mercy are at the heart of spirituality, according to the Bible. Trust and mercy are inextricably linked together in the human heart and soul. Even in the midst of our greatest grief, we will find mercy if we trust. We will realize that we can rely on God if he shows us mercy. Individuals who are experiencing vital spirituality demonstrate mercy and trust rather than fear in their moral behavior. More open hands are displayed than clenched fists in this position. Life, salvation, and empowerment are all blessings to those who have a spiritual outlook on life. No, our nice acts do not garner us their favor. For moral purity, political correctness, and a successful revolution, we don’t have to battle and strive for them anymore. Of course, such ambitions are out of our reach. We drift away from mercy as we strive to help them. Our ability to listen and be receptive is diminished while we are attempting to attain our goals. They will recognize that fighting evil merely contributes to the spiral of violence that has engulfed humanity. It is necessary to break the cycle in some way, whether it is via self-respect or respect for others. Somehow, this spiral needs to be stopped, and the only way to do so is to understand reality as a Thou-world rather than an It-world, as described in the Buddha’s teachings. The Bible may be a friend to oppressed people, according to a theologian who gave a powerful and incisive lecture about this once. I was worried by the way he objectified the oppressors, though, despite how compelling his message had been to me. He referred to them as “evil,” “bad people,” and “the adversary” in various contexts. I can’t help but think that if he were to win power, we could still have victims in his society, no matter how much I connect with his point of view. We shall find it all too simple to dismiss the humanity of others as long as we continue to perceive them as It’s. As long as violence is not stopped, it will spiral out of control. The spiritually minded will finally grasp the fact that we can and must find life in our present circumstances. Life is not to be discovered in some ideal world in the distant future or in the celestial realms of the hereafter. In order to be meaningful, spirituality must be spirituality for whoweare and spirituality for whereweare – right here. In other words, it is spirituality that gives us the ability to live with hope even when we are grieving or distressed. It will give us hope even while we are suffering, and joy even when we are stumbling along, three steps forward and two back. The Utne Reader 56 published an article by David Guterson entitled “Home, safe home” (March-April 1993), The song “Home, safe home” by Guterson is number 63 on the list. Home, safe home,” says Guterson in lines 65-66. 66.Alice Miller, For Your Own Good: Hidden Cruelty in Child-Rearing and the Roots of Violence (New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1984), chapter 14
  • “The Anti-Gay Agenda: Orthodox Vision and the Christian Right,” by Didi Herman, was published in 2008. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997). Please refer to the book God’s Healing Strategy: An Introduction to the Main Themes of the Bible by Ted Grimsrud for more information about God’s healing strategy and other biblical themes (Telford, PA: Cascadia Publishing House, 2000).
Landscape and Closeup Teaching Units that EmphasizeKey Theme 7:

Morality vs Spirituality – What’s the difference?

That morality is (uncountable) recognition]] of the distinction between good and evil, or between right and wrong; respect for and obedience to the rules of right conduct; the mental disposition or characteristic of [[behave|behaving in a manner intended to produce morally good results; and spirituality is the quality or state of being spiritual; and


The ability to recognize and obey the distinction between good and evil or between right and wrong; the mental disposition or characteristic of [[behave, behaving in a manner intended to produce morally good results; the recognition]] of the distinction between good and evil or between right and wrong. “Heroes and Hero Worship,” chapter 3 (in 1841), states that “without morals, intellect were impossible for him; a fully immoralman” could not know anything at all!” To truly understand anything, to comprehend something, a man must first “love” the thing, sympathize with it, or, in other words, be “virtuously linked” to it.

  1. Is a self-aware individualist who is cold-blooded and merciless, who works solely for himself and believes in nothing other than himself.
  2. They are not as deadly as a fire, but they are just as harmful as a fog.
  3. *1917,.The Yukon Trail, ch.
  4. *1912,.Pygmalion, act 5: It is middle class morality that I must live for others and not myself: that is middle class morality in action.
  5. It is dictated by tradition and practicality.” (countable) A set of personal guiding principles for conduct or a broad sense of how to act, regardless of whether the behavior is acceptable.
  6. *1994, “Man Convicted of Murder in ’92 Bludgeoning,” San Jose Mercury News, 4 November, p.
  7. 2B: Jones was referred to as “the devil’s right-hand guy” by Deputy District Attorney Bill Tingle, who stated that he should be punished for his “atrociousmorality.” The term “lesson” or “proclamation” refers to a lesson or declaration that offers instruction on good behavior.

Ronan’s Well, Chapter 16: “She had done her duty”—”she left the subject to those who had a charge over such things”—and “Providence would bring the riddle to light in his own proper time”—these were the moralities with which the good dame consoled herself in her hour of need.

195: What do these stalemoralities, Sir Preacher, signify to you, while you murmur from behind your desk?

“Review of The Claim of Morality” by N.H.G.

3, no.

278: Robinson summarizes the conclusion of the first part of his book as “that the task of the moralist is to set in their proper relation to one another the three different types of moral judgment.

4, no.

11: “Ethics and Moral Controversy,” The Philosophical Quarterly, vol.

4, no. 14, p. 11: “Morality” can be defined as follows: Hume’s “morality,” which “implies some sentiment universal to all people,” Kant’s “”morality,” which is applicable to all rational creatures,” and Butler’s “morality,” which is based on the presumption that “everyone has a uniform conscience.”

Usage notes

“Ethics” and “morality” are sometimes used interchangeably, but philosophical ethicists often distinguish between the two terms, using “morality” and related terms to refer to actual, real-world beliefs and practices concerning proper conduct, and using “ethics” to refer to theories and conceptual studies relating to good and evil, as well as right and wrong. According to this line of thinking, the American philosopher, ed., “The Philosophy of Brand Blanshard, Library of Living Philosophers, ISBN 0875483496, “Autobiography,” p.


The qualities of decency, rectitude and righteousness, as well as uprightness and virtuousness (Principles that guide my own decisions) Conventions, morals, and mores * morals, mores, and conventions (a lecture or a declaration that includes recommendations) * A homily (branch of philosophy) *Ethics and moral philosophy* Ethics and moral philosophy *


* amorality, immorality, amorality

Derived terms

antimorality * morality play * morality story * antimorality



  • The quality or state of being spiritual.
  • A pleasure made for the soul, suitable to itsspirituality.— South. If this light be not spiritual, yet it approacheth nearest tospirituality.— Sir Walter Raleigh. Much of ourspiritualityand comfort in public worship depends on the state of mind in which we come.— Bickersteth.

  • Concern for that which is unseen and intangible, as opposed to physical or mundane.
  • Appreciation for religious values.
  • (obsolete) That which belongs to the church, or to a person as an ecclesiastic, or to religion, as distinct from temporalities.
  • During the vacancy of a see, the archbishop is guardian of thespiritualitiesthereof.— Blackstone.

  • (obsolete) An ecclesiastical body; the whole body of the clergy, as distinct from, or opposed to, the temporality.
  • Five entire subsidies were granted to the king by thespirituality.— Fuller.

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