Morality vs Spirituality – What’s the difference? | WikiDiff
- As nouns the difference between morality and spirituality is that morality is (uncountable) recognition]] of the distinction between good and evil or between right and wrong; respect for and obedience to the rules of right conduct; the mental disposition or characteristic of [[behave|behaving in a manner intended to produce morally good results while spirituality is
- 1 What’s the difference between spirituality and morality?
- 2 What is the relationship between spirituality and morality?
- 3 What is the difference between spiritual education and moral education?
- 4 What is the important of spirituality in morality?
- 5 What spirituality means?
- 6 What is spiritual and moral development?
- 7 What is example of moral spiritual?
- 8 What is the purpose of spiritual and moral education?
- 9 What are spiritual beliefs?
- 10 What is spiritual education?
- 11 What are the spiritual and social values explain?
- 12 Why should a teacher need to master the spiritual and moral values?
- 13 What is ethics and spirituality?
- 14 What is moral spiritual changes?
- 15 What are some examples of spiritual values?
- 16 Difference between Spirituality and Morality
- 17 Morality vs Spirituality – What’s the difference?
- 18 English
- 19 Morality & Spirituality
- 20 Morality Versus Spirituality, A Lecture by Charlie Lutes
- 21 World History for Us All: Key Theme Seven
- 22 Why Do We Need to Understand this KeyTheme?
- 23 What’s the Difference Between Morality and Ethics?
- 24 Moral and Ethics in Spirituality – New Delhi Times – India Only International Newspaper
- 25 Spiritual, Moral, Social & Cultural Values
What’s the difference between spirituality and morality?
The spiritual life reveals the one essence in all, but reveals too its infinite diversity; it works for diversity in oneness and for perfection in that diversity. Morality lifts up one artificial standard contrary to the variety of life and the freedom of the spirit.
What is the relationship between spirituality and morality?
The positive correlation between spirituality and morality is possibly because individuals all over the world, across cultures, believe in the existence of a supreme power. The beliefs they practice obey certain doctrines which tend to be similar, (do not steal, do not knowingly hurt another person, etc.)
What is the difference between spiritual education and moral education?
Spiritual development is the development of the non-material aspects of life, focusing on personal insight, values, meanings and purpose. Moral development involves supporting students to make considered choices around their behaviour and the values that provide a framework for how they choose to live.
What is the important of spirituality in morality?
Appreciation of spiritual and moral values informs the life of the truly educated person. When this happens a moral context is given to what one does with the knowledge one has gained. The Chapel exists to give direction to the implementation of spiritual and religious values in character formation.
What spirituality means?
Spirituality involves the recognition of a feeling or sense or belief that there is something greater than myself, something more to being human than sensory experience, and that the greater whole of which we are part is cosmic or divine in nature. An opening of the heart is an essential aspect of true spirituality.
What is spiritual and moral development?
Spiritual & Moral Development. “Moral Education is the source of that spiritual equilibrium on which everything else depends and which may be compared to the physical equilibrium or sense of balance without which it is impossible to stand upright or to move into any other position.”
What is example of moral spiritual?
Prayer and worship. Deep feelings of what is felt to be ultimately important. A sense of security, well-being, worth and purposefulness.
What is the purpose of spiritual and moral education?
Learning through religious and moral education enables me to: recognise religion as an important expression of human experience. learn about and from the beliefs, values, practices and traditions of Christianity and the world religions selected for study, other traditions and viewpoints independent of religious belief.
What are spiritual beliefs?
Spiritual beliefs include the relationship to a superior being and are related to an existential perspective on life, death, and the nature of reality. 11. Religious beliefs include practices/rituals such as prayer or meditation and engagement with religious community members.
What is spiritual education?
For others, spirituality in education refers to ” a sense of awe, wonder, mystery, a search for meaning and purpose, feelings and emotions, self-knowledge and beliefsthese beliefs need not necessarily be related to a religious belief system” (O’Brien, 1998, p.
ability to be reflective about their own beliefs, religious or otherwise, that inform their perspective on life and their interest in and respect for different people’s faiths, feelings and values.
Why should a teacher need to master the spiritual and moral values?
A relationship between spirituality, morality and teacher practice is perceived in the search for an integral and human education, moral and spiritual issues are indispensable; understanding of human values and rights; as a (coping) resource for the teacher to find meaning and professional and personal purpose; in
What is ethics and spirituality?
Spirituality in Ethical Decision Making and Behaviors people to understand their world and give them a meaning for life and existence while also shaping one’s ethical, moral beliefs, attitudes, and values (Creighton-Smith et al., 2017).
What is moral spiritual changes?
Moral and Spiritual Changes an idealistic sense of social justice and fairness. a need to have choices and make personal decisions. a desire to make a difference in the world and in the lives of others. an interest in learning about other cultures and beliefs.
What are some examples of spiritual values?
To make a list, then spiritual values include: Honesty Trust Kindness
Difference between Spirituality and Morality
In everyday life and the wider world, spirituality is frequently mistaken with morality, and vice versa. The two are seen as being interchangeable. One has the impression that if one is attempting to live according to certain moral ideals, one is quite spiritual in nature. One is unable to comprehend the conduct and behavior of spiritual people, however, because they do not always adhere to the conventional standards of decency and ethics. And this type of ambiguity and misunderstanding is really typical and widely prevalent.
Here is the Mother’s illuminating response, which clearly demonstrates the distinction in a straightforward manner and also provides new insight into a variety of topics, which now look in a completely different light.
The spiritual life, or the life of Yoga, has as its goal the development of divine consciousness, and as its outcome the purification, intensification, glorifying, and perfection of what already exists within you.
When it comes to morality, it is a mental construction that begins with a few notions about what is good and what is not, and ends with the establishment of an ideal type into which everyone must push themselves.
- In spite of this, it proclaims itself to be a singular type, a categorical absolute; it admits of no other types outside of itself; it does not even permit of variations within itself.
- Because morality has such a hard, artificial aspect, it is diametrically opposed to the spiritual life both in its principles and in its application to reality.
- Morality elevates one artificial norm above all others, which is in opposition to the variety of life and the freedom of the soul.
- Everyone must put forth effort in order to attain the same attributes and the same ideal nature.
- Morality assumes as its fundamental element a set separation between the good and the wicked; nonetheless, this is an arbitrary distinction to be drawn.
- Morality goes so far as to assert that there are good wants and evil desires, and it encourages you to accept the good and reject the bad in order to live a decent life.
- In accordance with its rules, you must renounce any and all movements that draw you away from God.
- This description encompasses all wants, whether good or negative, because desire itself emerges from a unillumined vital being and the ignorance that it has.
- However, you accept them not because they are good in and of themselves, but because they lead you closer to the Divine Source.
You should reject everything that pulls you away from the Divine Life, but you should avoid categorizing things as good or bad and attempting to force your viewpoint on others; because what you consider harmful may be exactly what your neighbor needs who is not attempting to realize the Divine Life.
- Normal societal concepts discriminate between two types of men: the generous and the avaricious, to name a few examples.
- However, from the perspective of spiritual vision, they are on the same plane; the generosity of one and the greed of the other are distortions of a higher truth, a greater heavenly force, respectively.
- This movement is expressed by a soul-type that is hidden behind the kind guy and his generosity; he is a force for dissemination, for wide distribution.
- The man you extort with avarice was intended to be a tool in the movement you are opposing.
- The Divine will use both in the same degree and with equal value if they are genuinely surrendered to Him and if they are fully surrendered to Him, they will be used as instruments for His divine activity.
- Neither wants to let go; the other wants to hold on; but both are being pushed and pulled by forces that are beyond their own comprehension, and there is little to choose between them.
- However, the avaricious guy usually acts out of ego and want, much like his opponent; he is the other end of the same ignorance as the egoistic man.
- It is possible to take all other types and trace them back to some initial goal inside the Divine Force in the same way.
- It is an incorrect movement that causes the distortion or caricature to be created.
- Every one of them is justified by the truth that is within them; they are all equally significant and equally required; they are all diverse but vital instruments of Divine Manifestation.–The Mother TMS (The Mother and Sri Aurobindo) are the authors of this work.
(Editor’s note: TMSA is an abbreviation that is used to refer to The Mother and Sri Aurobindo.)
Morality vs Spirituality – What’s the difference?
Spirituality and morality are frequently confused in everyday life and the wider society. The two are regarded as interchangeable terms. If one tries to live according to some moral principles, one has the impression that one is extremely spiritual. Because of this, it is quite difficult to comprehend the acts and behavior of spiritual people, since they do not always adhere to the traditional standards of morality. And this type of ambiguity and misunderstanding is really widespread and widely prevalent in the public discourse.
- In this section, you will find the Mother’s enlightening response, which clearly demonstrates the distinction in a straightforward manner and also provides new insight into a variety of situations that are now seen in a completely different perspective.
- In the spiritual life, or the life of Yoga, one’s goal is to develop one’s awareness of God, and one’s outcome is to purify, deepen, exalt, and perfect what one already possesses.
- When it comes to morality, it is a mental construction that begins with a few thoughts about what is good and what is not, and ends with the establishment of an ideal type into which everyone is forced.
- While claiming to be a unique type, it is actually a categorical absolute; it allows of no other types outside of itself and does not even allow for variations within itself.
- This inflexible unreal character of morality explains why it is in principle and in practice diametrically opposed to spiritual life in its operation.
- The spiritual life exposes the one essence in all, but also displays its limitless diversity.
- As a result, it demands that everyone adhere to something conceptual, rigid, and confined.
Morality is neither divine or of the Divine; rather, it is of man and of the human beings.
Because good and bad differ in different climates and eras, epochs, and countries, it attempts to impose them as absolutes on things that are relative in nature.
Although you should not give in to your desires, the spiritual life requires that you do so.
This is not because they are evil in themselves; they may be beneficial to another man or in another domain; rather, they must be rejected because they are part of the impulses or energies that, since they are unenlightened and uninformed, stand in the path of your journey to God.
On the other side, you must be open to any and all motions that bring you into contact with the Divine, regardless of their source.
All that leads you to God must be accepted at that point.
As an instance of the distinction between the moral and spiritual perspectives on things, consider the following scenario: According to conventional societal concepts, there are two types of men: those who are generous and those who are greedy.
Although they appear to be on different levels in terms of spiritual perception, they are both deformations of higher truths, greater divine power, and both are deformed in the same way.
An expression of this movement may be found behind the generous guy and his generosity; he is a power for dissemination, for wide dispersion of goodwill.
The man you extort with avarice was intended to be a tool in the movement you’re fighting against.
It is equally likely that both, if they are genuinely submitted to the Divine, will be used as instruments for the Divine’s work in the same degree and to the same extent that they are valued equally.
However, both are driven by forces that are beyond their own comprehension, and there is little difference between the two when it comes to what they should do with the things they have.
“They arise from ego and ignorant desire,” one could say.
However, the avaricious guy usually acts out of ego and want, much as his opponent; he is the other end of the same ignorance as his counterpart.
Take all other types and follow their origins back to some initial aim inside the Divine Force in the same way.
It is an incorrect movement that causes the distortion or caricature to be produced.
Every one of them is justified by the truth that is within them; they are all equally significant and equally required; they are all diverse but vital instruments of Divine Manifestation.
TMS (The Mother and Sri Aurobindo) are the authors of this work. (Editor’s note: TMSA is an abbreviation that is used to refer to The Mother and Sri Aurobindo.) Author:
- *1841,Heroes and Hero Worship, ch. 3:
- Without morality, intellect were impossible for him
- A really immoralman” could not know anything at all! Before a man can know anything, or what we might term know something, he must first “love” the thing and sympathize with it: that is, be “virtuously attached to it.” A guy exuding riches, optimism, and greed, Ellery Jackson Hubbard, “Characters” in the 1910 play “Theft: A Play in Four Acts” is portrayed by Ellery Jackson Hubbard. Has no sense of morals at all. Is a self-aware individualist who is cold-blooded and merciless, who works solely for himself and believes in nothing other than himself
- •Chapter 16 of Charles Dickens’ Appreciations and Criticisms of His Works, published in 1911, states that science and art without morals are not hazardous in the way that is usually believed. These things are not as deadly as a fire, yet they are equally perilous as a fog
- (countable) A collection of societal standards, habits, traditions, beliefs, or practices that determine suitable, acceptable forms of behaviour
- *1912,Pygmalion, act 5:
- I have to live for others and not for myself: that’s middle classmorality
- *1965, “King Moves North,” Time, 30 Apr.
- *1917, Chapter 14 of The Yukon Trail: He cracked a little smile. “A person’s morality is defined as his or her typical behavior in a specific time and location. It is dictated by tradition and practicality.” He had a morality that was natural to loose opinions
- *1781, “Sheffield” in Lives of the Poets: He had a morality that was natural to loose opinions
- (countable, archaic) A lesson or pronouncement that contains advice about proper behavior
- “She had done her duty”—”she left the matter to those who were in charge of such things”—and “Providence would bring it to pass.”
- “Man Convicted of Murder in ’92 Bludgeoning,”San Jose Mercury News, 4 Nov., p. 2B:
- Deputy District Attorney Bill Tingle called Jones “the devil *1882, “Vanitas Vanitatum,” in Ballads, p. 195:
- What do these stalemoralities mean, Sir Preacher, you mumble from your desk
- (uncountable, rare) Moral philosophy, the branch of philosophy that studies the grounds and nature of rightness, wrongness, good, and evil
- *1953, J. Kemp, “Review of The Claim of Morality” by N.H.G. Robinson,” ” “Ethics and Moral Controversy,” published in 1954. According to Hume’s morality, which ‘implies some sensibility common to all people,’ Kant’s “‘morality”‘ for all rational creatures, Butler’s morality with its premise of ‘uniformity of conscience,’ and others, are all discussed in The Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 4, no. 14, p. 11:
“Ethics” and “morality” are sometimes used interchangeably, but philosophical ethicists often distinguish between the two terms, using “morality” and related terms to refer to actual, real-world beliefs and practices concerning proper conduct, and using “ethics” to refer to theories and conceptual studies relating to good and evil, as well as right and wrong. According to this line of thinking, the American philosopher, ed., “The Philosophy of Brand Blanshard, Library of Living Philosophers, ISBN 0875483496, “Autobiography,” p.
The qualities of decency, rectitude and righteousness, as well as uprightness and virtuousness (Principles that guide my own decisions) Conventions, morals, and mores * morals, mores, and conventions (a lecture or a declaration that includes recommendations) * A homily (branch of philosophy) *Ethics and moral philosophy* Ethics and moral philosophy *
* amorality, immorality, amorality
antimorality * morality play * morality story * antimorality
- It is the characteristic or state of being spiritual that is discussed in this section. A pleasure created for the soul that is appropriate for its spirituality. – The direction of the equator. Even if this light is not spiritual, it is the closest thing there is to spirituality. Sir Walter Raleigh is credited with inventing the phrase A great deal of our spirituality and comfort in public worship is dependent on the state of mind in which we present ourselves to God. — Bickersteth et al. Concern about things that are invisible and ethereal, as opposed to things that are concrete or everyday
- Religious ideals are valued and respected. This term refers to something that belongs to the church, to a person who serves as a priest, or to religion as opposed to temporalities
- It is now considered archaic. During the period of vacancy in a see, the archbishop serves as the spiritual protector of the diocese. — Blackstone, et al. the entire clergy body, as opposed to, or in opposition to, the temporal realm
- (obsolete) an ecclesiastical body Thespirituality provided the king five complete subsidies in exchange for his services. — Fuller, et al.
Morality & Spirituality
Having a spiritual life is equivalent with living a moral existence. Consequently, when I speak about morality, I am also describing spirituality in a wide sense. Morality and spirituality are inextricably bound together. Morality encompasses all that spirituality encompasses. The ability to live morally permits us to conduct ourselves honestly and purely in a world that does not always pay attention to what we are doing. Keeping morality near to us in the midst of our everyday lives serves to remind us that morality and spirituality may lead the path for us to be happy, content, and at peace with ourselves and with others.
- It is something that we should all strive to achieve.
- We shall follow a moral compass as long as we are aware of what is good and wrong and have a conscience.
- We are not all born with moral instincts, but we have the ability to choose to be moral.
- We must desire to be concerned about others as well as ourselves.
- We must aspire to and implement moral tolerance into our lives.
- If our conscience draws our attention to something that we know is wrong, we have the option and the responsibility to correct our behavior.
Morality Versus Spirituality, A Lecture by Charlie Lutes
Ethics vs. Spirituality (October 22, 1982) There is a very distinct distinction between morality and spirituality in terms of their implications. There is no doubt that the moral and the spiritual are not the same thing. The spiritual does not exist as a continuation of the moral side of one’s existence. One does not become more spiritual by extending the moral. There is a significant variation in quality between the two. Whereas ethics is concerned with modes of behavior, with the continuity of everyday life, and with the change of life styles, religious beliefs and practices are concerned with a breaking away from the pattern of continuous existence.
- Morality is constantly concerned with making the proper adjustment to one’s surroundings, while spirituality is not concerned with making the appropriate adjustment because conformity is not its primary goal in life.
- The person who is spiritual does not operate from a fixed point of reference.
- It is necessary to transfer the requirements of the fixed center into one’s daily life in order to act from a fixed center.
- In this section, one makes an attempt to transform the ideal into what is actually happening.
- Thus, the spiritual person possesses a better and deeper nature of morality, which is natural and spontaneous, compared to the material person.
- It is a morality that is based on the spontaneous activity of spiritual rightness and is thus natural.
- People who try to compartmentalize good and bad in their minds are the most perplexed, because aggression and non-violence cannot exist in separate compartments of the mind at the same time.
- When love is the dominant component, hate is extinguished on both the outside and the inside of the individual.
One must achieve a state of spirituality, or an infusion of the Being, in which the Being takes precedence over everything else, rather than spending his time cultivating a moral virtue that has an underlying motive, because the morality is at risk of being lost when the time comes to test it.
- When the preacher departs town, he takes his uplifting power with him as well.
- As a result, the motivation was present, but the spiritual infusion was lacking.
- In morals, it is the motivation that transforms a virtue into a means of achieving a certain goal.
- One is the result of a deliberate effort, whereas the other is the result of a natural state.
- There can never be any hate, bitterness, or wrath in a place where spirituality is present.
- A person senses what is in front of them when in the condition of spirituality, and they see what they have projected in the sphere of morality.
- And any behavior that develops as a result of an erroneous projection will have no connection to what is actually happening.
One who has been entrenched in the spiritual way of life, on the other hand, has no distractions and can thus act entirely from moment to moment.
As a result, one is released from the shackles of time.
Those who steal are believed to be motivated by the need to fill a void that they perceive inside themselves.
As a result, some people resort to stealing in order to fill a need in their lives.
As a result, because they have not earned what the other has, they resort to stealing.
The absence of any sense of incompleteness in him is due to the fact that the Being is completely complete and so nothing can be lacking.
It is also true that being content is not a precondition for feeling satisfied with oneself.
However, there is always the possibility of losing one’s goods, which adds to the anxiety.
Spiritual accomplishment is characterized as a state of complete happiness and fulfillment.
This understanding, on the other hand, is not entirely right.
One who is caught up in materialism or worldly pleasures enjoys the sensation of continual indulgence, or, to put it another way, he lives and is motivated by the principle of pleasure.
The entire structure of one’s existence revolves on the factor of pleasure.
With time, one begins to understand what brahmacharya truly means, and he progresses into a state of inner happiness, and it is at this point that pleasure seeking ceases to be a priority for the practitioner.
In the pursuit of pleasure, one is in continual battle with suffering, because pleasure and pain are inextricably linked, and as a result, indulgence results in resistance.
It is the one who has transformed joy into pleasure and, as a result, has brought agony and suffering into his or her life.
When the pursuit of pleasure comes to an end, so does the suffering.
It is not the act of fleeing from the experience of love and beauty; rather, it is the beginning of the actual and sincere expression of love and beauty on the part of the individual.
Spirituality may only be experienced when the enjoyer is freed from the sensation of pleasure and enters into the ecstasy of pure joy or pure happiness, which has no opposite, and which can only be described as a state of being without a beginning or an end.
World History for Us All: Key Theme Seven
|HomeKey ThemesSevenAre morality and spirituality unique to human beings? Howhas human spirituality changed in the course of history? Howhave changing ideas of morality and spirituality shaped history?The word spirituality refers to human awareness of a transcendentalstate of being, one that is beyond the material world of everydaylife. It may mean belief in a supreme creator, in an afterlife,or in the existence of mysterious spirits and magical forces.Our sense of spirituality shapes how we think of the worldand our place in it. It also shapes our sense of morality,that is, the way in which we recognize differences betweenright and wrong. Spirituality has been a powerful force inhuman history.Do animals have a sense of spirituality or morality? Allanimals have to learn that some behaviors work well and othersdo not. A young deer that strays too far from its herd maybe “punished” by being killed. Those who learnthese rules of behavior survive. Those who do not learn themmay die. We have no evidence, however, that animals think in moralterms, no sense that they are aware of doing “good”things or “bad” things. Being aware of morality,like being aware of identity (KeyTheme 5), appears to be uniquely human. Only we humanshave language, which allows us to think about the rightnessor wrongness of our behavior. The same is probably true ofspirituality. Symbolic language allows us to express and shareinformation, not just about what is in front of us, but alsoabout things that we cannot see with our eyes or hear withour ears. Language lets us think and talk about God, angels,saints, demons, fairies, heaven, and hell. Only humans, itseems, can imagine a spiritual realm. As far as we know, all human communities have had ideas ofa spiritual realm and of rules for right and wrong behavior.Different communities, however, have thought about those thingsin an astonishing variety of ways. People have often fought,killed, or died to put forth or defend their own ideas ofspirituality and morality. A belief or practice that one communityconsiders normal may seem totally unacceptable to another.For example, in some communities people have traditionallyregarded public nudity as normal. In others, they have seen itas shocking and offensive. What can we know of the spiritual life of our distant ancestorsin paleolithic times? Archaeologists have found many objectsthat look as if they had spiritual meaning to those who createdthem. Fifteen thousand years ago, people in southern Europetook the trouble to crawl far back into the dark reaches ofa cave to carve clay statuettes of bison that hardly anyonewas ever likely to see. We do not know why they did this butcertainly not merely to amuse themselves or to make “artfor art’s sake.” What about cave paintings that showhunters stalking animals? Were these works possibly designedto cast a spell over animal prey? One cave painting includesthe picture of a man who looks to modern eyes like a priestor wizard. We do not really know if he was or not. The problemis that we know so little about the wider social or culturalcontexts in which works like these were produced and used.We do have some ideas, however. Anthropologists have studiedthe spiritual beliefs of small, relatively isolated communitiesthat exist today. Scholars of paleolithic history base manyof their ideas about early human thought and behavior on suchstudies. In many of these communities there may be no clearborderline between the human and spiritual worlds. One featurethat seems to appear in all small-scale communities is animism.This is the belief that the world is full of spirits and thatto survive one must coexist and communicate with them. Onemust pray to them, bargain with them, and even try to allywith them in disputes with human or non-human enemies. The community may regard natural objects and forces, suchas rain, wind, thunder, trees, the sun, the moon, and starsas members of a huge and varied family. People, however, maynot always think of spirits as more powerful or more moralthan humans. Spirits may be like family members. Some aregood and helpful, and some are bad, fickle, dangerous, orstupid. In some parts of the world societies have totemic beliefs,that is, ideas about close spiritual ties between familiesor clans and particular animals. The members of a “jaguarclan,” for example, might forbid killing jaguars becauseof the belief that these animals are in some sense also partof the extended family. How did people contact the spirit world? They might hearspirits in a thunderstorm, or they might make contact throughdreams or rituals. Religious ceremonies might involve dancing,chanting, or taking mind-altering drugs to induce a trance-likestate and a feeling of “crossing over” to thespiritual realm. Frequently, communities looked for help fromindividuals believed to have special gifts for communicatingwith the spirits. In Siberia and some other parts of the world,such specialists have been known as shamans. These are womenor men who have the power to go into a trance. In that statethey may “fly” to the spirit realm to talk, fight,or plead with spirits—even to marry them. Upon returningto the human world, shamans tell other people what happened.Their pronouncements may have a powerful effect on people,curing their diseases, cursing them, driving them to war withtheir neighbors, or encouraging them to make peace. A shamancould be an extremely powerful man or woman in a community.Hunting and foragingpeople painted this rock art in Zimbabwe in Southern Africaabout 2,000 years ago.The scene depicts aceremonial dance whose purpose may have been to animate thelife force. The large figure in the center, very likely wearing an antelopemask, is lying down and perhaps in a state of trance, or altered consciousness. “ Diana’s Vow” site, Manicaland, ZimbabweR. Dunn In small-scale societies, most spirits werelocal, and people identified strongly with particular ones.After about 12,000 BCE, however, larger-scale societies beganto appear. When that happened, people’s sense of spiritualityalso changed. As communities became larger and more powerful,their gods, too, became more potent and awe-inspiring. Thesedeities were often venerated beyond the local community. Priests and rulers began to take on the power that shamansonce exercised. Rulers of city-states and kingdoms that existed5,000 or 6,000 years ago often claimed spiritual power andidentified themselves with particular gods. In Sumer in lowerMesopotamia (the Tigris-Euphrates River valley), each cityhad its own major deity, which people represented in imagesof stone or wood. For example, in the city of Uruk the goddessof love, known as Inanna, inhabited the “white temple.”This building stood atop a ziggurat, or stepped, pyramid-shapedstructure, which dominated the whole town.In Sumer every urban temple had its religious leaders, orpriests, who had the job of pleasing the gods in endless rituals,festivals, and sacrifices. People dedicated all their laborto the service of the city’s gods. Therefore, the priestsclaimed the right to command the population and economy, rulingthe city as the top social class. Religious teachings supportedthe right of the city-state’s rulers to accumulate wealthand wield power. Priests instructed ordinary people that,if they wished to receive the blessing of the gods, they shouldobey their rulers. The priests might try to dull people’swillingness to protest against abuse and exploitation by threateningthem with the wrath of the gods or by promising them a betterlife in the afterworld if they remained obedient. In the third millennium BCE, when bigger states began toappear, rulers almost always associated themselves with themost powerful deities. In ancient Egypt or the later Romanempire, for example, rulers claimed to be not only the deputiesof gods but deities in their own right. In the ancient Mediterraneanregion and other places, people thought of their numerousgods and goddesses as part of a pantheon, or “household”of deities that controlled the universe as one big and sometimesquarreling family. Stories about the gods were at the heartof oral and literary traditions, and children learned aboutduties and obligations, right and wrong behavior, from theexamples that gods and goddesses set. In Afroeurasia in the middle centuries of the first millenniumBCE, belief systems began to appear that eventually becameworld religions. These systems focused on a single supremegod or cosmic, creative power. They also appealed to peopleof differing languages and cultural traditions, not just themembers of a single city or local area. Most of these systems,though not all, were “universalist” in that theypreached their message to whomever would listen, not justto particular groups. The major universalist religions to appear so far—allof them by the seventh century CE—have been Hinduism,Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Daoism, Christianity, Manicheanism, and Islam. Among these,Hinduism has remained closely associated with South Asian and,to some extent, Southeast Asian societies. People have practicedDaoism mainly in China. Confucianism also emerged in the midfirst millennium BCE, but as a belief system it has emphasizedmoral and ethical behavior much more than spiritual doctrines.Also, it has remained firmly linked to East Asian societies,especially Chinese. Judaism, which took shape as a distinctivebelief system in the first millennium BCE, shared its monotheism,or belief in one God, with Christianity and Islam. Jews, however,did not take up a universalist mission but rather have transmittedtheir faith mainly within the community believed to descendfrom the early Hebrews. Today, more than 70 per cent of the world’s populationidentifies at least nominally with Buddhism, Christianity,Islam, or Hinduism. In the past millennium, however, Manicheanismhas faded from global view, and Zoroastrians (called Parsistoday) number fewer than 500,000.Table data from Ninian Smart,ed., Atlas of the World’s Religions (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), 13. All the world religions embrace varying beliefs,practices, and sects. None is homogeneous or uniform. Forexample, in Islam, Sunnism and Shi’ism constitute twomajor branches with somewhat differing beliefs. In fact, theShi’ite tradition has several branches of its own. Inthe Christian tradition Roman Catholics, Greek Orthodox Catholics,Protestants, and other groups all share basic monotheism butwith numerous differences in doctrine, ritual, and practice.Most major religious traditions also incorporate two importantdimensions. One of them involves people joining together forpublic worship, communal prayer or ritual, scriptural study,and mutual moral and social support. The other, which in sometraditions is characterized as mysticism, is concerned withthe individual’s search for knowledge of God, unionwith the divine, transcendent experience, healing, and salvation.For millions of people, religious experience may involve bothof these dimensions.A final point about the varieties of religious experienceis that people in many parts of the world, and in rural areasmore than in cities, have professed one of the major religionsbut assimilated older animist beliefs into it. For example,a Christian community might honor a local saint who is a Christianizedversion of an ancient god or spirit. For another example,Muslims in some places wear a little box around their neckwith a piece of paper in it carrying an inscription from theQur’an. They display this charm, or amulet to ward offevil, even though Muslim scripture does not condone such apractice.The architecture of Christian churchesvaries greatly depending on the denomination and the region.On the left is a Methodist chapel in Wales. On the rightis ancient Greek Orthodox church in Istanbul, Turkey. R. Dunn Today, many people argue that modern sciencepresents a powerful challenge to religion because it offersexplanations of nature, the cosmos, and human origins thatrequire no reference to God or any other manifestation ofspiritual power. Also, the material evidence that sciencepresents to support its description of the natural and physicaluniverse has continued to pile up, especially during thepast century. Few doubt that science, technology, and medicinehave benefited humankind in countless ways. For some people,however, science and religion start from such contradictorypremises that they cannot be reconciled. This perceivedcontradiction may even be a source of profound bewildermentor dismay. Other people, however, find no trouble acceptingthe propositions of modern science while at the same timeexpressing faith in a transcendent creative power. Principles and standards of ethical behaviorare as important to peace, order, and social cooperationin the world as they have ever been. Science, however, hasvery little to tell us about ethics. Also, persistent poverty,environmental degradation, epidemic disease, and crime havedefied the best efforts of humanity’s scientific imagination.Amid the distresses and dangers of our contemporary era,people have sought not only communal ties to one anotherbut also moral and spiritual certainties. Spiritual questsand ethical questions continue to be a vital part of humancultural|
Why Do We Need to Understand this KeyTheme?
- In many ways, spiritual conceptions have been at the heart of how people have understood and explained the workings of the natural, physical and social worlds for the majority of human history. Not surprisingly, people have stood up for their religious principles, and in some cases died as a result, or that societies have built their sense of unity and identity around their religious traditions. People’s expectations, anxieties, and actions toward one another are shaped by how they interpret the world and find meaning in it. Students dealing with spiritual doubts and uncertainties now should grasp how and why these yearnings have been among the most potent shapers of human history throughout history. Throughout history, human beings have discovered that the long-term survival of social groupings, whether they be families, foraging bands, economic partnerships, or nation-states, is dependent on the application of guiding principles, norms, and rules of moral behavior. Systems of morality and ethics differ from one region of the world to the next, but they are all based on ideals of social harmony and trust. More importantly, successful collective learning among human communities requires forthrightness, honesty, and trust between individuals as well as between individuals and communities. Belief systems represent the common moral and ethical standards that allow humans to live in peace with one another and to learn from one another in a systematic manner.
What’s the Difference Between Morality and Ethics?
Photograph courtesy of Anatoli Styf/Shutterstock.com While the phrases ethics and morality are frequently used interchangeably, some societies (such as academic, legal, or religious institutions) will occasionally create a difference between the two concepts. In reality, according to the page on ethics in Britannica, the terms “ethics” and “moral philosophy” are synonymous. While keeping in mind that most ethicists (that is, philosophers who study ethics) regard the phrases to be equivalent, let’s take a closer look at the differences between them.
- A common misconception is that morality is something that is personal and normative, but ethics is the collection of criteria of “good and wrong” that are defined by a certain community or social context.
- The difference, on the other hand, might be advantageous if your local society has no strong sentiments against adultery, but you personally believe that adultery is wrong on a moral level.
- Nevertheless, when discussing matters such as adultery in public discourse, we will frequently employ the terms moral and immoral, regardless of whether the discussion is taking place in a personal or in a group setting.
- It is critical to study how the two phrases have been employed in distinct areas of discourse so that we can understand the implications of both terms in the context of their respective fields of discourse.
- Additionally, the term ethics is employed in combination with business, medicine, and the law.
- These implications have played a role in guiding the differences between morality and ethics over the centuries.
- In order to distinguish morality from ethics, it is the ethicist’s responsibility to state the definitions of both terms in their own words.
Moral and Ethics in Spirituality – New Delhi Times – India Only International Newspaper
Dr. Pramila Srivastava contributed to this article. In our daily lives, we are confronted with challenges that have the potential to split us along moral lines and cause us to consider the “good and evil” aspects of our existence. A significant and empowering part of our personalities is formed as a result of our exposure to morality and ethics, which serve to define the character of a person. When it comes to our daily lives, the phrases morals and ethics are used interchangeably, yet they are actually quite distinct from one another.
- As a result, morals are more personalized as compared to ethics, which are generally produced by the public for individuals to adhere to as standards and are less individualised.
- Spirituality is more than what religion is, which is why an individual may identify as spiritual rather than religious, therefore showing that spirituality is an act that transcends all.
- A moral code refers to a collection of personal or cultural ideals that guide our decisions about how to act in social situations, which is precisely why morality is intimately associated with spirituality.
- Developing self-awareness is the foundation of spirituality, and this assists an individual in achieving it.
- Someone with good moral character will have behavioural qualities that demonstrate him or her to be modest and sensible, therefore demonstrating that there is a connection between the physical and spiritual selves as well.
- Individuals engage in ethical behavior in order to become more self-aware of their actions and behaviors, which is why it is encouraged.
- However, in the current world context, it is impossible to adhere to these principles, despite the fact that they are equally vital and important, due to the fact that it has become significantly more complicated.
- As a result, it is critical to recognize that one must engage in habits and behaviors that are consistent with the whole concept of spiritual practice, as well as with the fundamentals of ethical conduct.
Individuals with high spirituality will, instinctively, hold high moral and ethical values, which will serve as the foundation of motivational force, and are less likely to participate in unethical and illegal activities, which are detrimental to society in the long run, as a result of their spirituality.
The formation of new moral standards that are in sharp contrast to the established ‘way of the world’ is made possible by decisions that are spiritual and ethical in nature in an era characterized by greedy judgments, crises, and battles against mankind.
Image courtesy of Shutterstock [email protected] is the email address. Pramila BK may be found on Twitter at @PramilaBK.
Spirit As My Moral Compass: Morality is the set of standards by which we judge something, particularly conduct or behavior, to be good or bad. Alex RobboyCAS, MSW, ACSW, LCSW — FounderExecutive DirectorSpirituality As My Moral Compass: Morality is the set of standards by which we judge something, particularly conduct or behavior, to be good or bad. Morals, or our own convictions with relation to ethical conduct, are derived from a variety of sources, including religion and philosophy. Our moral code is shaped by our upbringing, our religion, the standards of society as represented in legislation, our peer groups, and even our personal experiences.
One’s religion, for example, may condemn a certain activity, such as premarital sex, but another source, such as the legal system, may approve of the same action in question.
In contrast to morality, which often deals in concretes, spirituality is a system of abstracts if it can be called a system at all.
The spiritual path is extremely personal and unique to each person who takes it.
It is a personal account of a person’s encounter with the spiritual realm.
It is most often the link between the two that is most significant; the relationship between inner spiritual sense, the human spirit, and outward spiritual existence, or the divine or universal spirit, is the most essential.
One of the most effective ways to focus one’s ethical voice is to use one’s spiritual sense as a guide to judge for themselves what is good or terrible, right or wrong.
A personal spiritual experience serves to anchor an individual’s set of morals within themselves, providing stability and guidance in a singular, personal manner.
Consequently, each individual becomes ethically accountable to himself in this manner.
Because they are asking themselves the questions that they had previously delegated to others.
After that, you have to ask yourself, “How do I feel about consuming illicit drugs?” What is it that makes me feel this way?
We see this over and over again with subjects such as abortion, death penalty, and gun regulations.
Ask yourself “How do I feel about this?” after that.
Examine these issues again and think about your spiritual path and the decisions you’ve made as a result of your experiences.
Can you envision yourself on a road that will lead you to make decisions in favor of or against them?
What about the rest of you?
Example: You may discover that, despite the fact that you are opposed to abortion as a moral option, your spirituality leads you to be compassionate toward those who are.
Most likely, you will discover that many of your responses to these questions will be based on your own beliefs about God or divinity.
For all you know, they may simply serve to reinforce what you were already feeling.Once you have begun to establish your moral position on the large topics, you will find it lot simpler to do so on the little matters as well.
Although you may discover that many of your values are fairly similar to those of others, it is critical to remain grounded in your own personal moral compass so that you are not thrown around by the competing interests that exist in your environment.
Spiritual, Moral, Social & Cultural Values
Examine beliefs and experiences; respect religions, feelings and values; take pleasure in learning about oneself, others and the surrounding world; utilize imagination and creativity; reflect on what has been learned. (According to the Ofsted definition of’spiritual growth’) The following characteristics of pupils demonstrate their spiritual development:
- It is important for students to be able to be reflective about their own religious or non-religious beliefs that shape their perspective on life, as well as their interest in and respect for other people’s faiths, feelings, and values. It is also important for students to have a positive attitude toward learning about themselves and others, as well as the world around them.
Moral Understanding right and wrong; observing the laws; understanding the repercussions; investigating moral and ethical concerns; and expressing reasoned opinions are all important skills. (According to the Ofsted definition of’moral growth’) The following behaviors demonstrate the moral growth of students:
- Having the ability to distinguish between what is right and wrong and to readily apply this understanding in their own lives
- Understanding of legal boundaries and, as a result, respecting the civil and criminal law of England
- An interest in investigating and offering reasoned views on moral and ethical issues
- And the ability to understand and appreciate the viewpoints of others on these issues are all essential.
Social Participate in the local community and learn to accept other points of view. Participate, volunteer, and collaborate to resolve conflicts. Engage with the’British values’of democracy, the rule of law, freedom of expression, respect, and tolerance. (According to the Ofsted definition of’social development’) The following characteristics of students demonstrate their social development:
- Use of a variety of social skills in a variety of contexts, for example, working and socializing with other students from a variety of religious, ethnic, and socio-economic backgrounds
- Willingness to participate in a variety of communities and social settings, including volunteering, cooperating well with others, and being able to resolve conflicts effectively
- Acceptance and engagement with the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, and tolerance
- And acceptance and engagement with the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty
Respect for cultural influences; understanding of the importance of the British parliamentary system; participation in cultural activities; understanding, acceptance, and celebration of diversity. (According to the Ofsted definition of ‘cultural development’) The following characteristics of students demonstrate their cultural development:
- The ability to recognize and appreciate the diverse range of cultural influences that have shaped their own heritage and that of others
- The ability to recognize and appreciate the diverse range of cultures that exist within school and beyond as an essential component of their preparation for life in modern Britain
- Knowledge of Britain’s democratic parliamentary system and its pivotal role in shaping our history and values, as well as in continuing to develop Britain
- And a willingness to participate.