What Is Spirituality And What Type Of Development Does It Contribute To? (Question)

How do I define spiritual development?

  • Spiritual development, in essence, is to believe in something beyond the material universe and to develop an awareness of realities beyond the confines of time and space.


What are the spiritual development?

Spiritual development, in essence, is to believe in something beyond the material universe and to develop an awareness of realities beyond the confines of time and space. Spiritual development is increasingly aligning God’s purposes for the world with our story.

What is spiritual development in personal development?

Spiritual: Spiritual personal development focuses on giving us the tools we need to become mature, spiritual, and productive disciples of Jesus. Spiritual personal development focuses on our spiritual nature. If we feed our spiritual hunger, then the character of God’s Spirit will grow in our hearts.

What is spiritual contribution?

adj. 1 relating to the spirit or soul and not to physical nature or matter; intangible. 2 of, relating to, or characteristic of sacred things, the Church, religion, etc. 3 standing in a relationship based on communication between the souls or minds of the persons involved.

How does spirituality affect development?

(2009) found that higher levels of spirituality were associated with lower levels of negative affect and higher levels of positive affect, personal growth, purpose in life, positive relationships with others, self-acceptance, environmental mastery, and autonomy.

What is spiritual development example?

Some who write about spiritual development emphasize the continuing nature of spiritual development. For example, Zen master Joko Beck sees spiritual development as something that grows out of the daily practice of sitting meditation and bringing present-moment consciousness to everyday life.

Why is spiritual development is important?

It is clear that spiritual development helps you to act naturally with honesty, integrity, truthfulness, and to live in a way you never imagined before. Spiritual development is so important for your own mental and, of course, physical well-being.

What spirituality means?

Spirituality involves the recognition of a feeling or sense or belief that there is something greater than myself, something more to being human than sensory experience, and that the greater whole of which we are part is cosmic or divine in nature. An opening of the heart is an essential aspect of true spirituality.

How do you develop your spiritual self?

8 ways to boost your spiritual health

  1. Connect with your faith community. According to a Gallup study, 43% of Americans say they belong to a church or other religious body.
  2. Volunteer or help others.
  3. Practice yoga.
  4. Meditate.
  5. Keep a journal.
  6. Spend time in nature.
  7. Focus on your hobbies.
  8. Speak with a chaplain or someone you trust.

How do I develop myself spiritually?

Seven Ways to Improve Your Spiritual Health

  1. Explore your spiritual core. By exploring your spiritual core, you are simply asking yourself questions about the person you are and your meaning.
  2. Look for deeper meanings.
  3. Get it out.
  4. Try yoga.
  5. Travel.
  6. Think positively.
  7. Take time to meditate.

What is spiritual development in early childhood?

Through spiritual development, children learn to be aware of and comfortable with qualities such as respect, responsibility, and reverence for self and others. They learn to be capable of acknowledging differences between people without feeling fear. They develop a love for the earth and take action to protect it.

How does spirituality help in the understanding of the self?

Spirituality is related to the sense of self worth and an awareness of one’s own life within a larger context. Each of the participants reported that spirituality provides a context for their way of living, the decisions they make, and how they interact with the world and other people.

What are the benefits of spirituality?

What are the Benefits of Spirituality?

  • Reduction in stress. Chronic stress is harmful to both physical and mental health.
  • Reduce blood pressure.
  • Improve the functioning of immune system.
  • Reduction in depression.
  • Increased social interactions.
  • Lower rates of anxiety.
  • Overall improvement in mental well-being.
  • Increase longevity.

What is spiritual development in adolescence?

In the most comprehensive research on spirituality in adolescence, Benson and Scales (2009) viewed spiritual development as the dynamic interplay of three main psychological processes: (a) Being aware of the strengths, wonder, and beauty both within the self and the world in ways that cultivate meaning, identity, and

How does spirituality affect an individual personal development?

Spirituality is that part of yourself that helps you find meaning, connectedness and purpose in your life. Research shows that spirituality is related to better health outcomes. Spirituality seems to help people cope with illness, suffering and death. Spirituality also influences end-of-life decisions.

Why is spirituality important for kids?

Summary: A new study suggests that spirituality, not religious practices, determine how happy children are. New study suggests spirituality, not religious practices, determine how happy children are. To make children happier, we may need to encourage them to develop a strong sense of personal worth, according to Dr.

Spirituality Can Improve Many Aspects of Your Life and Health

Spirituality is a wide notion that encompasses a belief in something greater than oneself. The belief in a higher power can be based on religious traditions, but it can also be based on a holistic belief in one’s connectedness to others and to the rest of the universe, as in the Buddhist tradition. People who practice spirituality hold to a worldview that says that there is more to existence than simply what they can perceive with their senses and bodies. Instead, it indicates that there is something bigger at work that ties all living things to one another and to the rest of the cosmos.

People from all walks of life have turned to spirituality and religious activities as a source of comfort and stress alleviation for centuries.

Signs of Spirituality

Spirituality is not limited to a specific path or set of beliefs. There are many different methods to experience spirituality, as well as many different advantages of having a spiritual encounter. For others, this may entail the acceptance of a higher power or the participation in a specific religious activity. Those who practice it may feel a sense of connection to a higher state, as well as a sense of interconnectedness with the rest of mankind and the natural world. Some indications of spirituality are as follows:

  • The exploration of difficult themes like as pain and what occurs after death
  • The development of deeper relationships with others
  • The development of compassion and empathy for others Feelings of oneness are being experienced
  • Awe and amazement
  • A desire for pleasure that goes beyond money things or other outward rewards
  • Awe and wonder
  • Looking for meaning and purpose in life
  • Wishing to make the world a better place
  • And so forth.

Not everyone has the same spiritual experiences or displays their spirituality in the same manner. Spiritual experiences can occur in any element of one’s life for some people, while others are more prone to have these sensations under certain circumstances or in specific settings. Examples include persons who are more prone to have spiritual experiences in churches or other religious temples, as well as people who are more likely to have these sentiments when out enjoying the great outdoors.

Types of Spirituality

There are many various styles of spirituality, ranging from religious traditions to more secular approaches, and each has its own distinctive characteristics. Some of the most important types of spirituality are as follows:

  • Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Humanism, Islam, Judaism, New Age Spirituality, and Sikhism are all religions.

Keeping in mind that there are many different spiritual traditions that exist around the world, including traditional African and Indigenous spiritual practices, is critical to remembering this. When it comes to groups of people who have been subjugated to the impacts of colonialism, spiritual rituals like these might be particularly essential.


It is possible for people to turn to spirituality for a variety of reasons.

These include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • To discover one’s life’s purpose and meaning: Investigating spirituality can assist people in discovering answers to philosophical problems such as “what is the meaning of life?” and “what purpose does my life serve?” When dealing with stress, sadness, and anxiety, spiritual experiences can be quite beneficial
  • Nevertheless, they should not be relied upon only for this purpose. In order to restore hope and optimism, spirituality can assist people in developing a more optimistic attitude on their lives. Because spiritual traditions are frequently associated with organized faiths or groups, being a member of one of these organizations may be an extremely valuable resource for finding social support.

Impact of Spirituality

Though spiritual beliefs and practices are a matter of personal conviction, science has established some of the advantages of spirituality and spiritual engagement. However, while the findings will come as no surprise to anybody who has found solace in their religious or spiritual beliefs, they are notable for the fact that they illustrate in a scientific manner that these activities are beneficial to a large number of individuals. More favorable discoveries relating to spirituality and its impact on physical and mental health include the following, among many others:

  • It has been demonstrated through research that religion and spirituality can assist people in dealing with the impacts of ordinary stress. According to one research, everyday spiritual encounters helped older persons better cope with unpleasant emotions while also increasing happy emotions. Age-related differences in appreciation to God have been found in women over the age of 50, with women experiencing more stress-relieving health benefits as a result of their gratitude. The findings of the study showed that individuals with an intrinsic religious orientation, regardless of gender, had less physiological reaction to stress than those with an extrinsic religious orientation, which is consistent with previous findings. While the intrinsically oriented committed their life to God or a “higher force,” the extrinsically oriented used religion to achieve exterior goals such as gaining friends or raising their social status in the community.

It is possible, based on this and other research, that remaining involved with a spiritual group has concrete and long-term advantages. This connection, along with the thankfulness that often accompany spirituality, can act as a stress-relieving buffer, and it has been related to improved physical and mental wellbeing. Dedication to God or to a “higher force” resulted in reduced stress reactivity, improved emotions of well-being, and, in the end, even a lessened dread of death among participants.

Prayer is effective for both children and adults.

  • Improvements in health
  • Increased psychological well-being
  • Decreased sadness
  • Decreased hypertension
  • Decreased stress, especially during difficult circumstances
  • Increased pleasant sentiments Stress-resistance abilities that are above average


If you are rediscovering a long-forgotten spiritual path, reaffirming your devotion to an already well-established one, or seeking a new source of spiritual fulfillment, studying your spiritual side may be beneficial to your overall health and well being. It is important to remember that spirituality is a very personal experience, and that everyone’s spiritual path is different. However, according to research, some spiritual stress alleviation practices have proven to be beneficial to a wide range of people, independent of their religious beliefs.

  • Consider your emotions: Part of adopting spirituality is accepting all aspects of being human, both the good and the terrible
  • Pay attention to how you are feeling. Concentrate on others: Spirituality is characterized by the opening of your heart, the sense of empathy, and the willingness to serve others. Meditation: Make an effort to spend 10 to 15 minutes each morning engaging in some sort of meditation. Gratitude is something to cultivate: Create a thankfulness diary in which you may record things you are grateful for on a daily basis. As a result, it may serve as a wonderful reminder of what is most important to you and what offers you the most enjoyment. Try focusing on the present moment: You may become more aware and appreciative of the present moment if you practice mindfulness meditation. In order to be more mindful, you should try to be less judgemental (both toward yourself and toward others) and concentrate more on the current moment rather than lingering on the past or the future.

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Potential Pitfalls

In terms of spirituality, one of the major pitfalls is a phenomena called as spiritual bypassing. This is characterized by a proclivity to utilize spirituality as a means of avoiding or sidestepping difficulties, emotions, and conflicts. As an example, rather than apologizing for any form of emotional damage you have caused someone else, you can choose to just excuse the situation by stating that “everything occurs for a reason” or recommending that the other person should “concentrate on the good” instead.

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  1. There is a phenomena called as spiritual bypassing that can cause problems for people who practice spirituality. The inclination to utilize spirituality as a strategy to avoid or bypass difficult situations, emotions, or conflicts is referred to as spiritual avoidance. Consider the following scenario: rather than apologizing for any form of emotional damage you have caused someone else, you can choose to just excuse the situation by stating that “everything occurs for a reason” or by recommending that the other person should simply “concentrate on the good.” However, it is vital to be cautious not to let spiritual aspirations lead to problems such as dogmatism or a justification to neglect the needs of others. Spirituality may improve your life and provide you with a variety of advantages. Your comments are much appreciated. You have successfully registered, and we appreciate your assistance. Unfortunate mistake has occurred. Again, thank you for your patience! For the information in our articles, Verywell Mind exclusively cites high-quality sources, such as peer-reviewed research, to back up its claims. To understand more about how we fact-check and maintain our material accurate, dependable, and trustworthy, see our editing process.

Spiritual Development

Spiritual development is concerned with fundamental concerns about the meaning and purpose of life that are relevant to everyone; it is not dependent on a person’s religious views or allegiance in order to be effective. It has everything to do with the universal desire for individual and social identity, as well as our responses to life’s most difficult situations, such as death, sorrow, beauty, and interactions with both good and evil. It has everything to do with the pursuit of answers to these existential concerns as well as the pursuit of moral principles by which to live.

  • Along with supporting an agenda of excellence and academic rigor, the Vision for Education establishes a goal that a more comprehensive framework is necessary in order for all students to develop.
  • Making a definition of spiritual growth According to Rebecca Nye, spirituality may be described as a state of being aware of one’s relationships.
  • Spiritual development is the duty of the entire school community.
  • A school’s overall ethos, communal worship, and the entire curriculum are all factors that might influence students’ spiritual growth (including RE).
  • Here are a few instances of development that can serve as useful parallels in the future:
  • Plant – produces new branches and grows in a measured manner
  • Grows in a measurable way
  • Debate – orator elaborates on a point or, maybe more productively, on a series of points
  • Photography is the process by which a photographic picture is’realized’ or’made visible’ on a piece of paper or film.

Spirituality is a naturally occurring human ability. It is not about becoming more spiritual that one is developing spiritually (in a measurable or expansive sense). It is about realizing or growing more and more conscious of one’s inherent, innate spirituality as time progresses, and it is a process. This is sometimes a lengthy and steady process, and at other times there may be huge steps of realisation that are all part of the continual ‘growing’ process that is taking place. In contrast to the evolution of a photograph, humans do not attain a final state of spiritual development, but rather take part in the continual process of spiritual realisation and realization.

  • Many people believe that children are spiritually more aware than adults, and that this is true.
  • Plans for spiritual development might be organized according to patterns.
  • Spirituality Ricketts Progress Grids, in especially, are excellent tools for assessing and planning in the spiritual realm.
  • Windows provide youngsters with opportunity to become more aware of the world in fresh ways; to be inspired by life’s ‘WOWs’ (things that are astounding) and ‘OWs’ (things that are ordinary) (things that bring us up short).
  • Mirrors provide youngsters with opportunity to reflect on their own experiences, to ponder on life’s major questions, and to consider some possible solutions to those concerns.
  • Opening up doors for children to respond to all of this; providing them with opportunities to do something creative as a manner of expressing, applying, and further developing their beliefs and convictions.
  • Mindfulness and spiritual growth are two important aspects of life.

Despite the fact that there is currently a paucity of empirical evidence to support all of the claims made about its effectiveness, there appears to be some evidence to suggest that the teaching of mindfulness skills has the potential to significantly enhance the spiritual development of young people.

She compares this with the condition of mindlessness, in which the respondent wanders through life with little awareness of what is going on around them, ‘ruminating on the past or fretting about the future’, according to the author.

Several studies have demonstrated that mindfulness has benefits in the areas of psychological health and well-being, among other things. The following are the most important questions for the schools:

  • What possibilities do learners have to satisfy their spiritual needs as a result of the school’s Christian vision? What role does spirituality play in school life, and how does this play out? What is the ramifications of this for the learner (as well as for the faculty and the larger community)
  • The process through which staff members are introduced to and nurtured so that they have a common sense of spirituality and spiritual growth

Additional reading is recommended: Spiritual Growth: Interpretations of spiritual development in the classroom is a Church of England advice document published in 2015. SMSC Curriculum Examples is a Church of England guidance document published in 2015. WMD for Spiritual Development (article byLiz Mills) Stapleford Centre ISBN 978-1-90223447-2 Making Sense of Spiritual Development in Religious Observance and the Broader Curriculum by David Smith and Alison Farnell Nye R (Nye R’s initials) (2009) What is children’s spirituality, and why is it important to them?

Religious observance and the wider curriculum provide opportunities for spiritual growth in the primary school.

J Ortberg is a professor of mathematics (2010) The Me I want to be is someone who strives to be the finest version of themselves that God has created.

The Church of England is a denomination in the United Kingdom that was founded in the year 1066.

What is spirituality?

Perhaps you’ve heard others talk about spirituality but aren’t sure what it entails. Unlike religion, it may be practiced by anybody, regardless of religious beliefs or affiliation. Learn about the many types of spirituality available, as well as the reasons why some individuals choose to live spiritual lives.

What is spirituality?

Spirituality is something that is frequently discussed, but it is also something that is frequently misinterpreted. The majority of people mistakenly believe that spirituality and religion are synonymous, and as a result, they bring their religious ideas and prejudices into debates about spirituality. Despite the fact that spiritualism is emphasized by all faiths as a component of faith, it is possible to be’spiritual’ without being religious or a member of an organized organization.

What’s the difference between religion and spirituality?

Many people talk about spirituality, yet it’s something that’s frequently misinterpreted. Many individuals believe that spirituality and religion are synonymous, and as a result, they bring their religious views and preconceptions to conversations about spirituality. It is possible to be “spiritual” without being religious or a member of an organized religion, even though spiritualism is emphasized as a component of faith in all religious traditions.

Why do people practise spirituality?

A person’s life might be filled with ups and downs, happy times and bad times. Many individuals consider spirituality to be an excellent means of finding comfort and serenity in their lives. It is frequently used in conjunction with other techniques such as yoga, which are all geared at stress relief and emotional release. Spirituality is a method of getting a different viewpoint. Spirituality recognizes that your function in life has higher significance than the tasks you perform on a daily basis.

It has the potential to free you from your reliance on material possessions while also assisting you in discovering your life’s bigger purpose. Spirituality may also be employed as a coping mechanism when faced with adversity or uncertainty.

What can I do now?

  • Learn more about the various ways in which spirituality may be expressed. Make use of meditation to obtain a better understanding of your situation
  • Learn about the history and practice of many styles of spirituality by doing some research.

Explore other topics

Finding the most appropriate place to begin might be difficult at times. You can use our ‘What’s on your mind?’ feature to help you figure out what’s best for you. What exactly is on your mind?

Our Research on Spiritual Development and Its Impact on Youth

We developed the following working definition as a result of our international research spanning traditions and cultures: One aspect of spiritual growth is the interplay that occurs between one’s interior journey and one’s outward journey on a continual, continuing, and dynamic basis, according to the author. A minimum of three main developmental processes (which are highlighted differently in different cultures and traditions) are involved in the process of human growth and development:

  • Awareness or awakening—Being or being aware of or waking to one’s own self, others, and the world (which may be considered to include the holy or divine) in ways that foster a sense of identity, meaning, and purpose is what awareness and awakening are all about. It is possible to divide this procedure into two themes:
  • Self-awareness is defined as the realization of one’s own inherent strength. World-awareness is defined as the ability to recognize the beauty, grandeur, and awe of the cosmos.
  • Finding, accepting, or experiencing significance in one’s relationships to and interdependence with others, the world, or one’s sense of the transcendent (which may include an understanding of God or a higher power)
  • And linking to narratives, beliefs, and traditions that give meaning to human experience throughout history. Interconnecting and belonging A life that is integrated—truly expressing one’s strengths, identity, passions, values, and creativity through relationships, activities, and/or practices that shape bonds with oneself, one’s family, one’s community, one’s humanity, one’s world, and/or that which one considers to be transcendent or sacred

Research Briefs and Reports

With Their Own Voices: A Global Exploration of How Today’s Young People Experience and Think about Spiritual Development, published by the Center for Spiritual Development, is a book about how today’s young people experience and think about spiritual development. Eugene C. Roehlkepartain, Peter L. Benson, Peter C. Scales, Lisa Kimball, and Pamela E. King are among those who have contributed to this work.


Early spirituality and religious participation are associated with later adolescent well-being, according to a new study. Peter C. Scales, Ph.D. Selected New Statistics on Spirituality and Adolescent Well-Being, Peter C. Scales, Ph.D.


P. L. Benson, E. C. Roehlkepartain, and K. Hong have published a paper in which they argue that (Eds.). (2008). Spiritual development: New paths for the advancement of young people. Wiley Publishing, Hoboken, New Jersey. Roehlkepartain, E. C., King, P. E., Wagener, L. M., and Benson, P. L. Roehlkepartain, E. C., King, P. E., Wagener, L. M., and Benson, P. L. (Eds.). (2006). The spiritual development of children and adolescents: a guide for parents and teachers Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California.

  • M., Johnson, A.
  • E., Roehlkepartain, E.
  • Yust, K.
  • N., Sasso, S.
  • C.
  • (2006).
  • Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Lanham, Maryland.

Peer-Reviewed Articles and Chapters

P. L. Benson, E. C. Roehlkepartain, and K. Hong have published a paper in which they describe their research (Eds.). (2008). Young people’s spiritual development: New directions in the field Wiley Publishing, Hoboken, NJ. Roehlkepartain, E. C., King, P. E., Wagener, L. M., and Benson, P. L. (2001). Roehlkepartain, E. C., King, P. E., Wagener, L. M., and Benson, P. L. (2001). (Eds.). (2006). The spiritual development of children and adolescents: a guide for parents and educators Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.

M., Johnson, A.

E., Roehlkepartain and colleagues (Roehlkepartain and colleagues (Roehlkepartain and colleagues (Roehlkepartain and colleagues) (Eds.).

(2006). The spiritual development of children and adolescents: perspectives from throughout the world’s religious traditions Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Lanham, MD.

Why Is Spirituality Important?

There is an increasing amount of data demonstrating that spiritual activities are related with improved health and well-being for a variety of reasons, including the following:

Contemplative practice is good for you.

Many factors, including but not limited to: spiritual activities are related with improved health and well-being, according to an ever-expanding body of research.

  1. Meditation may help you feel peaceful and clear-headed, and it can also help you enhance your concentration and attention span. According to brain researcher Richard Davidson’s studies, meditation enhances the gray matter density of the brain, which can lower sensitivity to pain, strengthen your immune system, assist you in regulating tough emotions, and relieve stress. People suffering from depression and anxiety, cancer, fibromyalgia, chronic pain, rheumatoid arthritis, type 2 diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome, and cardiovascular disease have all found mindfulness meditation to be beneficial. In addition to the relaxation response, prayer may evoke good emotions such as sentiments of hope, appreciation, and compassion, all of which are beneficial to one’s general well-being. There are many different styles of prayer, many of them are based on the concept that there is a higher power who has some sort of control over your life. There are various varieties of prayer. A sense of comfort and support can be provided by this belief in tough times—a recent research discovered that severely depressed persons who felt their prayers were heard by a caring presence reacted much better to therapy than those who did not believe
  2. Incorporating physical postures, ethical behavior, and breath expansion, yoga has been practiced for thousands of years to bring about a sense of unity inside the practitioner. Yoga has been shown to reduce inflammation and stress, as well as sadness and anxiety, lower blood pressure, and boost emotions of well-being when practiced regularly. In addition to journaling, which is frequently disregarded as a contemplative activity, it may assist you in being more aware of your inner life as well as feeling more connected to your experience and the surrounding world. According to research, writing through tough times might assist you in finding meaning in life’s struggles and being more resilient in the face of adversities.
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Spirituality and Health

Meaning, hope, comfort, and inner peace may all be found via spirituality. Spirituality is a way of life. Religion is a popular way for many individuals to find spirituality. Those who discover it via music, art, or a connection with nature are among those who do so. Others discover it inside their own set of beliefs and ideas.

How is spirituality related to health?

No one is completely certain of the relationship between spirituality and health. However, it appears that the body, the intellect, and the soul are all intertwined. The health of any one of these aspects appears to have an impact on the other elements. According to some study, there is a link between your beliefs and your overall feeling of well-being. Positive ideas, comfort, and strength received via religion, meditation, and prayer may all contribute to a person’s well-being and well-being can be improved.

Even if improving your spiritual health does not cure your sickness, it may be able to make you feel better.

Path to improved health

If you wish to increase your spiritual well-being, you might want to consider some of the suggestions below. Keep in mind, however, that everyone is an individual. If something works for someone else, it may or may not work for you. Make the decision that is most comfortable for you.

  • Examine your life and identify the things that provide you with a sense of inner calm, comfort, strength, love, and connection. Make time every day to perform the activities that will benefit your spiritual well-being. Participating in community service or volunteer work, praying, meditating, singing devotional songs, reading inspirational books, taking nature walks, setting aside quiet time for reflection, practicing yoga, participating in sports, or attending religious services are examples of activities that can be done.

Things to consider

If you are being treated by a doctor for a medical condition, you should consider discussing your spiritual views with him or her. Your spiritual beliefs and practices may have an impact on your sentiments and ideas concerning your medical condition. Inform your doctor if you believe that your spiritual views are having an impact on your health care decisions. If your spiritual beliefs are interfering with your ability to follow your doctor’s advice, you should always notify him or her.

When to see a doctor

Speak to your family doctor about your spiritual views, thoughts, or concerns if they are giving you anxiety. If your doctor is unable to assist you with these concerns, he or she may be able to refer you to someone who is.

Questions for your doctor

  • Is it possible that my spiritual or religious views have an affect on my health? Is it necessary for me to communicate my spiritual or religious convictions with you
  • If so, please explain.


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Health-Related Quality of Life survey measures how people feel about their health. The American Academy of Family Physicians retains ownership of the copyright. This material is intended to offer a basic overview and may not be applicable to all situations. Consult with your primary care physician to determine whether or not this information applies to you and to obtain further information on this subject.

Spirituality as a key positive youth development construct for university students

For the time being, you will not be able to view or download this content. If you believe you should have access to this information through one of your institutional or personal accounts, please log in with the appropriate credentials. This publication is being shown in a limited preview form: Presented in this document is the curriculum for a spirituality lecture in the course “Tomorrow’s Leaders,” which was established by The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and taught at the University of Hong Kong.

It covers the following topics related to the construct of spirituality: definition and basic concepts of spirituality, theories of spirituality, antecedents of spirituality, adolescent developmental outcomes associated with spirituality, spirituality and leadership, and ways to promote spiritual leadership.

Daniel T.L.


As defined by the American Psychological Association, spirituality is “the recognition of the existence of a being or a force that exists apart from and above the material parts of life and provides a sense of completeness or connectivity to the cosmos.” The development of one’s spirituality is an internal developmental process that aids a person in changing and connecting with the rest of the cosmos.

It has been discovered by researchers that spirituality has substantial influence on several elements of teenage development and encourages adolescents to participate actively in social activities.

An overview of spiritual notions and philosophies will be provided throughout this talk.

Intended learning outcomes

Students should be able to do the following after attending this lecture:

  1. The following topics will be covered: definitions, fundamental ideas, and theories connected to spirituality
  2. Summary of the causes and effects of spirituality
  3. Examination of the relationship between spirituality and leadership
  4. And investigate possible avenues for promoting spirituality
  5. Understand the theoretical and practical difficulties that surround spirituality

Teaching methods

  • Lecture, video viewing, experiential learning activity, group discussion, meditation, and self-reflection are all part of the curriculum.

Lecture Plan

Part 1: Spirituality definitions and theories are discussed.

  • “What is the meaning of life?” is a warm-up activity. “Tuesdays with Morrie” is the subject of a group conversation. “My treasure box” is an activity for self-reflection.

Part 2: Spirituality’s causes and implications are discussed. Part 3: Spirituality and Leadership: Spiritual practices for achieving success in leadership.

  • “A spiritual leader” is depicted in the video clip. “Mandela’s spiritual practices” will be discussed in group.

Part 4: Ways to Encourage Spiritual Growth Section 5: Concluding remarks and student reflection

Required reading:

Shek, D.T., Spirituality as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review, Journal of Positive Youth Development, vol. ScientificWorldJ 2012, DOI:10.1100/2012/458953, is a peer-reviewed journal.


Categorizing concepts of religion and spirituality in the psychological literature: A content analytic approach (Scott AB, 2003). 1997 manuscript that was never published. In Hill PC, Pargamnet KI, Hood RW Jr, McCullough ME, Swyers JP, Larson DB, Zinnbauer BJ, Hood RW Jr, McCullough ME, Swyers JP, Larson DB, Zinnbauer BJ. Conceptualizing religion and spirituality: commonalities and differences, as well as starting points J Theoretical Social Behavior, volume 30, pages 51–77, 2000. Google Scholar is a good place to start.

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Nursing Standard 2000;14:32–6.Do a Google Scholar search for this article.

Clarion Books, New York, New York, 1962.

China’s spirituality is discussed in detail in Shek DT’s book.

Oxford University Press, 2010:343–66.

Google Scholar is a good place to start.

Wong PT is the editor of this book.

Routledge, New York, 2012, pp.

Google Scholar is a good place to start.

Academic Search Engine (Google Scholar) search for ScientificWorldJ 2012 (doi:10.1100/2012/458953).

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Program Goals

  • More possibilities for kids to connect with their “inner selves” should be made available to them. This will aid in the development of their academic and leadership abilities, as well as the improvement of their psychological well-being and contentment with college (derived from “Attending to Students’ Inner Lives: A Call to Higher Education, April 2011).
  • Students’ spiritual growth will be emphasized via involvement and participation in high-impact activities such as interfaith discussion, philanthropic action, and reflection/meditation exercises. Contribute to the Essential Learning Outcomes (LEAP) in the areas of understanding of human cultures, the physical and natural world, intercultural knowledge and competency, ethical thinking and action, and engagement with major problems, both contemporary and timeless. In order to achieve their objectives, religious or spiritual activities or services should give chances for students to:
  • Develop a personal philosophy of life and express it verbally
  • Acquire the abilities and information necessary to deal with issues of values, ethics, and morality. In this paper, we will look at the connection of faith, intellectual inquiry, and social duty as a basis for discovering and confirming purpose and fulfillment in life. Taking part in and facilitating interaction between and among representatives of religious and/or spiritual organizations and the secular sector Participate in the manifestation of one’s faith(s) alongside other people


Produce an expression of one’s personal life philosophy. Gaining the abilities and information necessary to deal with issues of values, ethics, and morality is essential. In this paper, we will look at the connection of faith, intellectual inquiry, and social duty as a basis for discovering and confirming purpose and fulfillment in life. Participate in and facilitate discussion between and among representatives of religious and/or spiritual organizations and the secular world; Participate in the expression of one’s faith(s) alongside other people.

  • The degree to which the student is actively attempting to become a more self-aware and enlightened person, as well as to find solutions to life’s puzzles and “great questions,” is reflected in the Spiritual Quest category. It evaluates the amount to which a student is able to find meaning in difficult circumstances, feels at peace, sees each day as a gift, and is satisfied with the direction her life is taking. It displays the student’s devotion to ideals such as assisting people in need, alleviating pain and suffering around the globe, as well as encouraging racial understanding. Participating in community work, providing money to a charitable organization, and assisting friends with personal issues are examples of actions that fall under this category. Having an Ecumenical Worldview indicates the extent to which the student is interested in different religious traditions and seeks to understand other countries and cultures. It also indicates the extent to which the student feels a strong connection to all humanity and believes that all life is interconnected.
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The degree to which a student is actively attempting to become a more self-aware and enlightened person, as well as to find solutions to life’s puzzles and “great questions,” is reflected in the Spiritual Quest category. It evaluates the amount to which a student is able to find meaning in difficult circumstances, feels at peace, views each day as a gift, and is satisfied with the direction her life is taking. It displays the student’s devotion to ideals such as assisting people in need, alleviating pain and suffering around the globe, as well as encouraging racial understanding; Participating in community work, providing money to a charitable organization, and assisting friends with personal troubles are examples of charitable involvement.

  • Despite the fact that Religious Engagement and Religious/social Conservatism both decrease somewhat during college, students’ spiritual traits significantly improve. Students who are actively involved in “inner labor” such as self-reflection, contemplation, or meditation at college have the most significant spiritual growth and development. Additionally, meditation and self-reflection can help to increase religious commitment and participation in religious activities
  • Volunteering for community service projects at college, assisting friends with personal issues, and contributing money to charitable organizations all help students develop their other four spiritual traits. Students’ spiritual growth is aided by exposing them to a variety of people, cultures, and ideas through study abroad, interracial contact, interdisciplinary coursework, service learning, and other types of civic participation. Students’ scholastic progress and personal growth are enhanced when they develop spiritual traits such as Equanimity, Ethic of Caring, and an Ecumenical Worldview, among others. Similar effects were not observed in association with an increase in religious characteristics. Giving students greater opportunity to connect with their “inner selves” helps their progress in academic and leadership abilities, contributes to their psychological well-being, and increases their contentment with college.

Remarks from the research summary section of “Attendance to Students’ Inner Lives: A Call to Higher Education,” published in April 2011.

Spirituality and mental illness

Spirituality and religion can play a significant part in your life, depending on your beliefs. This article discusses what spirituality and religion are and how they can be beneficial if you are suffering from a mental health problem. If you are a caregiver for someone who is suffering from a mental health problem or if you are a health professional, you may find this website beneficial.

If you would like more advice or information you can contact our Advice and Information Service by clickinghere.

  • There is a distinction between spirituality and religion
  • The importance that spirituality and religion may have in one’s mental health should be recognized by health care practitioners. Spirituality and religion may be beneficial in the management of your illness. You may discover that it provides you with hope and comfort. Spirituality and religion might be included into your treatment by your health experts. If you would like it to be included in your care plan, please ask your care coordinator to do so. You might prepare a written advance statement to inform health-care professionals of your religious or spiritual requirements. In the event that you lose the ability to make decisions about your own care and treatment in the future, professionals should review your advanced directive.

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What is spirituality / religion?

There are several ways to approach the subject of spirituality. One way of thinking about it is that it is the significance and purpose that you seek in your life that you are seeking. It should instill confidence in you and make you feel good about yourself. Spiritual practices might include items such as the following, for example:

  • Involvement in an organized religious group
  • Meditation and prayer Mental health professionals recommend mindfulness as an effective therapy, which is frequently provided through the NHS. It is founded on meditation
  • It is characterized by adhering to a set of principles that you have established for yourself. Consider, for example, how you interact with others. Putting a strong emphasis on spiritual principles such as honesty, love, optimism, and compassion

What is religion?

Religion is associated with a certain religious faith, tradition, or institution, among other things. If you are religious, you may have the belief in the existence of a deity. Everyone who adheres to the same religion will build their values on principles that are shared by everybody. Religion, on the other hand, is up to interpretation. Essentially, this means that even while people hold similar underlying views, they may hold divergent values. A religious leader’s role is to help you through the many stages of your religious journey.

If you adhere to a religious belief system, it is possible that you accept particular behaviors or instruction. For example, you may be required to perform particular tasks at a specific time, such as praying. Alternatively, refraining from consuming particular meals.

Are spirituality and religion the same?

The concepts of spirituality and religion are intertwined. Spirituality, on the other hand, can be more comprehensive and encompass a wide range of activities. Depending on who you ask, the phrase might signify different things. Alternatively, you might adhere to a widely held spiritual belief. Without being religious, it is possible to be spiritual. Religion and spirituality can aid in the development of inner strength, tranquility, hope, and optimism, among other things.

Can spirituality be helpful / harmful?

Spirituality and religion may be beneficial in coping with difficult life situations and in improving one’s mental well-being. There are several ways that spirituality and religion might benefit your mental health, including the following:

  • In order to cope with unpleasant life situations and enhance one’s mental health, spirituality and religion may be quite beneficial. Several ways that spirituality and religion might benefit your mental health are listed below.

Can spirituality and religion be harmful during mental illness?

Certain religious and spiritual views might be powerful, but there are other beliefs that can be detrimental. They may cause you to feel guilty or as if you are in desperate need of forgiveness. This might have a negative impact on your emotional well-being. Depending on your religious beliefs, you may be accused of being possessed by demons or spirits if you suffer from a mental illness. Those who disagree with you may argue that mental illness is a punishment for anything you have done wrong.

  • Exorcisms, herbal treatments, and witchcraft are just a few of the things that some organizations may offer to aid you with your problem.
  • Individuals in spiritual or religious groups, just as there are in every other aspect of society, may take advantage of those who are most vulnerable.
  • You may be more receptive to those who are attempting to persuade you to accept their point of view.
  • Extremists are those who hold extremely strong political or religious opinions that include the following:
  • Hateful
  • Harmful
  • Not shared by the majority of the population
  • Or against the law

They may attempt to persuade you to accept and adhere to their radical viewpoints and activities. This is referred to as “radicalisation.” Individuals suffering from mental illnesses are more prone to extremism.

Who can I talk to about my needs?

More than half of those who seek mental health treatment say that religion or spirituality has helped them to better manage their mental health problems. However, people frequently find it difficult to bring up the subject with their health-care providers. If you wish to start thinking about or talking about your religious or spiritual needs, you might want to consider the questions below:

  • What gives you the strength to persevere during difficult circumstances
  • What do you want your life to be about
  • What do you consider to be essential
  • Has something happened to you that has caused you to reconsider your position? Do you have a sense of belonging and worth
  • Do you feel protected
  • Do you have a sense of purpose? Are you being listened to as much as you would like to be? That which helps you feel supported
  • That which makes you feel joyful

It may be beneficial for your mental health recovery to talk about how you feel you fit into the world and your own values with someone you trust. It may be of use in determining your sentiments, views, and attitude toward religion and spirituality, among other things. The converse is true: asking oneself “huge questions” may make you feel much worse.

Consider carefully who you share your opinions and ideas with and how you communicate with them. You should discuss your concerns with someone you can trust and who respects you. Depending on the situation, this might be a friend or a mental health professional.

Are my health professionals aware of spirituality and religion?

Spirituality and religion may have a good influence on your rehabilitation, and your medical providers should be aware of this. What is essential to you and what you believe in should be the foundation of your rehabilitation. This is referred to as a “meaning-centered strategy.” If you hear voices, for example, your health-care providers should inquire about the following kind of things:

  • What impact the voices are having on your life
  • What you’re doing to make sense of them
  • What you’re thinking about. What you’re doing to deal with them

As part of your evaluation, your mental health professional should take notes on what the voices mean to you individually. They shouldn’t just record the symptom on its own without any context. Sharing your own ideas and values with experts might help them gain a better understanding of your perspective on the world. This may have an influence on the treatment strategy you develop. There are certain organizations, such as ‘The Janki Foundation,’ that are dedicated to assisting healthcare workers in understanding the significance of spirituality in their job.

The purpose of the forum is to assist doctors in exploring the spiritual problems that sometimes accompany mental illness.

Discussing spirituality if I lack mental capacity

How can I inform health-care experts about my faith or religion if I am unable to communicate due to mental illness? It is possible that you will not be able to make decisions or explain your choices to healthcare providers in some situations. This is referred to as the loss of mental ability. If you are sick, you may experience a loss of mental capacity. This might be for a short period of time or for an extended period of time. Not everyone who is sick will experience a loss of mental capacity.

  • A broad preference for your treatment and care is expressed in an advance statement.
  • Having this knowledge will be beneficial if others are called upon to make judgments in your best interests in the future.
  • Unless you have the mental capacity to make decisions for yourself, other people will make those decisions for you.
  • You may learn more about ‘Planning you care’ by visiting their website.

Useful contacts

‘Creating Space for Spirituality’ is the title of this article. The Mental Health Foundation has published a brochure titled ‘Making Space for Spirituality’ that can be downloaded for free. Written for health-care workers, it provides practical guidance on how to support and react to the spiritual needs of those who require assistance. Website:www.mentalhealth.org.uk/publications/making-space-spirituality The National Spirituality and Mental Health Forum is a non-profit organization. They have compiled a list of spiritual and religious resources as well as organizations that are associated with mental health issues.

  1. National Spirituality and Mental Health Forum, 36 Greenacres, Hendon Lane, London, N3 3SF (National Spirituality and Mental Health Forum).
  2. The address is BA/ APCMH, c/o St Paul’s Church, 5 Rossmore Road, London, NW1 6NJ.
  3. Website:www.beingalongside.org.uk/JEWISH Chizuk Chizuk’s mission is to assist persons and their families who are suffering from mental health issues in the Orthodox Jewish community.
  4. The address for Chizuk is 91-93 Stamford Hill in London, N16 5TP.
  5. Email:[email protected] A commitment to assisting persons within the Jewish community recover from mental illness has driven the Jewish Association for the Mentally Ill (JAMI) to be established.
  6. mail:[email protected] Website:www.jamiuk.org Care for the Jewish People They provide a variety of services to Jewish individuals who are facing emotional challenges and discomfort, as well as those who are dealing with mental health issues.
  7. Phone: +44 (0)20 8922 2222.

mail:[email protected] Website:www.jewishcare.org ISLAMIC Muslims’ Mental Health and Well-Being Their website is based in the United States and provides information on mental health concerns that is both professionally validated and beneficial to Muslims.

A nonprofit, the Muslim Youth Helpline (MYH), provides assistance to young Muslim persons in the United Kingdom that are faith-based and culturally sensitive in nature.

Open from 4 p.m.

Email:[email protected] Website:www.myh.org.uk/SPIRITUALITY SCN is an acronym for Spiritual Crisis Network.

Through the website, you may send an email.

(2001), a group of researchers led by Cook et al.

Religion and spirituality are two terms that are used interchangeably.

They are a charitable organization based in the United Kingdom that advocates for the integration of spirituality and healthcare.

Information can be obtained by calling (020 8459 1400) or emailing [email protected]

Website:www.jankifoundation.org This special interest group is for anyone who are interested in spirituality and psychiatry.

Here, psychiatrists may discuss the impact that spirituality and religion can have on their patients in a safe and confidential environment. Website:www.rcpsych.ac.uk/workinpsychiatry/specialinterestgroups/spirituality.aspx

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