Who Is The Major Figure Of Hawaiian Spirituality? (Correct answer)

Hawaiian religion is polytheistic, with many deities, most prominently Kāne, Kū, Lono and Kanaloa. Other notable deities include Laka, Kihawahine, Haumea, Papahānaumoku, and, most famously, Pele. In addition, each family is considered to have one or more guardian spirits known as ʻaumakua that protected family.


Who is the most powerful Hawaiian god?

Abilities. The Hawaiian god Kaulu has many strange abilities and is an extremely powerful fighter. Kaulu is a trickster god and is quite destructive and at times violent, and is known for being one of the most powerful beings in their mythology.

What is the major religion in Hawaii?

The largest religious groups are Roman Catholics and Protestants. There are, however, small but important groups of Buddhists and of adherents of other Asian religions. Byodo-in Temple, Oahu, Hawaii.

What god do Hawaiians believe in?

All Hawaiians, whether chief or common people, worshipped four major gods: Kū, Kane, Lono, and Kanaloa (Malo 1951). Kū, as mentioned previously, was the god of war and also represented “the male generating power” (Mitchell 1992, p. 72).

What is the ancient Hawaiian religion called?

The traditional Hawaiian religion is a polytheistic animistic religion. Hawaiians believe that there are spirits in many objects such as the waves and the sky. The Hawaiian religion believes in four gods; Kāne, Kanaloa, Kū, and Lono.

Who are the 4 main Hawaiian gods?

the four gods (ka hā) – Kū, Kāne, Lono, and Kanaloa.

Who is demigod Maui?

In the 2016 Disney computer-animated musical film Moana, the demigod Maui is voiced by Dwayne Johnson. Abandoned by his human parents as a baby, the gods took pity on him and made him a demigod and gave him a magic fish hook that gives him the ability to shapeshift.

What is the Polynesian religion?

Religion of Polynesian culture. Polynesian belief systems emphasized animism, a perspective in which all things, animate and inanimate, were believed to be endowed to a greater or lesser degree with sacred supernatural power. As is typical of animist cultures, religious concerns permeated all aspects of life.

What religions do Polynesians practice?

Today, most Polynesians are followers of Christianity, both Catholicism and Protestantism. Some traditional beliefs and mythologies have been incorporated into Christian ideology.

Who is the god Kane?

Associated with dawn, sun and sky, Kane seems to have been the highest of the four great deities. He was the god of procreation and the ancestor of all humans, both chiefs and commoners.

Who are the main Polynesian gods?

The four main gods (akua) are Ku, Kane, Lono and Kanaloa. Then there are many lesser gods (kupua), each associated with certain professions. In addition to the gods and goddesses, there are family gods or guardians (aumakua). The many gods of Hawaii and Polynesia were often represented by tikis.

How many full blooded Hawaiians are left?

Native Hawaiians Are a Race of People In the most recent Census, 690,000 people reported that they were Native Hawaiian or of a mixed race that includes Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander. There may now be as few as 5,000 pure-blood Native Hawaiians remaining in the world.

Who is KU the Hawaiian god?

The God of war, and one of the four gods in Hawaiian mythology along with Kanaloa, Kāne (twin brothers), and Lono. Husband of the goddess Hina. Ku means ‘snatcher of the land’.

Who were the four main gods of Polynesia and what does each god represent?

The four major Hawaiian gods

  • The Birth of Hawaiian Religion.
  • Kāne: The God of Creation and the Sky.
  • Kanaloa: The God of the Ocean.
  • Kū: The God of War.
  • Lono: The God of Peace, Rain, and Fertility.

What was the Hawaiian religion centered on?

The religion the native Hawaiians brought with them was polytheistic and focused on the notion of spirits being found in non-human subjects such as animals, waves, volcanoes and wind.

What are Polynesians called?

Polynesians, including Samoans, Tongans, Niueans, Cook Islands Māori, Tahitian Mā’ohi, Hawaiian Māoli, Marquesans and New Zealand Māori, are a subset of the Austronesian peoples.

List of figures in the Hawaiian religion – Wikipedia

A statue of a god from the Hawaiian islands Hawaiian narrative, often known as mythology, provides stories about nature and everyday life on the islands. It is regarded as a variation of a more generic Polynesian story, having developed its own distinct character over several centuries before the year 1800, when it was first published. It is related with the religion of the Hawaiian Islands. Although the religion was officially outlawed in the nineteenth century, some adherents have managed to keep it alive until the present day.

Prominent figures and terms in Hawaiian mythology

  • Aumakua is the spirit of an ancestor or family god
  • ‘Elepaio is the monarch flycatcher
  • Kanehekili is the god of thunder
  • Haumea is the goddess of birth
  • And many others. Hiiaka- sister of Pele and daughter of HaumeaKne
  • Hina- goddess of the Moon
  • Kahai- god of thunder and lightning
  • Kahli- deity of the Underworld
  • Hiiaka- sister of Pele and daughter of HaumeaKne In Hawaiian mythology, Kalamainuu (lizard goddess) is married to Kamapuaa (warrior god of wild boars), who is also married to Pele. Kmohoalii is the deity of the shark. Kanaloa is the complementary force of Kne, the god of the waters, and as a result, the king of the Mana
  • He is also the deity of the sky. Kne is the most powerful of the four principal Hawaiian deities, and he is also the leader of the Hawaiian triad, which also includes his brothers Lono and Ku. While Lono was the deity of cultivated foods, Kane was the deity of wild foods and plants, such as trees and other plants that were found in the wild. He was also the deity of woods and jungles, and he was the giver of all their offerings, including timber, medicinal plants, and leaves, among other things. Kaulu- killer of Haumea
  • Kinilau
  • K- god of war
  • Kumulipo- ancient chant of creation
  • Kuula – god of fishermen
  • Laka- goddess of hulafertility/reproduction, love and beauty, wife of god Lono
  • Lohiau- chief of Kaua’i
  • Lono- god of agriculture, peace
  • Lona- goddess of the Moon
  • L A mana is an impersonal power, whereas a Mui is an ancient hero and leader, a demigod, and a shape changer. Menehune
  • Nmaka- sea goddess and sister of Pele
  • Nuakea- goddess of milk
  • Nightmarchers
  • Nmaka- sea goddess and sister of Pele Nuu (Hawaiian Noah)
  • Papa (Goddess of Nature)
  • Nuu (Hawaiian Noah)
  • Paʻao
  • Pakaa is the deity of the wind, the gatekeeper of the underworld, the wife of Kaiwa, and the mother of Kaha’i
  • She is also the goddess of the sea. Paliuli
  • Papahnaumoku
  • Papahnaumoku Pele is the goddess of fire and volcanoes
  • She is also known as the “Goddess of Volcanoes.” Poliahu, the goddesses of the snow Ukupanipo is another another shark deity. Wahieloa
  • Waka-lizard goddess
  • Wkea-sky father
  • Wahieloa
  • Waka-lizard

See also

  • In this section, you will find information on Hawaiian folklore, Polynesian ghosts, Hawaiian religion, Mori mythology, and Polynesian and Samoan mythology.

External links

  • Among the books available are Hawaiian Folk Tales via Project Gutenberg, edited by Thomas G. Thrum, and Hawaiian Mythology by Martha Beckwith.

The four major Hawaiian gods

In reality, the Hawaiians worship around 40,000 traditional religious deities and spirits, according to some estimates. Hawai’ian mythology is primarily concerned with stories of life and nature, and it draws its inspiration from a wider picture of Polynesian religious history. It took several centuries for the conceptual and contextual basis of Hawaiian religion to evolve before it was crushed by foreign immigrants and missionaries in the 19th century on the Hawaiian islands. The old Hawaiian religion and mythology are still alive and well, and are being practiced and observed by the locals.

Each of these gods expresses itself in a unique way, and various religious communities worship distinct manifestations of the same entity or deity.

The Birth of Hawaiian Religion

Pa’ao, a Samoan from Tahiti who arrives in the archipelago between 1,100 and 1,200 AD, is credited with bringing the four primary Hawaiian gods and religious ideas to the islands. Pa’ao was a conqueror who also happened to be a priest. He conqueredHawaiiand began an era of warfare in the region because he was dissatisfied with the way the descendants ofHawai’i Loa controlled the islands. He was not the first to conquer the territory. Among the many things that Pa’ao presented to the Hawaiian people were new gods, thekapusystem – a code of conduct comprising laws and regulations – and human sacrifice.

The notion that spirits may be discovered in animals, objects, and natural elements like as the sky, the waves, and volcanoes is at the heart of the religion.

It is a federal legislation that protects and maintains the traditional religious traditions of Native Hawaiians, American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts, among other groups.

Kāne: The God of Creation and the Sky

Kne is the deity of the sky and the god of creation. He is the deity of all gods and goddesses, and he is worshipped as such. Kanaloa was established to be the polar opposite of Kne – whereas Kne signifies life and light, Kanaloa represents darkness and darkness represents life. Lono was established by him to look after the land and ensure its fertility.

If the Hawaiian people required assistance during childbirth, they would make gifts to Kne and seek for his assistance. If they were in the process of producing anything, such as a boat or a structure, they would make offerings to Kne in exchange for his blessing on their work.

Kanaloa: The God of the Ocean

Kanaloa is the deity of the sea and the underworld, as well as of the underworld. he produced K, the goddess of love, peace, and rebirth of life, whom he wedded to his daughter Hina, the goddess of love, peace, and rebirth of life In an interesting twist, K and Hina are diametrically opposed yet both represent husband and wife. Whenever there was a problem with the water, the Hawaiians turned to him for help. In order to prepare for a canoe voyage, they would pray to Kanaloa and bring presents to his temple before setting sail.

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Kū: The God of War

K is the god of battle and battleships. He was reputed to be a deity of great ferocity. K is the only god who necessitates the offering of human sacrifices. As a present to him, humans were sacrificed on his altar as a sacrifice. A year under K’s rule is divided into eight months, which is war season, when the hereditary line of rulers, known as the ali’i, would assault each other in an attempt to seize each other’s country.

Lono: The God of Peace, Rain, and Fertility

Lono is the deity of agriculture, fertility, and peace, and he is worshipped around the world. He restores the fertility of the earth by bringing in the Sun, the wind, and the rain. Lono has control over four months of the year, which means that K has control over four months of the year that Lono does not. War is strictly prohibited during Lono’s reign. During the tranquil era, it is a time for eating, dancing, and games, which are all enjoyed by everybody. These traditional activities are intended to improve people’s fighting abilities and physical strength in preparation for combat.

The Makahikiseason is also known as Lono’s period of tranquility.

Who Are the Important Figures in Traditional Hawaiian Religion?

Who Are the Most Influential Figures in Traditional Hawaiian Religious Practices? 5th of August, 2019 Hawaiian Tiki by irfanrydhan Perhaps you’ve been wondering how much of Muana has to do with reality. Here’s your answer. Possibly you’ve lately read about Dwayne Johnson’s tattoos and were interested in learning more about the meaning of the designs. Whatever it was that piqued your curiosity in Hawaiian religion is less significant than the joy of the hunt. There are several figures to learn about in this religion, as there are in many polytheistic religions.

  • As is customary for them, they are attempting to appropriate old gods in order to push pseudoscience notions.
  • Religion in the Hawaiian Islands The Pantheon is the most important.
  • Among the great gods (ka ha) are a half-dozen more gods (kupua), and there are many lesser gods as well (ke kini akua).
  • As a result, Kane has a dual understanding of light and enlightenment.
  • Kane is credited with inventing the aumakua system, which provides protection for all households through the use of a guardian.
  • Lono is credited with bringing rain and music into existence.
  • Lono is celebrated in the spring by Makahiki via worship and joy.

Ku After the gods emerged from Po and created Ao (Earth), Ku signifies war, as well as the broad strength of struggle in its various forms.

Ku represents the western hemisphere.

Many publications refer to the three individuals mentioned above as a triumvirate rather than as a quadrant.

This is most likely a result of contamination from various trinities found around the globe, such as those found in Malai, Christian, Greek, and Norse traditions, as well as from other religious traditions.

Pantheon of Minor Religions in Hawaiian Religion Despite the fact that the follow gods are less prominent inside religious religion, they may occasionally be more prominent in terms of cultural appeal than within religious belief.

Hina is a goddess of the moon who is worshipped in India.

She planted trees in the area and keeps an eye on them from a distance.

Kuula is a deity who protects fisherman and offers them protection as well as a plentiful harvest.

Laka is a Hawaiian goddess of dance and hula instructor.

Pele, the volcanic goddess, is everyone’s favorite.

A more recent presence on the islands, or an amalgamation of various Polynesian deities, may have inspired Pele’s creation.

Whatever your spirituality or theistic perspective, there is always more to learn about the beliefs of the peoples of the world, no matter where you are in the world. Continue to read our blog for further information on all of your curiosity.

Hawaiian Spirituality Life Within The Ahupua`a

In Hawaii, the Spiritual Essence of the Islands is undoubtedly one of the most felt yet least understood aspects of the Hawaiian experience (the collective islands of Hawaii). Locals affectionately and respectfully refer to this spiritual energy as mana, and they hold it in the greatest regard because it is considered to be the “life force” that exists throughout all living things. To comprehend the Hawaiian notion of mana, it is necessary to first comprehend their concept of religion, and in order to do so, we must return to the ancient periods of the ahupua’a, or land divisions, which were the foundation of the Hawaiian civilization.

  • On each island, big districts called moku were split into smaller pieces called ahupua’a (lit.
  • It began at the summit of the mountain and wound its way down the mountainside in a wedge-shaped pattern until it reached the far edge of a reef.
  • Because everything was tied to Akua, every day began with a prayer – not so much in words as in deed – and ended with a prayer (God).
  • Prior to the advent of Pa’ao, a Samoan chief in the 12th century, the Hawaiians were monotheistic in their beliefs.
  • The God “I” was held in such high regard that His name was never spoken aloud.
  • God was petitioned for permission to fish, cultivate, harvest, and even bear children, and he granted it.
  • Whenever someone was in need of fish, you would give them your fish; likewise, if someone was in need of a cloak, they would offer them their cloak, certain that the environment – established by Akua – would provide for each individual’s requirements.

It was their belief that God created and provided everything, and that no one would be left without the necessities of life.

‘Pili’, a formidable and warlike Tahitian Chief, was transported to the islands by him and eventually became the first King of Hawaii.

A plethora of minor Gods, Goddesses, and Deities were worshipped, numbering in the thousands.

It was at this point that the Hawaiians transitioned from a belief in a “one real God” to a belief in several Gods and rebuilt their daily lives, because they now had different Gods and Goddesses to please, as well as new rites to follow.

The death of King Kamehameha the Great occurred in 1819.

For years, women in the community were not permitted to dine with the males at mealtimes, nor were they permitted to consume certain foods such as bananas, pork, and some types of fish.

The customs and rituals of the Hawaiian people would be altered for the rest of their lives!

People who wanted to keep the methods of the heiau secret kept some of them hidden as well.

When Calvinist missionaries came on Hawaii’s beaches in 1820, they brought with them their notion of the One God Jehovah as well as a return to order, ritual discipline, and rituals!

After the missionary’s arrival, it took over five years for Queen Ka’ahumanu to completely accept the Christian religion, but with her people experiencing spiritual upheaval, she came to feel that Jehovah God was the solution they had been looking for.

For the Hawaiian people, worshipping the One God (I’O), many Gods, and the One God (Jehovah) has been a way of life since the beginning of time.

Denise Moreland, the founder of Tour Talk Hawai’i, which offers an incredibly fantastic self-guided driving tour of O’ahu, donated the information for this piece.

While in O’ahu, pick up a copy of Tour Talk to put on your car’s CD player, and your trip will be substantially enhanced by the information provided by well-spoken people who are also entertaining and culturally knowledgeable.

Recommended Hawaii Tours

A sense of Hawaii’s spiritual essence is one of the most felt, yet least understood, elements of Hawaii’s culture, according to Hawaii Nei (the collective islands of Hawaii). Locals affectionately and respectfully refer to this spiritual energy as mana, and they hold it in the greatest regard because it is considered to be the “life force” that exists in all living things. To comprehend the Hawaiian notion of mana, it is necessary to first comprehend their concept of religion, and in order to do so, we must return to the ancient periods of the ahupua’a, or land divisions, which were the foundation of the Hawaiian culture.

  1. It was customary for each island to be split into huge districts known as moku, and each district was further subdivided into portions known as ahupua’a (lit.
  2. Each ahupua’a began at the summit of a mountain and stretched in a wedge-shape into the ocean, terminating at the far edge of a barrier reef.
  3. Because everything was tied to Akua, every day began with a prayer – not so much in words as in deeds (God).
  4. Polytheism existed among the Hawaiians prior to the advent of the Samoan Chief Pa’ao in the 12th century.
  5. As a result, the God “I” was held in such high regard that His name was never spoken out loud.
  6. Allowing people to fish, grow and harvest as well as bear offspring was requested from God.
  7. Whenever someone was in need of fish, you would give them your fish; likewise, if someone was in need of a cloak, they would offer them their cloak, certain that the environment – established by Akua – would provide for each individual’s need.

That is, they believed that God had created and provided everything, and that no one would be without the necessities of life.

He brought to the islands the formidable and warlike Tahitian Chief known as “Pili,” who would go on to become the first King of the Hawaiian Islands.

More than a thousand minor Gods and Goddesses, as well as Deities, were worshipped.

After then, the Hawaiians transitioned from a belief in a “one real God” to a belief in several Gods and rebuilt their lives to accommodate the fact that they now had a variety of Gods and Goddesses to please and new rites to observe.

When King Kamehameha the Great passed away, it was in the year 1819 in Hawaii.

It had been customary for years for women in the community not to have meals with the males, nor were they permitted to consume specific foods such as bananas, pork, or some types of fish.

The Hawaiian people’s customs and rituals would be altered for the rest of time!

People who wanted to preserve the customs of the heiau kept some of the treasures hidden from sight.

When Calvinist missionaries came on Hawaii’s beaches in 1820, they brought with them their notion of one God, Jehovah, as well as a return to order, ceremonial discipline, and rituals!

After the missionary’s arrival, it took over five years for Queen Ka’ahumanu to fully accept the Christian religion, but with her people experiencing spiritual upheaval, she came to feel that Jehovah God was the solution they had been searching for.

For the Hawaiian people, worshipping the One God (I’O), many Gods, and the One God (Jehovah) has been a way of life since the beginning of time.

Denise Moreland, the founder of Tour Talk Hawai’i, which offers an incredibly fantastic self-guided driving tour of O’ahu, contributed the content for this post for free.

While in O’ahu, pick up a copy of Tour Talk to put on your car’s CD player, and your trip will be much enhanced by the information provided by well-spoken people who are also entertaining and knowledgeable about the culture.

Hawaii-Guide.com has been featured in.

Kane (pronounced KAH-nay), Lono, Ku, and (perhaps) Kanaloa were the major gods of Hawaii who lived before the earth was created, according to Hawaiian mythology. According to one belief, there was nothing but a chaotic darkness known as the “Po” (night) in the beginning of time. Yet after waking up and recognizing that he was unique from the Po, Kane was able to break free of the Po’s grasp on him. Following that, when Lono and later Ku realized that Kane had distanced himself from the Po, they, too, were able to achieve freedom.

  1. These three gods were responsible for the creation of all minor Hawaiian deities, the most renowned of whom being the fire and volcano goddess Pele, who is also credited with the creation of the Hawaiian Islands.
  2. The three gods finally finished their work by gathering red clay from the four corners of the Earth, mixing it with their saliva, and molding it into the likeness of Kane (though with a head formed by Kane himself from a specially selected white clay).
  3. Unavoidable parallels may be seen between this tale and Genesis 2:7, in which the character of “Adam” or “man,” who is made from the clay of “adamah” (literally, red clay), and the Lord God breaths into him “the breath of life,” are drawn.
  4. He was the deity of reproduction and the progenitor of all people, including both leaders and commoners, according to mythology and legend.
  5. He was often connected with creatures such as sharks and hawks, which was maybe fitting.
  6. The mythology of Lono manifesting himself in human form and then going to “Kahiki” (possibly Tahiti) with a vow to return appears to have existed, despite the fact that the traditions are ambiguous and often conflicting.
  7. Cook’s ship, the HMS Resolution, happened to have rigging that looked similar to some of the objects linked with Lono-worship, and, just as ritual processions honoring Lono proceeded clockwise around the island, Cook had sailed clockwise around the island before making landfall.
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But when a member of his crew fell ill and died – something that was not anticipated among deities — the Hawaiians became skeptical and far less docile.

Others believe Kanaloa was a minor god formed to rule over the dead, and that his worship may have arrived in Hawaii only around A.D.

Because of his link to the underworld, numerous interpreters have attempted to characterize him as a deity of evil and death itself, who is perpetually at odds with the god Kane.

According to one mythology, Kanaloa attempted to replicate the creation of man by Kane, Lono, and Ku, but he was unable to do so because he lacked the ability to bring his statue to life.

However, the fact that Kanaloa and Kane were frequently connected with one another and worshipped together serves as a counterpoint to such tales of their relationship.

Canoe builders, for example, would summon Kane during their labors, while sailors onboard completed vessels would ask Kanaloa for direction and protection.

Kane was the ruler of the territory north of the sun’s annual path, while Kanaloa was the ruler of the territory south of the sun’s yearly course.

Some critics have proposed that the two gods combined reflect a divine duality of wildness and domestication, similar to the renowned “yin and yang” of Chinese Taoism, which represents the relationship between the two.

Hawaii Religion

Historical and Present-Day Guide to Hawaii Because of Hawaii’s diversified population, the people of Hawaii adhere to a wide range of religious traditions.

Hawaii Religion

Over the course of several centuries, people from a wide variety of various nations have chosen Hawaii as their permanent residence. When the diverse variety of Asian, European, and American origins are combined with native Hawaiian ancestry, the result is a diverse blend of religions that contributes to Hawaii’s distinctive identity.

Native Hawaiian Religion

The spirituality of the early Hawaiians was incorporated into their daily lives. In addition to the regulations of the reigning chief, thekapu akua, or the laws of the gods, were observed by the people. Breaking a kapu was punishable by harsh penalty, and in certain cases, death. It is possible to avoid punishment by fleeing to Apu’Uhonua (also known as “city of refuge”) and performing penance for a period of time while in that city. However, this is not always possible. Mana, a spiritual element that permeates most people and things, including language, was perhaps the most vital notion to grasp.

  • (untouchables) were believed to have none.?
  • Hawaiians had a plethora of gods and goddesses to adore.
  • In honor of Lono’s return to the ground to rejuvenate its fertility, the yearly harvest celebration, Makahiki, was held.
  • In addition to volcanoes, the goddess P?le, the most well-known Hawaiian divinity outside of the islands, ruled over the seas.
  • Some people still think that stealing rocks from volcanoes will draw her wrath, resulting in disaster for everyone who comes into possession of the rocks.
  • Originally, hula dances had a sacred significance.
  • Over time, the dances evolved to the point that they were performed for a variety of purposes, including pure amusement.

The temples of Luakini were constructed by the ruling chiefs and are the largest and most elaborate in the world.

in order to maintain the deity at the shrine.

It is possible to bring a warrior who has been killed in combat, or a criminal or slave may be killed specifically for this reason.

They conducted rituals at the right temple in order to invoke benefits from their patron spirits or to obtain direction from them.

A new spiritual advisor for the governing chief, Thekahuna, has been appointed.

All of the kapu were expelled from society.

A few old temple remains, on the other hand, may still be found today.

Mo’okini Heiau, located on the large island of Hawaii, is the most ancient of them all, having been constructed approximately 480 A.D. This stone temple, which is also the biggest, occupies an area roughly the size of a football field.

Religion Today

Approximately half of Hawaii’s present population adheres to a Christian faith in some way. Christians are dominated by Catholics, although Protestants aren’t far behind in terms of number of believers. Almost every denomination that exists, as well as a significant number of non-denominational churches, may be found in this area. A Mennonite church exists, with a congregation of less than 100 people, making it the state’s smallest congregation in terms of size. Because of Hawaii’s substantial Asian population, faiths from the Far East also play a major part in the state’s religious life.

  1. Buddhism is the most widely practiced of these religions.
  2. Jehovah’s Witnesses make up a significant portion of the population as well.
  3. Some pagan organizations do exist, but measuring their numbers is nearly hard due to the fact that pagans seldom create worship places, frequently practice privately, tend to keep their spirituality a secret, and are put into “other faiths” categories in census surveys.
  4. During services at Oahu’s Kawaiaha’o Church, where many of Hawaii’s kings were crowned, you may listen to Hawaiian-language music performed by the congregation.
  5. Alternatively, you may visit one of the old heiaus for a voyage back in time.

Traditional Hawaiian Religion

In the current state of Hawaii, almost half of the population adheres to some type of Christian belief. Christians are dominated by Catholics, although Protestants aren’t far behind in terms of number of followers. Almost every religious denomination in existence, as well as a significant number of non-denominational churches, may be found in this area of the country. A Mennonite church exists, with a congregation of less than 100 people, making it the state’s smallest congregation. A significant presence of faiths from the Far East is also found in Hawaii, because to the high concentration of Asian people there.

Hawaiians are surprised to learn that they have a disproportionately big number of Mormons.

The state’s relatively tiny Jewish population is served by a number of synagogues, and the state’s small Muslim community is served by one mosque.

A fun way to learn about the culture of the islands is to immerse yourself in some of Hawaii’s religious traditions.

At the Byodo-In Temple, take a stroll around the Japanese grounds. For a voyage back in time, stop at one of the old heiaus. You’ll undoubtedly have a wonderful time.

Resource units in Hawaiian culture

Book Covers
Front Matter
Chap. 1Unit 1: Brief Study of the Pacific (Pages 1-8)
Chap. 2Unit 2: Origins and Migrations (Pages 9-16)
Chap. 3Unit 3: Geology and Geography (Pages 17-28)
Chap. 4Unit 4: Communication, with Special Reference to the Hawaiian Language (Pages 29-40)
Chap. 5Unit 5: Chants, Musical Instruments and the Hula (Pages 41-58)
Chap. 6Unit 6: Poetry and Prose (Pages 59-68)
Chap. 7Unit 7: Religious Beliefs and Practices (Pages 69-90)
Chap. 8Unit 8: Symbols of Royalty (Pages 91-108)
Chap. 9Unit 9: Planters and Their Products (Pages 109-126)
Chap. 10Unit 10: Preparing and Serving Food (Pages 127-146)
Chap. 11Unit 11: Fish and Fishing (Pages 147-160)
Chap. 12Unit 12: Transportation, with Special Reference to Canoes (Pages 161-178)
Chap. 13Unit 13: Games and Pastimes (Pages 179-196)
Chap. 14Unit 14: Thatched Houses and Other Structures (Pages 197-212)
Chap. 15Unit 15: Clothing, with Special Reference to Making, Decorating and Using Kapa (Pages 213-230)
Chap. 16Unit 16: Maintaining Physical and Mental Health (Pages 231-248)
Chap. 17Unit 17: The Land and the People (Pages 249-272)
Chap. 18Unit 18: Warfare and Weapons (Pages 273-296)
Back Matter

A History of Religion in Hawaii

Approximately half of Hawaii’s present population adheres to some type of Christian faith. Christians are dominated by Catholics, but Protestants aren’t far behind. Almost every denomination in existence, as well as a significant number of non-denominational churches, may be found in this area. A Mennonite church exists, with a congregation of less than 100 members, making it the state’s smallest. Because of the significant Asian population in Hawaii, faiths from the Far East play a major role as well.

  • Hawaii is home to a surprising amount of Mormons.
  • A number of synagogues serve Hawaii’s relatively tiny Jewish community, while one mosque serves the state’s smaller Muslim minority, which is also modest.
  • The practice of participating in some of Hawaii’s religious traditions may be a rewarding way to learn about the culture of the islands.
  • Take a stroll around the Byodo-In Temple’s Japanese gardens.
  • You’re certain to have a wonderful time.

Related Travel Guide

Nothing transpired in Ancient Hawai’i unless the Gods and Goddesses were acknowledged and consented to it. In the Hawaiian language, there was no term to describe religion. At the time, religion was considered to be a comprehensive philosophy of everyday life. Hawaiians were aware that they were more than just physical creatures, and they were always concerned with being in touch with their creator. “We live in a spiritual universe governed by spiritual laws,” according to Hawaiian cosmology.

  • They rapidly realized that they needed to live in harmony with nature if they were to survive.
  • ‘Ohana’ and ‘Ho’oponopono* are not simply old spiritual concepts; they are also a way of life.
  • In the course of the day, Hawaiians prayed or sang, as if they were having a dialogue with their true gods, with whom they shared their universe.
  • Traditionally, disease was believed to be the consequence of an imbalance in the three basic forces oflkahi* (forces of life, death, and destruction) (God, Nature, Humans).
  • (Regarding this individual, this crop, or this life event) Hawaiians’ concept of lkahi motivated them to revere and respect all things, as well as to conduct their everyday lives in a manner that was in harmony with nature.
  • The Hawaiians possessed exceptional healing abilities, which resulted from their deep respect for all living things.
  • This was accomplished through the usage of Ho’oponopono.
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Hawaiians, like people from most cultures, place a high value on their family.

They think that all Hawaiians are related to one another.

However, nowadays, when someone mentions the word “Ohana,” it typically refers to all of one’s relatives, no matter how distant, as well as close friends in whom one has a high level of confidence.

These ties would make them feel incomplete if they were not connected to them.

Caregiving, educating, motivating, encouraging, and punishing are all examples of human beings doing what they do best.

Ohana may be characterized as a group of individuals who are both intimately and distantly connected and who have common interests such as land, food, children, and social standing.

A contributing member of the family and community is anticipated in Hawaiian culture, and one is expected to know and comprehend what it means to be a contributing member of the community.

Hawaiian Values*must always be present in every situation.

The health of the community as a whole was assured by the ‘Ohana that was created on this basis.

Each generation of lineage is composed as a long and exact chant that is chanted and committed to memory, with each generation building on the previous.

An’lelo No’eau* (Hawaiian Proverb): I ulu no ka lili I Ke Kumu is an excellent way to illustrate this point.

We would not be here if it were not for our forefathers and foremothers.

She was asked why she fed an amalahini that went by by one of her tutus, and her tutu answered, “No one is a complete stranger.” “I wasn’t feeding the guy; instead, I was greeting the spirit of God that was dwelling inside him.” The practice of respecting others was so ingrained in Hawaiian society that it didn’t even require a name.

  • It is possible that what was natural and instinctual for them today appears foolish and naive to individuals in our times.
  • The community and the Ali’i* shared everything because there was no money and no land ownership.
  • They had no need for money, and the Chief and Ali’i generously provided them with land to meet their requirements.
  • When it came to notions like “Ohana,” there was no better place to find them than at this time and place with the right individuals.
  • The umeke will very certainly be equipped with a cover.
  • If you see the cover has been removed, it means that someone in the family has made it known that things are not going well.
  • The umeke’s lid was especially significant since it was believed that the bowl contained theHa*, or the breath of life, which gave the bowl its name.
  • And, without the breath of life, life will gradually fade from the family, just as it will gradually disappear from every other living entity on the face of the earth.
  • For the purpose of restoring balance and harmony inside the home, the holy and traditional ritual of Ho’oponopono was performed.
  • Each everyone has their own version of the truth.
  • During the celebration of Ho’oponopono, the entire family gathered in one room.

Hawaiians thought that all words had power, and that no one should hang on to any hurtful words that had been said or inferred by another person. The practice of ho’oponopono is based on four basic, yet complicated actions, which are as follows:

  • Apologize– I am sorry
  • Forgiveness– in mind, word, and deed–Please forgive me, I forgive you
  • Love– express your feelings of affection for one another– I love you
  • Acceptance– I accept you
  • Gratitude – for everything – I am grateful for you and everything else in my life. People from Hawai’i have a lot to teach us about forgiveness, it appears. They have lived in a peaceful society for generations, before the advent of the first Europeans. They came to the realization that harboring hatred towards others does not contribute to the preservation of peace and spiritual alignment. In their minds, letting go of anger and grudges was essential for a well-functioning civilization such as theirs to operate properly. They were well aware that the person who suffers the most is the one who has not yet forgiven and is still holding onto bitterness against the other. Next week, we’ll look at the 19 Hawaiian Values, as well as a few rituals that people are often interested in learning more about. Hawaiians have lived their lives and told their tales for hundreds of years in the context of these 19 principles, which formed a framework within which they could operate. Some will act as a reminder of our own personal ideals, while others will serve as sources of inspiration. These are the principles that the worldwide society holds dear today, across all cultures: First and foremost, pay attention. Please accept my apologies. To Be Able To Forgive. To Fall in Love. Being Thankful is a virtue. Ho’oponopono is a worldwide rite of remembrance. This is an idea that everyone can grasp and enjoy. These habits and ideals are only a few of the numerous invisible factors that contribute to Hawai’i’s uniqueness as a destination that we all adore. Because we love these islands so much, when we are away from them, we miss them as much as we miss our genuine love. ‘No other place could so wistfully and beseechingly haunt me, sleeping and waking, for half a lifetime, as that one has done,’ said Mark Twain of his experiences. A country where nature and mankind live in peace, where the emphasis is on the health and well-being of the community, where the practices of Ho’oponopono are followed, and where the ‘Ohana is treasured and protected

Sugandha Ferro Black is responsible for the writing and visual design.GLOSSARY* of Hawaiian Words Ali’i– Ali’i is a term used in the Hawaiian language to describe to the line of monarchs who have ruled the Hawaiian Islands from their founding. The word ha means “breath of life.” Hawaiian Values–nineteen characteristics of Hawaiian life that we will examine next week will be discussed in detail. Ho’oponopono is a Hawaiian technique that aims to restore peace and spiritual equilibrium to the world.

  1. Kūpuna–elders Lkahi– One of the Hawaiian Values, which means harmony and oneness in all things.
  2. “Ohana” means “family” in Hawaiian, whether blood or extended.
  3. Tutu means grandmother in Swahili.
  4. It is important to note that the interpretations we provide here are precise translations of the words as they relate to the subject matter of this particular blog.

Religion in Hawaii

Hawaii is a religiously diverse state.

  • Hawaiians practice a variety of religious beliefs.

What Place Does Religion Have in Hawaii?

It was during my six years in Hawaii that I saw few people who were obviously and devoutly religious in their beliefs. Overall, it appears that the inhabitants of the islands are perfectly content with their lives and are not yearning for any kind of spiritual paradise that can be found in religious traditions. Having said that, churches may be found all throughout the islands — as well as Buddhist temples on some of them. People of all faiths and beliefs came to me: Christians, Jews, Rastafarians, people who felt that the earth itself was god.

  • If there are any Hindus or Hare Krishnas there, I didn’t see any of them.
  • I didn’t pay attention to them at the time, but now I wish I had.
  • Mainlanders who travel to Hawaii are either atheists, agnostics, or Christians — to put it another way, they are religious in general.
  • The majority of the Japanese, Chinese, Thai, Korean, and Vietnamese population are Buddhists, predominantly of the Zen, Mahayana, and Theravada schools.
  • Hawaii is home to a diverse range of religious groups, including Hasidic Jews, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and others.
  • Almost one-half of Hawaii’s people are religious in some way, whether they are Catholic, Christian, Protestant, or any other denomination.
  • Religions from the Far East play a major role on the islands; Buddhism, Shinto, Hinduism, Islam, and other spiritual practices may all be found on the islands, as can other spiritual practices.

Religious adherents in Hawaii are distributed as follows (according to statistics provided by religious institutions themselves):

  • Christianity has 351,000 adherents (28.9 percent)
  • Buddhism has 110,000 adherents (9 percent)
  • Judaism has 10,000 adherents (0.8 percent)
  • And other religions have 100,000 adherents (10 percent). The number of unaffiliated persons was 650,000 (51.1 percent)**.

Religions other than Christianity, Buddhism, and Judaism are classified as “other” in this data; Bah?’u’llah is included in this category. Among the faiths represented are: Confucianism, Daoism, Traditional Hawaiian religious beliefs; Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Shintoism, Zoroastrianism; and other religions. An agnostic, an atheist, a humanist, or someone who is irreligious is considered to be “unaffiliated,” as is someone who does not belong to a religious community. Peter Kay is a well-known figure in the world of sports.

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I’ve been a resident in Hawaii since the mid-1980s, when I arrived at the age of 21. I landed in Honolulu with no contacts and only approximately $5k in funds, having never been there before. I started with very nothing, and now Hawaii has provided me with the finest blessings the world has to offer in every aspect: spiritually, financially, romantically (I’ve been married since the early 1990s with two children), and, most importantly, with peace. My purpose with this website is to spread the wonder of this Land of Aloha while also assisting others who are on a similar journey.

Religion and expressive culture – Hawaiians

The religion documented in ethnohistorical sources was primarily the domain of male leaders, according to these sources. It was via the performance of sacrifices by priests in colossal temples that main power was legitimized. Beliefs in a higher power. Chiefs were considered to be descended from the gods and to have holy power because of this connection (mana). Women were prohibited a variety of food options and were not permitted to dine with males under the so-called kapusystem. At the local level, pre-Christian beliefs continued to exist for centuries after the mainly sacrifice religion was suppressed by the Romans.

Kamehameha’s patron deity was Ku, the god of fighting, fishing, and other manly hobbies, who served as a model for him.

Women had their own patron deities whom they revered.

Deities were often identified with certain crafts and occupations, according to tradition.

Roman Catholicism has drawn many Hawaiians, as have tiny Protestant congregations stressing personal ways of worship.

Prior to the kapuabolition, younger brothers were customarily assigned to serve their elders as priests.

Pele, the volcanic goddess, is reported to have had priestesses who served her.


For eight months out of the year, Kü was the ruler of the kingdom.


Despite the aesthetic quality of the carved wooden deities, only a handful of them survived the abrupt extinction of the native religion.

Drums, sticks, bamboo pipes, pebbles (such as castanets), gourds, rattles, and split bamboo pieces were some of the percussion instruments utilized in the performance.

Hawaiians currently use Western medicine, but they may also consult with healers and spiritual professionals, some of whom are related to Hawaiian cultural precedence and others who are syncretic, drawing on other ethnic traditions as well as Western medicine.

In many cases, illness is associated with social grievances or imbalances.

Ancient Hawaiians buried their deceased in burial caverns to protect their remains.

Chiefs were extremely anxious that their opponents did not discover their bodies and did not treat them with dishonor after their deaths. On the other side, those who violated the taboos were slain and sacrificed to the gods, and their bodies were left to rot on the temple grounds.

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